TOK Emotion- Grief. Knowing through Grief as an emotion. What is grief?. grief ( grf ) n. 1. Deep mental anguish, as that arising from bereavement. See Synonyms at regret . 2. A source of deep mental anguish.
Knowing through Grief as an emotion
grief (grf) n.1. Deep mental anguish, as that arising from bereavement. See Synonyms at regret.
2. A source of deep mental anguish.
3. Annoyance or frustration: Trying to follow their directions was nothing but grief.
4. Trouble or difficulty: the griefs of trying to meet a deadline.
5. Archaic A grievance.
Denial and Isolation
A. Can we ever know anything purely through emotions? How do emotions interact with reason, sense perception and language?B. To what extent is it shaped by culture and hence displayed differently in different societies?
C. What sorts of things count as emotions? Are emotions and feelings the same thing?
In ancient Rome, when someone was on their death bed, the eldest male relative would lean in close, inhale and catch the last breath of the dying person.
In the Scottish highlands the deceased would be buried with a small amount of salt and soil placed on their chest. The soil implied that the body decays and becomes one with the earth. The salt, however, represents the soul and like the soul does not decay and die.
In Ghana, fantasy coffins are rapidly becoming the final resting place. These caskets are apparently designed to reflect the way the deceased lived his or her life. Thus, coffins are carved into everything from airplanes and motor cars to cigarettes and bottles of beer
In Hindu India, a widow was considered vulgar and useless without her husband, therefore she was expected to lie by his side and be cremated alive. This ritual, Sati, was believed to purify the widow and give her free passage to Heaven. Although Sati was abolished in 1829 there have been numerous cases since. Even as recent as 1981 an eighteen year old widow was a victim of the custom. Whether it was voluntary or she was forced to do it is still unknown.Buddhists in Tibet believe that when a person dies the soul leaves the body so there really is no need to keep the empty vessel. Therefore, the body is given back to the land in the form of Tibetan sky ritual (or Excarnation). The procedure takes place on a large flat rock in a specific location. A monk and several rogyapas (body breakers) will dismember the body, grind down the bones and flesh and then feed it to vultures. This ritual may seem, to some, as a brutal way of treating your loved one but it really isn’t. In Buddhism, vultures are redeemed as sacred animals because they do not kill and instead simply accept what comes their way - so the Tibetans believe that they are quite simply sustaining life. Moreover, because the terrain in Tibet is so hard, burials are almost impossible so it really is considered to be a practical way to dispose of the dead.
Plutchik'spsychoevolutionary theory of basic emotions has ten postulates.
The concept of emotion is applicable to all evolutionary levels and applies to all animals including humans.
Emotions have an evolutionary history and have evolved various forms of expression in different species.
Emotions served an adaptive role in helping organisms deal with key survival issues posed by the environment.
Despite different forms of expression of emotions in different species, there are certain common elements, or prototype patterns, that can be identified.
There is a small number of basic, primary, or prototype emotions.
All other emotions are mixed or derivative states; that is, they occur as combinations, mixtures, or compounds of the primary emotions.
Primary emotions are hypothetical constructs or idealized states whose properties and characteristics can only be inferred from various kinds of evidence.
Primary emotions can be conceptualized in terms of pairs of polar opposites.
All emotions vary in their degree of similarity to one another.
Each emotion can exist in varying degrees of intensity or levels of arousal.