Ancient Egypt. Ancient Egypt. What was the “SOUL” of Ancient Egypt?. Click here for Creation Story. ATUM. NUT . Gods and Goddesses. Creation Story. GEB. NUT. TEFNUT. MA’AT. HORUS. SHU. ANUBIS. ISIS. Website: Gods and Goddesses. ATUM. Atum.
Click here for Creation Story
There were three main areas that were populated in Egypt:
1. The Nile Valley
deserts provided protection and shelter from outside influences
Access to Mediterranean increased and expanded trade and culture
culture was one of stability and not rapid change
Deserts were an important source of minerals and building supplies (copper, tin, gold and natron, the drying agent used in mummification)Geographic Effects on Egypt’s stability and history
The throne passed on to eldest son of Principal Queen who was usual the eldest daughter of the previous king therefore the king’s sister
Well treated and had considerable legal rightscompared to other civilizations
Same legal rights as men (land, property, divorce)
Left women to be economically independent
Primary role was in domestic life
Common title for a married women in ancient Egypt was “nebet per” meaning “the lady of the house”
Bear and raise children
Role of Men
Head of the family
Men could have numerous wives but economically men had only 1 wife
Jobs were hereditary
Labour required for construction projects and was mostly filled by poor, serfs
Stability of Egypt thrived as skilled trades were passed from father to son
Children always learned the trade from parents; seldom could choose occupationSocial Roles
– grain, vegetables, fruit, cattle, goats, pigs and fowl
What is the Rosetta Stone?
Why is it in three different scripts?
When was the Rosetta Stone found?
What does the Rosetta Stone say?
Death viewed as a new beginning
MA’AT-symbol of the equilibrium
of the universe
panel of 14 judges
Ka (soul /spiritual duplicate), ba (personality) ankh (form mummy took in afterlife / the key of life)
Weighing of the heart vs Ma’at
Judgment of scale
record of the outcome
Afterlife would be spent enjoying best of life experiences
Body covered with natron and dried for up to 70 days
Body wrapped in linen coated with resins and oils
Middle Kingdom became customary to place a mask over the face
Removal of organs (lungs, stomach, intestines, liver) in Canopic Jars were closed with stoppers fashioned in the shape of four heads -- human, baboon, falcon, and jackal - representing the four protective spirits called the Four Sons of Horus.
brain was sucked out of the cranial cavity and thrown away because the Egyptian\'s thought it was useless.Mummification
= Stability was goal and change slow and cautious