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JUDAISM. God’s Promise to Abraham. “I will make you a great nation And I will bless you: I will make your name great, And you will be a blessing. I will bless those who bless you, And whoever curses you I will curse, And all peoples on earth Will be blessed through you.” Genesis 12:2-3.

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God s promise to abraham

God’s Promise to Abraham

“I will make you a great nation

And I will bless you:

I will make your name great,

And you will be a blessing.

I will bless those who bless you,

And whoever curses you I will curse,

And all peoples on earth

Will be blessed through you.”

Genesis 12:2-3

What is the goal of all followers

To live a righteous life so that he or she will be rewarded by God in this life and in the life after death.

When God’s promised Messiah comes to set up his kingdom on earth, then, according to Jewish belief, the righteous will be brought back to life.

What is the goal of all followers?

The chosen people

The “Chosen People”

  • Jews are sometimes called the “Chosen People.” this special relationship is one of service, not of privilege. Jews believe they have been called by God to fulfill his commandments and be a blessing on the world.

Man beliefs one god

Man Beliefs: One God

  • These is only one God (YHWH). Jews believe they have a special relationship with God, built on a covenant (agreement).

  • God promised to be Israel’s God and give the Israelites a country of their own.

  • In return the Israelites must dedicate themselves to him alone and to his service and not to worship any other Gods.

    THINK: Why would believing in one God be unique in 2100 BC?

Beliefs continued education

Beliefs Continued: Education

  • Another central element of Judaism is education and study

  • Boys and Girls study will professional teacher to learn their religion

  • Bar Mitzvah: When a boy is accepted as an adult into the Jewish community.

  • Bat Mitzvah: When a girl is accepted as an adult into the Jewish community

Beliefs continued justice and righteousness

Beliefs Continued: Justice and Righteousness

  • To Jews, justice means kindness and fairness in dealing with other people. All people are equal and should be treated with love and respect.

  • Everyone deserves justice , even strangers and criminals.

  • You should give aid to the poor, sick, and less fortunate.

    • Give Tzedaka – 10% of income should be given to charity

  • Jews are supposed to behave properly even when others around them do not

Beliefs continued obedience and law

Beliefs Continued: Obedience and Law

  • Moral and religious laws have guide Jews through their history.

  • Jews believe God gave them laws to follow

    • The Ten Commandments

  • Moses recorded a whole system of laws God has set for them to obey called the Mosaic Laws. These laws guide many areas of Jews’ daily lives.

Mosaic guidelines

Mosaic Guidelines

  • No working on holidays or Sabbath

  • Sabbath is the seventh day of each week. It’s a day of rest because in Jewish tradition God created the world in six days and rested the seventh.

  • Follow a Kosher diet – food must be prepared a certain way. Jews cannot eat pork of shellfish.

Sacred texts

Sacred Texts

  • The Torah is the first of three parts of the Hebrew Bibles. It contains the sacred laws and includes the history of the Jews until the time of Moses.

  • The Tanach(Hebrew Bible) includes the torah, a second part that contains the messages of the Hebrew prophets and a final part of books of poetry, songs, stories, lessons and history.

  • The Talmud is a book of commentaries and lessons for everyday life.

  • The Dead Sea Scrolls were found in 1947 on small caves near the Dead Sea. They contain prayers, commentaries, lessons and passages from the Hebrew Bibles and was written between 100BC and AD 50

Jewish festivals

Jewish Festivals

  • Rosh Hashanah: The Jewish New Year is a day of remembrance that celebrates the creation of the world and reminds Jews of their responsibilities to God.

  • Yom Kippur: Is a day of prayer and fasting which is believed to be a Jews chance to make up for an bad deeds done in the previous year.

  • Passover: Is a day in which Jews remember the Exodus and eat a special meal called Seder. Each item in Seder symbolizes a part of the Exodus.

Festivals continued

Festivals Continued

  • Purim: Celebrates the story of Esther and the Warriors who fought against the Persians. Jews read from the Scroll of Esther, eat a special meal, give food to friends, and give to the poor.

  • Hanukkah: Hanukkah is also called the Festival of Lights and celebrates the victory of the Maccabees over the Syrian-Greek rulers of Jerusalem and the rededication of the Second Temple by.

Denominations of judaism

Denominations of Judaism?

  • Orthodox : Jews who follow the Mosaic laws strictly

  • Reform Jews: Jews who do not follow the ancient laws strictly

  • Conservative Jews : Fall between Orthodox and Reform Jews.

Review questions

Review Questions

  • What are the Main Beliefs of the Jews?

  • What Texts do Jews Consider Sacred?

  • What are the goals of followers?

  • How are followers supposed to behave?

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