Who Were the Pharisees?. How to analyze the historical sources. Professor Tzvee Zahavy April, 2002. When?. Before 70 CE. Time of… Nascent Christianity Roman Governance Political Tension Religious Effervescence. Pharisees. Hebrew xhaurp =Separatists
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How to analyze the historical sources
Influence in the Temple
Deviation of the accounts from those in the War
M. Smith: P’s now leading candidates for Roman support in Israel and already negotiating for it.
Fact: a political party
Fact: a “philosophical school”The Antiquities: 20 Years Later
A. Once: R. Ishmael and R. Eleazar ben Azariah were
staying in the same place. R. Ishmael was reclining and R.
Eleazar ben Azariah was standing upright. When the time
came to recite the ”Shema`, R. Ishmael arose and R. Eleazar
Ben Azariah reclined. B. Said to him R. Ishmael, "What is this, Eleazar?" C. He said to him, "Ishmael, my brother, they say to
one, `Why is your beard grown long?\', and he says to
them, `Let it serve [as a protest] against the destroyers.\' D. "[Just so] I, who was standing, reclined; and you,
who were reclining, arose." E. He [Ishmael] said to him, "You reclined to carry out
the words of the House of Shammai, and I arose to carry out
[the words of] the House of Hillel [M. Ber. 1:3]." F. Another version: "[I arose] so that the students
should not behold and establish the law according to your