Off the shelf innovation in family farming for sustainable agriculture
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Off the Shelf: Innovation in family farming for sustainable agriculture. Terri Raney, Editor The State of Food and Agriculture Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN. ICABR 18 June 2013 Ravello . The State of Food and Agriculture Editor-in-Chief 2002-2013. Planning for The SOFA 2014.

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Off the shelf innovation in family farming for sustainable agriculture

Off the Shelf: Innovation in family farming for sustainable agriculture

Terri Raney, Editor

The State of Food and Agriculture

Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN

ICABR

18 June 2013

Ravello


Off the shelf innovation in family farming for sustainable agriculture

The State of Food and Agriculture

Editor-in-Chief

2002-2013


Planning for the sofa 2014

Planning for The SOFA 2014

Innovation in family farming for sustainable agriculture


Why a sofa on agricultural innovation

Why a SOFA on agricultural innovation?

  • World population is growing. Incomes are rising. Demand for food is growing.

  • Poverty and hunger is still pervasive.

  • The natural resource base is more and more constrained and at risk of degradation and climate change.


Off the shelf innovation in family farming for sustainable agriculture

Food consumption to 2050

(Kcal/person/day)

Source: FAO, 2011


Real food prices increasing

Real food prices increasing?


Hunger is widespread and persistent

Hunger is widespread and persistent


With stark regional disparities

… with stark regional disparities

Decreaseof more than 100 million each in East and Southeast Asia

Source: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (2012).


And increasingly complex malnutrition problems

… and increasingly complex malnutrition problems


Small family farms are crucial to the challenge

Small family farms are crucial to the challenge


Systems at risk of degradation and climate change

Systems atrisk of degradation and climate change


Off the shelf innovation in family farming for sustainable agriculture

Sources of production growth

Source: FAO, 2011


Yields much higher on irrigated land very scarce in ssa

Yields much higher on irrigated land … very scarce in SSA

Source: FAO.


Strong competition for water in some regions

Strong competition for water in some regions

Source: FAO.


Fertilizer use is very low in ssa

Fertilizer use isverylow in SSA


Ensuring sustainable productivity growth in family farming requires

Ensuring sustainable productivity growth in family farming requires:

  • Generating and sharing technologies and practices in and for family farms

  • Reforming policies and institutions to remove constraints and promote the use of practices and technologies for sustainable productivity.

  • Facilitating access of family farms to market incentives as a driver and a source of innovation.

  • Promoting innovation capacity among family farms.


The technical challenge of sustainable productivity growth

The technical challenge of sustainable productivity growth

  • Productivity growth stagnation and gaps.

  • Increasing stress on the natural resource base.

  • Climate change threatens traditional practices.

  • Ag. R&D and extension services to meet old and new challenges.


The socio economic challenges of ensuring access to technologies and practices

The socio-economic challenges of ensuring access to technologies and practices

  • More inclusive to meet needs of small farms.

  • Markets and value chains as a driver of innovation.

  • Overcoming constraints to adopt practices with positive private returns:

    • High short term opportunity costs

    • Financial constraints

    • Risk aversion


Promoting innovation capacity among family farms

Promoting innovation capacity among family farms

  • Individual innovation capacity (education, training, gender gaps)

  • Collective innovation capacity (ability of farmers and others to organize effectively to access markets, information, technologies etc.)

  • Broader enabling environment (policies, institutions, governance etc.)


How you can help

How you can help

  • Research on various aspects of the challenge

  • Examples of policy, institutions, incentives for innovation

  • Case studies of successful adoption of sustainable practives


Off the shelf innovation in family farming for sustainable agriculture

For more information …

The State of Food and Agriculture 2013Food systems for better nutrition

FAO‘s major annual flagship publication.

Available in English, French, Spanish, Russian, Arabic and Chinese

www.fao.org/publications/sofa

#sofa2013


Resources

Resources

  • The State of Food and Agriculture 2013: Food systems for better nutrition (June 2013)

  • World agriculture towards 2030/50 (2012)

  • The State of the World’s Land and Water Resources (2011)

  • Background papers for the “Food Security Futures” conference (FAO and IFPRI)

    www.fao.org/publications


Land expansion potential concentrated in certain regions

Land expansion potential, concentrated in certain regions

Source: GAEZ-v3.0 in Fischer et al 2011.


High fertilizer use in east asia south asia and latin america will follow suit

High fertilizer use in East Asia; South Asia and Latin America will follow suit

Source: FAO.


Natural resources for food production water

Natural Resources for Food Production: Water

Comprehensive Assessment of Water Management in Agriculture, 2007

The FAO projections indicate that the global demand for water withdrawals from agriculture will increase by 11% from a 2006 baseline to 2050

By 2050, more than half the world’s population will live in countries with severe water constraints


Systems at risk

Systems atrisk

densely populated highlands in poor areas;

small holder rainfed farming in semi-arid tropics;

densely populated and intensely cultivated areas in the Mediterranean basin

intensive rainfed cropping in temperate climate;

irrigated rice-based systems;

crops depending on irrigation by groundwater;

rangelands on fragile soils;

deltas and coastal areas;

periurban agriculture.


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