ASPECT (ВИД). Verbal Aspect for Elementary Russian. Depending on how you count them, English has as many as SEVENTEEN tenses. I spent a few hours reading the New Yorker last night, as I have done for many years. I might (correctly) say any or all of the following:. I read the New Yorker.
Verbal Aspect for Elementary Russian
Depending on how you count them, English has as many as SEVENTEEN tenses.
I spent a few hours reading the SEVENTEEN tenses.New Yorker last night, as I have done for many years. I might (correctly) say any or all of the following:
But you are unaware of it, since in English, choice of you get the idea.tense is also choice of aspect.Some tenses indicate perfective aspect, others imperfective.
In simplest terms, PERFECTIVE stresses the RESULT of an action while IMPERFECTIVE stresses the PROCESS.
I watched the Flintstones. (Perfective)
I was watching the Flintstones. (Imperfective)
Note that in English and in Russian, it’s very difficult to make denotative mistakes in aspectual choice. In other words, whatever choice I make, no one is going to be confused.
To form the FUTURE PERFECTIVE, just conjugate the perfective verbs as you would any first- or second-congugation verb: напишу, посмотрим, прочитаешь.
Just as in English, aspect reflects the speaker’s relationship (literally his view) on the event or action.
Do you want to stress the PROCESS (imperfective) or the RESULT (perfective) of an action?
Another way to think of it: Could you take a photograph of the sentence (perfective), or would you need to make a film (imperfective)?