19 th century isms
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19 th Century isms. Blame. The revolutionary zeal of the Fr Rev was blamed on enlightened ideals such as equality, constitutionalism, and national pride Those who upheld these ideals were called ‘liberals’ Thus, liberalism was born. Conservatism : Enemy of the liberal.

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19 th Century isms

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19 th century isms

19th Century isms


Blame

Blame

  • The revolutionary zeal of the Fr Rev was blamed on enlightened ideals such as equality, constitutionalism, and national pride

  • Those who upheld these ideals were called ‘liberals’

  • Thus, liberalism was born


Conservatism enemy of the liberal

Conservatism: Enemy of the liberal

  • Conservative = advocates status quo or a return to the old traditional ways


Most importantly conservatism places state interests above individual interests

Most Importantly, Conservatism places State Interests above Individual Interests


19 th century liberalism

19th Century Liberalism

  • Liberal = advocate of change

  • Two ‘branches’ of 19th century liberalism

    • Capitalism and laissez-faire

      (Classical Liberalism)

    • Socialism


Most importantly liberalism places individual interests above state interests

Most Importantly, Liberalism places Individual Interests above State Interests


Capitalism

Capitalism

  • Little to no government intervention in business

  • Private property rights

  • ‘Short term misery for long term gain’


Adam smith

Adam Smith

  • Supported laissez-faire economics

  • ‘Father of Capitalism’ (classical liberalism)

  • Invisible Hand concept

  • Private property


Socialism

Socialism

  • Advocates government intervention in business

  • Support worker

  • Numerous approaches:

    • Christian

    • Utopian

    • Scientific

    • Fabian


Karl marx scientific socialism

Karl MarxScientific Socialism

  • Historical phases

  • Proletariat vs capitalist

  • Alienation and exploitation

  • Bloody revolution

  • Communism as final stage


Side note in 20 th century america

Side Note…In 20th century America…

  • Conservative means less gov’t and advocates classical liberal ideas

  • Liberals are often seen as advocates of government intervention


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