Creative writing final exam study guide
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Creative Writing Final Exam Study Guide. 1. Acrostic. a p oem or a series of lines in which certain letters, for example, the first, form a name or motto. 2. Alliteration. repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of words. 3. Allusion.

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Creative Writing Final Exam Study Guide

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Creative Writing Final Exam Study Guide


1. Acrostic

  • a poem or a series of lines in which certain letters, for example, the first, form a name or motto.


2. Alliteration

  • repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of words


3. Allusion

  • a reference in a literary work to a well-known character, phrase, or situation from history


4. Anecdote

  • a short written or oral account of an event from a person’s life.


5. antagonist

  • the character in contrast or opposition to the main character


6. autobiography

  • a person’s account of his or her life.


7. biography

  • a nonfiction account of a person’s life written by another person


8. brainstorming

  • a technique to generate ideas in which the person writes down ideas as quickly as possible without judging the ideas


9. character

  • an individual in a literary work.


10. characterization

  • Method of revealing a character’s personality


11. direct characterization

  • The writer makes explicit statements about the character; the character is revealed through his or her own actions, words, thoughts, reactions, and beliefs


12. indirect characterization

  • The writer reveals a character through the reactions, thoughts, words, and beliefs ofother characters


13. chronological order

  • the ordering of events according to time


14. climax

  • The point of the greatest emotional intensity, interest, or suspense in the plot of the literary work; the highest point in a story


15. conflict

  • The struggle between opposing forces in a story or drama.


16. internal conflict

  • A struggle that takes place within the mind of a character who is torn between opposing feelings or goals; man vs. self


17. external conflict

  • exists when a character struggles against some outside force, such as another person, nature, society, or fate; three types:

  • man vs. man

  • man vs. nature

  • man vs. society


18. denouement

  • the resolution (outcome) of a story.


19. diamante

  • A diamond shaped poem focused on opposites.


20. diary

  • A personal record of experiences, events, and observations.


21. dynamic

  • A descriptive word for a character who changes


22. expository

  • The explanation of a subject; a mode of writing whose purpose is to inform or to explain


23. falling action

  • the action or events that follow the climax


24. flat

  • a character who reveals only one personality trait; predictions cannot be made about this type of character


25. formula poetry

  • a formula or fixed pattern dictates the form, structure, and/or content of a poem


26. free writing

  • writing nonstop for a set time, usually only five or ten minutes; the idea is to get your thoughts on paper; it can begin anywhere and go anywhere; the purpose is to help you get started or free your mind


27. free verse

  • poetry that has no fixed pattern of meter, rhyme, line length, or stanza arrangement


28. haiku

  • a type of poetry characterized by the following : three lines of 5, 7, and 5 syllables; originated in Japan; traditional topic is nature


29. essay

  • a writing attempt on a topic; a short work of nonfiction on a single topic


30. exposition

  • introduces the story’s characters, setting, and situation.

  • background information


31. hook

  • that which gets the reader’s attention at the beginning of any piece of writing


32. imagery

  • descriptive writing that appeals to one or more of the 5 senses; writing that paints a picture


33. limerick

  • a short poem fitting the following formula:

  • lines 1, 2, and 5 rhyme (longer).

  • lines 3, and 4 rhyme (shorter).

  • The limerick is usually humorous.


34. journal

  • a daily record of events kept by a participant in those events or a witness to them; not meant to be a private document


35. fable

  • a short story with animal characters that teaches a lesson


36. simile

  • a comparison between two seemingly unlike things using like or as


37.metaphor

  • a comparison between two seemingly unlike things not using like or as; a DIRECT comparison


38. mood

  • the feeling or atmosphere that a writer creates


39. narrative

  • a piece of writing or speech that tells a story; driven by a conflict or problem, a narrative unfolds event by event and leads to a resolution


40. onomatopoeia

  • Use of a word or phrase that imitates or suggests the sound of what it describes


41. organizational patterns of writing (5)

Method for organizing a piece of writing

  • Chronological (time)

  • Spatial (space)

  • Problem-solution

  • Sequential (sequence of events; order)

  • Cause-effect


42. paragraph

  • a unit of writing that consists of related sentences


43. sequential order

  • A method of organization which relies on the sequence (order) of events


44. point of view

  • the perspective from which the story is told


45. first person

The narrator is a character in the story and is referred to as “I.” The reader sees everything through the eyes of the narrator.


46. Third-person limited

  • The narrator reveals the thoughts, feelings, and observations o f only one character, referring to that character as “he”, or “she.”


47. Third-person omniscient

  • All-knowing point of view; the narrator is not a character in the story but rather is someone who stands outside the story and comments on the action. A third-person omniscient narrator knows everything about the characters and the events and may reveal details that the characters could not themselves reveal.


48. Plot diagram

  • _/\_ (c)

    • /

      (b) / \ (d)

  • / \

  • _______ _________

  • (a) (e)

  • (a) exposition (d) falling action

  • (b) rising action (e) resolution/

    (c) climax denouement


  • 49. protagonist

    • The main character in the story; hero


    50. recursive

    • A term that describes the writing process: goes back on itself; circular; can double back to previous steps or jump ahead


    51.resolution

    • that part of the plot that concludes the falling action by revealing or suggesting the outcome of the conflict

    • synonym: denouement


    52.rising action

    • the events that lead up to the climax


    53.round (character)

    • a character in a story who is highly developed or more fully developed than other characters; easy to make predictions about a round character; encounters conflict and is changed by it; shows varied and sometimes contradictory traits


    54.rubric

    • an explicit (precise) summary of the criteria for assessing a particular piece of student work, plus levels of potential achievement for each criterion


    55. sequential order

    • a method of organization for a written of work or a speech based on sequence or the order of events


    56. setting

    • the time and location


    57. static (character)

    • a character who remains the same throughout the story; does not undergo any significant change


    58. theme

    • the main often idea or message of a story, poem, novel, or play often expressed as a general statement about life


    59. title

    • An identifying name given to a book, play, film, musical composition, or other work.


    60. Transition words

    • help ideas flow within sentences, from sentence to sentence, and from paragraph to paragraph;

    • provide logical organization and understandability

    • improve the connections and transitions between thoughts


    61. Writing process

    • The series of overlapping steps used to produce a text:

      prewriting

      drafting

      editing and revising

      proofreading

      publishing

    • best described as recursive


    62. What is the strongest sense?

    • smell


    63. How can character be revealed?

    • by making a character round

    • through dialogue

    • through direct and indirect characterization

    • the character’s handling of conflict


    Quotation Marks Rule 1

    • Use quotation marks to enclose a direct quotation, a person’s exact words


    Quotation Marks Rule 2

    • A direct quotation begins with a capital letter.


    Quotation Marks Rule 3

    • When a quoted sentence is divided into two parts by an interrupting expression such as “he said” or mother asked, the second part beings with a smaller letter.


    Quotation Marks Rule 4

    • A direct quotation is set off from the rest of the sentence by commas, a question mark, or exclamation point.


    Quotation Marks Rule 5

    • Commas and periods are always placed inside the closing quotation marks.


    Quotation Marks Rule 6


    Quotation Marks Rule 7


    Correct the following:


    67. What is the main purpose of personal writing?

    • To record ideas and experience

    • to discover things about oneself and the world


    68. List at least five methods/ways you can use to come up with a story idea?

    • 1. Keep a journal.

    • 2. Freewrite.

    • 3. Brainstorm.

    • 4. Read newspapers.

    • 5. Use a photograph.


    69. What is the main reason for writing an autobiography?

    • to examine the meaning or significance of events in the writer’s life.


    70. How can you determine whether or not the dialogue you have written is realistic?

    • Read it aloud.


    Questions 71-73

    • What language device is illustrated in the passage?


    71. What language device is used in the passage below?

    • “Life is a broken-winged bird….”-Dreams”

    • metaphor


    72. What language device is used in the passage below?

    • “But I was going to say when Truth broke in

      With all her matter of fact about the ice storm,”

      - “Birches”

    • personification


    73. What language device is used in the passage below?

    • “Life is like a box of chocolates.”

      – Forrest Gump

    • simile


    74. Define creativity.

    • the ability to produce something new through imaginative skill, whether a new solution to a problem, a new method or device, a new form, or a new artistic product .


    75. When proposing a story idea, what should you consider?

    • who, what, when, where, why, and how

    • the purpose of the writing

    • the audience


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