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www.Apushreview.com. Everything You Need To K now A bout The Second Red Scare To Succeed In APUSH. APUSH Review: The Second Red Scare. What was the Second Red Scare?. Fear and hysteria over communism that s wept the country in the 1940s and 1950s

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everything you need to k now a bout the second red scare to succeed in apush

www.Apushreview.com

Everything You Need To Know About The Second Red Scare To Succeed In APUSH

APUSH Review: The Second Red Scare

what was the second red scare
What was the Second Red Scare?
  • Fear and hysteria over communism that swept the country in the 1940s and 1950s
  • Many individuals feared the US government was infiltrated by communists
  • Reasons for the 2nd Red Scare:
    • USSR actions after WWII in Eastern Europe
    • “Fall of China” in 1949
    • Soviet development of nuclear weapons
red scare in the 1940s
Red Scare in the 1940s
  • HUAC (created in 1945)
    • House Committee on Un-American Activities
      • Prominent member was Richard Nixon – NOT JOSEPH McCarthy!
    • Alger Hiss:
      • One-time aide to FDR
      • Accused of sharing 65 classified documents
      • Indicted and sentenced to 5 years in jail for perjury
    • “Hollywood Ten”
      • 10 screenwriters that refused to testify before HUAC; sentenced to jail
  • Truman’s Loyalty Program:
    • Truman issued an executive order (9835) for federal employees to take a loyalty oath
red scare in the 1950s
Red Scare in the 1950s
  • McCarran Internal Security Bill
      • Passed over Truman’s Veto
      • Communist organizations must register with the government
  • McCarthyism
    • Seen as a demagogue
      • Leader that capitalizes on prejudices and false claims to gain power
    • Joseph McCarthy (R – Wisconson)
    • Accused state department officials of being communists
    • Downfall happened when he attacked the army
    • Arthur Miller’s The Crucible was an allegory to McCarthyism
  • Rosenbergs
    • Husband and wife convicted of giving a-bomb secrets to the Soviets
    • 2008 – Revealed that the prosecution knew Ethel was innocent
effects of the second red scare
Effects of the Second Red Scare
  • Blacklisting:
    • Refusal to hire certain workers (100s in Hollywood were never hired for alleged ties to communism)
  • Violation of constitutional rights
    • Remember, in times of war and crisis, individual rights decrease
  • Cincinnati Reds changed their name to the Cincinnati Redlegs to avoid associations with Communism
  • Dennis v. US (1951):
    • Upheld the Smith Act (1940)
    • Made it illegal to teach the violent overthrow of the government
test tips
Test Tips
  • Essay Topics:
    • Comparing 1st Red Scare with 2nd Red Scare
    • 2nd Red Scare as it relates to domestic policy during The Cold War
  • Tips for Multiple-Choice questions:
    • McCarthy was NOT part of HUAC
    • Individual rights are limited (McCarthyism, Hollywood 10)
  • Good Luck!
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