WASTE WOOD UTILIZATION WORKSHOP Forest Sustainability Program for Baltimore County, MD - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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June 28, 2006. WASTE WOOD UTILIZATION WORKSHOP Forest Sustainability Program for Baltimore County, MD. Donald C. Outen, AICP Natural Resource Manager douten@co.ba.md.us 410-887-4488 x238. Department of Environmental Protection and Resource Management. Baltimore County

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WASTE WOOD UTILIZATION WORKSHOP Forest Sustainability Program for Baltimore County, MD

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June 28, 2006


Forest Sustainability Program for Baltimore County, MD

Donald C. Outen, AICP

Natural Resource Manager


410-887-4488 x238

Department of Environmental Protection and Resource Management

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Baltimore County

Renaissance Redevelopment

  • Forest Sustainability Strategy

  • Land Preservation Strategy

  • Water Quality & Watershed Restoration Program

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Water Quality Protection Ranking

Chesapeake Bay Program’s Resource Lands Assessment



Medium High


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Linking Communities to the Montreal Process Criteria & Indicators - County Pilot Projects

Wallowa Gogebic Baltimore

County County County

Land Area (sq. mi.)3,145 1,112 599

Population (2003)7,08217,329777,184

Population (2000)7,22617,370754,292

2000 Density (sq. mi.) 2.3 15.8 1,260.1

% Forest Cover 52% 80% 34%

% Publicly-owned forest 56% 52% 25%

Forest acres (1000’s)1,049 570 130

Wallowa County, OR Gogebic County, MI Baltimore County, MD

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Forest Sustainability

“meeting the needs of society today without diminishing the ability of future generations to meet their needs”

  • Montreal Process Criteria:

  • Conservation of Biological Diversity

  • 2. Maintenance of the Productive Capacity of Forest Ecosystems

  • 3. Maintenance of Forest Ecosystem Health and Vitality

  • 4. Conservation and Maintenance of Soil and Water Resources

  • 5. Maintenance of Forest Contribution to Global Carbon Cycles

  • 6. Maintenance and Enhancement of Long-Term Multiple Socio-Economic Benefits to Meet the Needs of Societies

  • Legal, Institutional, and Economic Framework for Forest Conservation and Sustainable Management


The MP Indicators measure forest sustainability at national levels.

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Inside the Urban-Rural Demarcation Line (URDL)

90% of the Population

33.6% of the Land

16.8% of the Forests

Forest (133k ac)




(adopted 1967)

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Baltimore County Forest Resources


  • forests cover only 34% of the County (v. pre-settlement ~95%)

  • 67% of forests on development sites are retained (Forest Conservation Act)

  • forest lost to development averages 230 acres per year


  • > 9,000 patches; mean patch size is 14.6 acres

  • ~ half < 0.25 acre; total 418 acres or 0.3% of forests

  • 315 patches > 100 acres; comprise 6.5% of patches and 62% of forests


  • 75% of forests are privately owned


  • est. >50,000 owners of forest patches

  • 32% of patches have 1 owner but total only 4% of forest acres


  • 13% of forests are “interior” (>500’ from a forest edge)


  • 52% of 100-foot stream buffer areas are forested

  • 28% of forest cover is located within 100-foot riparian buffer areas

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Forest Parcelization


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Forest Parcelization


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Developing a Forest Sustainability Program

  • Sustainability Issues and Indicators Forum (June 2003)

  • Stakeholder Steering Committee (July 2003)

  • Issues and Indicators Paper and web site (December 2003)

  • Draft Forest Sustainability Strategy (November 2005) – goals, actions and assessment needs for 15 sustainability issues

  • Partnership Memorandum of Understanding for Sustainable Forest Management (November 2005)

  • Strategy Implementation


User name: deprm Password: environment

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Forest Sustainability Strategy

  • 15 Ecological and Economic Sustainability Issues

  • 42 Proposed Goals

  • 101 Recommended Actions

  • 85 Recommended Assessment and Data Analyses


User name: deprm Password: environment

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Guiding Principles for Forest Sustainability

  • Proactive resource management v. “benign neglect” or chance.

  • Manage for both ecological and economic sustainability. Use the Montreal Process Criteria and Indicators framework.

  • County-wide management. Assure that “urban” forests and other treed areas not traditionally considered “forest” are included.

  • Address multiple stressors comprehensively.

  • Develop and use sustainability indicators, supported by adequate assessment and monitoring. Work with federal and State agencies on a Forest Health Monitoring program. Goal: “better data, better dialogue, better decisions.”

  • Favor non-regulatory means, including education, technical assistance, and financial incentives.

  • Institutionalize initiatives and integrate into existing land use and environmental programs.

  • Continue to facilitate participation of parties-at-interest (federal and state agencies, the forest industry, environmental organizations, and citizens)in an open process to implement forest sustainability.

  • Demonstrate leadership by example and make forest sustain-ability a priority for management of County-owned lands.

  • Report progress periodically to the County Council and the public. Maintain program website.


User name: deprm Password: environment

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Forest Sustainability Strategy

  • Ecological Sustainability Issues

  • Forest Cover Loss

  • Forest Fragmentation

  • Effects of Forest Loss on Water Quality and Quantity and Stream Function

  • Conservation of Biological Diversity

  • Exotic, Invasive Plant and Animal Species Invasion

  • Forests in Key Sensitive Areas (Riparian Buffers, Recharge Areas, Reservoir Watersheds)

  • Deer Browsing Threats to Forest Regeneration

  • Economic Sustainability Issues:

  • Valuing Forest Ecosystem Services

  • Reduction of Greenhouse Gases (Carbon Sequestration Market Mechanisms)

  • Landowner Attitudes Toward Forest Management

  • Public Education about Forest Science

  • Cost and Legal Barriers to Sustainable Forest Management

  • Markets for Local Forest Products Utilization

  • Timber Management for Sustainable Forests

  • Forest Management Plans for Publicly-Owned Forests


User name: deprm Password: environment

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Continuing Partnership for Implementing Forest Sustainability

  • MOU for Sustainable Forest Management (Nov. 2005)

  • Forest Sustainability Strategy

  • Roundtable on Sustainable Forests

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Implementing Forest Sustainability in Baltimore County


  • Retain existing forests to degree possible

  • Reforest priority environmental areas (riparian buffers, reservoirs, etc.)

  • Promote sustainable forest management by public and private sectors


  • Incorporate forest sustainability initiatives into regional Reservoir Watershed Management Agreement

  • Incorporate forest management as a water quality BMP for regulatory programs (NPDES, TMDLs)

  • Continue to implement Forest Sustainability Strategy through new partnerships and operating and capital budget initiatives

  • Incorporate forest resource assessments into community plans

  • Foster forest education and landowner stewardship

  • Encourage inter-agency development and adoption of forest and community sustainability indicators

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2006-2007 Work Program

  • Capital Budget Projects:

    • Growing Home Campaign

    • Rural Residential Stewardship Initiative

    • Forest Health Monitoring (FHM) Network

    • Urban Forest Assessment (UFORE)

    • Forest Markets – Carbon, Biomass/Renewable Energy, Timber and Alternative Forest Products

  • Urban Tree Canopy Goals Study

  • 5E Forum: Forest Strategy Implementation

    • Education, Ecology, Economics, Easements, and Env. Indicators actions in 2005 Forest Sustainability Strategy

  • Roundtable on Sustainable Forests:

    • County case study & outreach to local governments

  • American Planning Association:

    • PAS Report: Planning with Urban Forestry

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