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Creative Writing Final Exam Study Guide. 1. Acrostic. a p oem or a series of lines in which certain letters, for example, the first, form a name or motto. 2. Alliteration. repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of words. 3. Allusion.

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1 acrostic
1. Acrostic
  • a poem or a series of lines in which certain letters, for example, the first, form a name or motto.
2 alliteration
2. Alliteration
  • repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of words
3 allusion
3. Allusion
  • a reference in a literary work to a well-known character, phrase, or situation from history
4 anecdote
4. Anecdote
  • a short written or oral account of an event from a person’s life.
5 antagonist
5. antagonist
  • the character in contrast or opposition to the main character
6 autobiography
6. autobiography
  • a person’s account of his or her life.
7 biography
7. biography
  • a nonfiction account of a person’s life written by another person
8 brainstorming
8. brainstorming
  • a technique to generate ideas in which the person writes down ideas as quickly as possible without judging the ideas
9 character
9. character
  • an individual in a literary work.
10 characterization
10. characterization
  • Method of revealing a character’s personality
11 direct characterization
11. direct characterization
  • The writer makes explicit statements about the character; the character is revealed through his or her own actions, words, thoughts, reactions, and beliefs
12 indirect characterization
12. indirect characterization
  • The writer reveals a character through the reactions, thoughts, words, and beliefs ofother characters
13 chronological order
13. chronological order
  • the ordering of events according to time
14 climax
14. climax
  • The point of the greatest emotional intensity, interest, or suspense in the plot of the literary work; the highest point in a story
15 conflict
15. conflict
  • The struggle between opposing forces in a story or drama.
16 internal conflict
16. internal conflict
  • A struggle that takes place within the mind of a character who is torn between opposing feelings or goals; man vs. self
17 external conflict
17. external conflict
  • exists when a character struggles against some outside force, such as another person, nature, society, or fate; three types:
  • man vs. man
  • man vs. nature
  • man vs. society
18 denouement
18. denouement
  • the resolution (outcome) of a story.
19 diamante
19. diamante
  • A diamond shaped poem focused on opposites.
20 diary
20. diary
  • A personal record of experiences, events, and observations.
21 dynamic
21. dynamic
  • A descriptive word for a character who changes
22 expository
22. expository
  • The explanation of a subject; a mode of writing whose purpose is to inform or to explain
23 falling action
23. falling action
  • the action or events that follow the climax
24 flat
24. flat
  • a character who reveals only one personality trait; predictions cannot be made about this type of character
25 formula poetry
25. formula poetry
  • a formula or fixed pattern dictates the form, structure, and/or content of a poem
26 free writing
26. free writing
  • writing nonstop for a set time, usually only five or ten minutes; the idea is to get your thoughts on paper; it can begin anywhere and go anywhere; the purpose is to help you get started or free your mind
27 free verse
27. free verse
  • poetry that has no fixed pattern of meter, rhyme, line length, or stanza arrangement
28 haiku
28. haiku
  • a type of poetry characterized by the following : three lines of 5, 7, and 5 syllables; originated in Japan; traditional topic is nature
29 essay
29. essay
  • a writing attempt on a topic; a short work of nonfiction on a single topic
30 exposition
30. exposition
  • introduces the story’s characters, setting, and situation.
  • background information
31 hook
31. hook
  • that which gets the reader’s attention at the beginning of any piece of writing
32 imagery
32. imagery
  • descriptive writing that appeals to one or more of the 5 senses; writing that paints a picture
33 limerick
33. limerick
  • a short poem fitting the following formula:
  • lines 1, 2, and 5 rhyme (longer).
  • lines 3, and 4 rhyme (shorter).
  • The limerick is usually humorous.
34 journal
34. journal
  • a daily record of events kept by a participant in those events or a witness to them; not meant to be a private document
35 fable
35. fable
  • a short story with animal characters that teaches a lesson
36 simile
36. simile
  • a comparison between two seemingly unlike things using like or as
37 metaphor
37.metaphor
  • a comparison between two seemingly unlike things not using like or as; a DIRECT comparison
38 mood
38. mood
  • the feeling or atmosphere that a writer creates
39 narrative
39. narrative
  • a piece of writing or speech that tells a story; driven by a conflict or problem, a narrative unfolds event by event and leads to a resolution
40 onomatopoeia
40. onomatopoeia
  • Use of a word or phrase that imitates or suggests the sound of what it describes
41 organizational patterns of writing 5
41. organizational patterns of writing (5)

Method for organizing a piece of writing

  • Chronological (time)
  • Spatial (space)
  • Problem-solution
  • Sequential (sequence of events; order)
  • Cause-effect
42 paragraph
42. paragraph
  • a unit of writing that consists of related sentences
43 sequential order
43. sequential order
  • A method of organization which relies on the sequence (order) of events
44 point of view
44. point of view
  • the perspective from which the story is told
45 first person
45. first person

The narrator is a character in the story and is referred to as “I.” The reader sees everything through the eyes of the narrator.

46 third person limited
46. Third-person limited
  • The narrator reveals the thoughts, feelings, and observations o f only one character, referring to that character as “he”, or “she.”
47 third person omniscient
47. Third-person omniscient
  • All-knowing point of view; the narrator is not a character in the story but rather is someone who stands outside the story and comments on the action. A third-person omniscient narrator knows everything about the characters and the events and may reveal details that the characters could not themselves reveal.
48 plot diagram
48. Plot diagram
  • _/\_ (c)
                • /

(b) / \ (d)

            • / \
  • _______ _________
  • (a) (e)
  • (a) exposition (d) falling action
  • (b) rising action (e) resolution/

(c) climax denouement

49 protagonist
49. protagonist
  • The main character in the story; hero
50 recursive
50. recursive
  • A term that describes the writing process: goes back on itself; circular; can double back to previous steps or jump ahead
51 resolution
51.resolution
  • that part of the plot that concludes the falling action by revealing or suggesting the outcome of the conflict
  • synonym: denouement
52 rising action
52.rising action
  • the events that lead up to the climax
53 round character
53.round (character)
  • a character in a story who is highly developed or more fully developed than other characters; easy to make predictions about a round character; encounters conflict and is changed by it; shows varied and sometimes contradictory traits
54 rubric
54.rubric
  • an explicit (precise) summary of the criteria for assessing a particular piece of student work, plus levels of potential achievement for each criterion
55 sequential order
55. sequential order
  • a method of organization for a written of work or a speech based on sequence or the order of events
56 setting
56. setting
  • the time and location
57 static character
57. static (character)
  • a character who remains the same throughout the story; does not undergo any significant change
58 theme
58. theme
  • the main often idea or message of a story, poem, novel, or play often expressed as a general statement about life
59 title
59. title
  • An identifying name given to a book, play, film, musical composition, or other work.
60 transition words
60. Transition words
  • help ideas flow within sentences, from sentence to sentence, and from paragraph to paragraph;
  • provide logical organization and understandability
  • improve the connections and transitions between thoughts
61 writing process
61. Writing process
  • The series of overlapping steps used to produce a text:

prewriting

drafting

editing and revising

proofreading

publishing

  • best described as recursive
63 how can character be revealed
63. How can character be revealed?
  • by making a character round
  • through dialogue
  • through direct and indirect characterization
  • the character’s handling of conflict
quotation marks rule 1
Quotation Marks Rule 1
  • Use quotation marks to enclose a direct quotation, a person’s exact words
quotation marks rule 2
Quotation Marks Rule 2
  • A direct quotation begins with a capital letter.
quotation marks rule 3
Quotation Marks Rule 3
  • When a quoted sentence is divided into two parts by an interrupting expression such as “he said” or mother asked, the second part beings with a smaller letter.
quotation marks rule 4
Quotation Marks Rule 4
  • A direct quotation is set off from the rest of the sentence by commas, a question mark, or exclamation point.
quotation marks rule 5
Quotation Marks Rule 5
  • Commas and periods are always placed inside the closing quotation marks.
67 what is the main purpose of personal writing
67. What is the main purpose of personal writing?
  • To record ideas and experience
  • to discover things about oneself and the world
68 list at least five methods ways you can use to come up with a story idea
68. List at least five methods/ways you can use to come up with a story idea?
  • 1. Keep a journal.
  • 2. Freewrite.
  • 3. Brainstorm.
  • 4. Read newspapers.
  • 5. Use a photograph.
69 what is the main reason for writing an autobiography
69. What is the main reason for writing an autobiography?
  • to examine the meaning or significance of events in the writer’s life.
70 how can you determine whether or not the dialogue you have written is realistic
70. How can you determine whether or not the dialogue you have written is realistic?
  • Read it aloud.
questions 71 73
Questions 71-73
  • What language device is illustrated in the passage?
71 what language device is used in the passage below
71. What language device is used in the passage below?
  • “Life is a broken-winged bird….”-Dreams”
  • metaphor
72 what language device is used in the passage below
72. What language device is used in the passage below?
  • “But I was going to say when Truth broke in

With all her matter of fact about the ice storm,”

- “Birches”

  • personification
73 what language device is used in the passage below
73. What language device is used in the passage below?
  • “Life is like a box of chocolates.”

– Forrest Gump

  • simile
74 define creativity
74. Define creativity.
  • the ability to produce something new through imaginative skill, whether a new solution to a problem, a new method or device, a new form, or a new artistic product .
75 when proposing a story idea what should you consider
75. When proposing a story idea, what should you consider?
  • who, what, when, where, why, and how
  • the purpose of the writing
  • the audience
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