Objective 7
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Objective 7. Use the proper directional terms used to describe body directions, surfaces, planes, cavities, and “anatomical position.”. Anatomical Position. Palms up Thumbs out Kind of uncomfortable to be in this position (normally we have our hands cupped, turned towards our sides.)

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Objective 7

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Objective 7

Objective 7

Use the proper directional terms used to describe body directions, surfaces, planes, cavities, and “anatomical position.”


Anatomical position

Anatomical Position

  • Palms up

  • Thumbs out

  • Kind of uncomfortable to be in this position (normally we have our hands cupped, turned towards our sides.)

  • “Right” and “left” are the patient’s right and left…opposite as we look at them


The language of anatomy

The Language of Anatomy

  • Special terminology is used to prevent misunderstanding

  • Exact terms are used for:

    • Position

    • Direction

    • Regions

    • Structures


Orientation and directional terms

Orientation and Directional Terms

Table 1.1


Orientation and directional terms1

Orientation and Directional Terms

Table 1.1 (cont)


Objective 7

  • Proximal

    • Only used for limbs…closer to body

  • Distal

    • Away from the body. Only used for limbs

  • Superficial

    • Towards the surface of the body

  • Deep

    • Away from the surface


Body landmarks

Body Landmarks

  • Anterior

Figure 1.5a


Body landmarks1

Body Landmarks

  • Posterior

Figure 1.5b


Planes and sections

Planes and Sections

  • Frontal

    • Cut into front and back halves

  • Transverse

    • “Sawing a woman in half” trick

    • Anywhere along the body

  • Median

    • Through midline (through belly button and nose)

    • Split into left and right halves


Body planes

Body Planes

Figure 1.6


Body cavities

Body Cavities

Dorsal - “back”

Cranial and spinal cavity

Ventral – “belly”

-Thoracic cavity

-Abdominopelvic cavity

*Abdominal cavity

*Pelvic Cavity

Figure 1.7


Abdominopelvic

Abdominopelvic

Quadrants

Figure 1.8a


Abdominopelvic regions

Abdominopelvic Regions

Figure 1.8b


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