HIST2133.
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 14

Weimar‘s foreign policy, 1922-29 Lecture 10 10 April 2012 PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 52 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

HIST2133. The Weimar Republic through Documents, 1918-1933. Weimar‘s foreign policy, 1922-29 Lecture 10 10 April 2012. Genoa Conference (1922). USA & UK invited G + SU to discuss reparations & EU economic problems: F rejected participation to avoid discussing reparations

Download Presentation

Weimar‘s foreign policy, 1922-29 Lecture 10 10 April 2012

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Weimar s foreign policy 1922 29 lecture 10 10 april 2012

HIST2133.

The Weimar Republic through Documents,

1918-1933

Weimar‘s foreign policy, 1922-29

Lecture 10

10 April 2012


Genoa conference 1922

Genoa Conference (1922)

USA & UK invited G + SU to discuss reparations & EU economic problems:

  • F rejected participation to avoid discussing reparations

  • Separate Treaty of Rapallo between G + SU (‘the outsiders’): No mutual claims from wartime + new diplomatic relations

    = Strategic success of G but worsening relations with West

    = Strong mistrust by F & GB vs. ‘Ghost of Rapallo’


Improving foreign relations

Improving foreign relations

  • Dawes Plan & London Conference (1924)

  • Acceptance by French PM Herriot → evacuation of Ruhr (1925)

  • Signing of Locarno treaties (1925)


Stresemann s policy

Stresemann’s policy

  • Realistic assessment of G position:

  • Accepted war defeat + dependence on Allies

  • Rejected nationalism & confrontation as harmful

  • Strived to convince Allies of G’s will for peace & for cooperation & for mutual understanding

  • Tried to have Versailles Treaty revised

    = Aimed at renewed big-power position for G


Stresemann s security policy

Stresemann’s security policy

  • Aimed at peaceful understanding with F to end Ruhr occupation + to have Versailles Treaty revised

  • His secret notes to F + GB to achieve guarantee treaties on basis of given territorial situation in West

  • F generally positive but demanded guarantee treaty also in East (PL) →


Locarno conference 1925 german allied security conference

Locarno Conference (1925)German-Allied Security Conference

  • Treaty of Mutual Guarantee: Inviolability of G’s western borders (G, F, B, GB, I)

    → G accepted De-militarisation of Rhineland + gave up permanently Alsace-Lorraine (F) & Eupen-Malmedy (B)

  • Treaties of Arbitration (G with B, F, PL, CZ)

    → G vs. PL renounced border changes by force but no ‘Eastern Locarno’


Locarno treaties results

Locarno Treaties: Results

Most important positive event in foreign politic for Europe since war (Oct 1925):

→ End of G moral & political isolation + return as leading European power with enhanced foreign policy options

→ G as permanent member of League of Nations (Sep 1926)

→ Positive repercussions for G expected too quickly but only successively


Treaty with soviet union

Treaty with Soviet Union

  • Strong mistrust in SU on G’s turn to West (Locarno) > Stresemann’s parallel talks > Treaty of Berlin (Apr 1926)

    = Mutual neutrality in case of outside & non-provoked attack on SU or G

    = Mutual non-participation in economic & financial boycotts vs. SU or G


Relations with poland

Relations with Poland

  • No ‘Eastern Locarno’ (1925): No guarantee of G-PL borders by any power

  • Treaty of Berlin further pressured on PL

  • Stresemann’s hoped for PL’s economic & financial collapse but PL saved by F

  • No concessions by PL vs. G: Valuable access to Baltic + nationalist sentiments

    = Eastern border still open wound for G


Relations with france

Relations with France

  • ‘Spirit of Locarno’ as good start

  • Hopeful meeting of Stresemann & Briand to solve economic problems in mutual interest but rejected in both countries (Sep 1926)

  • Briand-Kellogg Pact to outlaw aggressive wars with ca. 60 signatories as major success of Stresemann (1928)

  • Minor developments & general stagnation after 1928


Stresemann s merits

Stresemann’s merits

6 years of foreign politics under difficult conditions:

  • Combined peace & revision policies

  • Paved way for peaceful alteration of post-war order + brought G out of isolation

  • Bettered considerably relations of G with former enemies

  • Achieved UK + US support

  • Realistic attitude & ready to accept compromises

    = Improved position of G in international politics


  • Login