Malawi
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Malawi. Factfile :. Country: Malawi Capital city: Lilongwe Population: Approx. 14 million Birth rate is on average 5.9 per woman. The economy is predominately agricultural, with about 90% of the population living in rural areas.

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Malawi

Malawi


Factfile

Factfile:

  • Country: Malawi

  • Capital city: Lilongwe

  • Population: Approx. 14 million

  • Birth rate is on average 5.9 per woman.

  • The economy is predominately agricultural, with about 90% of the

  • population living in rural areas.

  • One of the least developed countries in the world: 2/3 of population

  • living in poverty.

  • It is estimated that in Malawi, a country of approximately 13 million

  • people, there are around 260 doctors

  • Life expectancy at birth:

    - Men: 44 years - Women: 43 years

  • 2007 estimate: 930,000 people suffering from HIV/AIDS

  • Politically turbulent


Goal 1 eradicate extreme poverty hunger

Goal 1: Eradicate Extreme Poverty & Hunger

  • Achievements:

  • New agricultural initiatives

  • Establishment of micro-finance networks

  • Rehabilitation of land for small holder farmers

  • Identification of other sources of economic growth

  • Statistics:

  • Population below $1 a day (%): 1998 = 83.1%2004 = 73.9%

  • Population below national poverty line, (%)1991 = 54.0%1998 = 65.3%

  • Employment-to-population ratio, both sexes, 1991 = 71.6%2007 = 71.8%

  • Children under 5 severely underweight, 1992 = 27.2%2006 = 20.5%

  • Future Challenges:

  • A shortage of agricultural goods

  • Illiteracy

  • Food storage

  • Lack of skills

Times New Roman


Malawi

Goal 2:Achieve universal primary education by 2015, ensuring that children everywhere, boys and girls alike, are able to complete a full course of primary schooling

The 2008 Malawi Development Report (Challenges)

  • Malawi- Huge inequalities in access to education, most likely to not attend school are the poorer people, those in rural areas and girls.

  • The report identified the following as challenges to achieving universal education:

    -Lack of qualified teachers

    -Poor School building infrastructure

    -Teaching standards not monitored

    -No provision for children with special needs

    -Absenteeism due to diet and health problems.

    -Children not continuing on to secondary school.

    The National Educational Sector Plan 2008 (Achievements)

  • Reducing the pupil teacher ratio to 1:60 by 2013/14.

  • Increasing the availability of textbooks.

  • The Primary Curriculum Assessment Review.

  • Increased School -50 a year, and Teacher House construction.

  • Grants specifically to increase the participation of girls in education.

  • Free Education


Goal 6 combat hiv aids malaria and other diseases

Goal 6: Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases

  • Achievements:

  • Awareness campaigns

  • Counselling and testing sites: 184 sites in 2005.

  • ATR drugs (Anti-Retroviral) clinics: 60 clinics in May 2005.

  • 19,000 people have now received ATR drugs as opposed to none in the year 2000.

  • HIV/AIDS Education.

  • Statistics:

  • AIDS Deaths:2001: 60,0002007: 68,000

  • Men, 15-24 years old with comprehensive correct knowledge of HIV/AIDS (%)

    2000 = 41%2006 = 42%

  • Women, 2000 = 34%2006 = 42%

  • Challenges:

  • Negative social attitudes

  • Inadequate number of health personnel

  • Difficulty in administering ATR drugs.

  • Cultural beliefs


Conclusion

Conclusion:

  • MDG 1?

  • MDG monitor: MDG 1 = Off track

  • Malawi Growth and Development Strategy 2006 – 2011

  • A solution: Loans and credit systems?

  • MDG 6?

  • HIV/AIDS

  • MDG monitor: MDG 6 = possible to achieve if some changes are made

  • Increase in awareness campaigns

  • Voluntary testing

  • Increase the number of clinics

  • A focus on Prevention of Mother to Child Transmission (PMTCT) Services


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