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USING PHYSICAL ACTIVITY AS PUNISHMENT. The pro side presented by Lloyd Gage The con side presented by Joanna Street We both present this argument to the HHPR Graduate class and faculty. Using Physical Activity as Punishment. Why its not such a bad idea after all.

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Using physical activity as punishment l.jpg

USING PHYSICAL ACTIVITY AS PUNISHMENT

The pro side presented by Lloyd Gage

The con side presented by Joanna Street

We both present this argument to the HHPR Graduate class and faculty


Using physical activity as punishment2 l.jpg

Using Physical Activity as Punishment

Why its not such a bad idea after all


Is there really a problem some things to ask yourself before using physical activity as punishment l.jpg
Is there really a problem? Some things to ask yourself before using physical activity as punishment

  • Is the student really doing something wrong? Is there a real problem, or are you just tired and out of patients?

    • If there is no real problem, release your stress away from the student.

    • If there is a problem, go to the next question.

  • Think for a moment. Is your student actually capable of doing what you expect?

    • If you are not being realistic, re-evaluate your expectations.

    • If your expectation are fair, go to the next question.

  • Did your student know at the time that he/she was doing something wrong?

    • If your student did not realize he/she was doing something wrong, help him/her understand what you expect, why, and how they can do that. Offer to help.

    • If your student knew what she was doing was wrong, and they did it intentionally, then your student misbehaved. And this has to be fixed.


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    Responding to misbehavior before using physical activity as punishment

    • Natural consequences

      • Allowing children to experience the consequences of their behavior is also called learning the hard way.

  • Logical consequences

    • These are structured consequences that follow specific misbehaviors. The child should see how the behavior and the consequences are directly related.

  • Fix-up

    • If children damage something, they need to help in fixing it or cleaning it up. If they cause some distress, they should help in relieving that.


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    Responding to misbehavior cont... before using physical activity as punishment

    • Time out

      • During time out, students are required to spend time alone in a specific place that has few, if any rewarding characteristics.

  • Redirection

    • This strategy can work when you notice that student is not following the rules and is being cooperative. Quickly, and quietly get the student’s attention and introduce another activity.


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    Reasons for misbehavior before using physical activity as punishment

    • Don’t want to participate

    • Aren’t interested in the activity

    • Lazy

    • Problem Child – constantly misbehaves, always in trouble

    • Testing the rules of the class and teacher

    • Don’t understand the rules

    • Copy the actions of their parents


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    Keep the kids moving before using physical activity as punishment

    • Don’t allow for inactivity to be an option

    • Keep them from avoiding activity by allowing them to sit out or not dressing down


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    Problem Solver before using physical activity as punishment

    • Make an Example

    • Students will learn, and understand what will happen if they misbehave

    • Remove the distraction, don’t allow one person to bring the entire class down

    • Very Effective short term and long term


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    You’re not the only one before using physical activity as punishment

    • Currently 35 states don’t discourage nor prohibit the use of physical activity as a form of punishment - National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion

    • Works in the Military

    • Works in Athletics

    • Why not PE?


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    It’s the FEAR FACTOR before using physical activity as punishment

    • You’re only going to have to make an example of your students one time

    • The other students will recognize and remember

    • Fear is a powerful tool

    • Toughen your students up


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    PSYCHOLOGY 101 before using physical activity as punishment

    • It's sort of right out of psych 101...if we want to encourage a behavior we need to provide positive feedback to reward it, and if we want to stop a behavior we need to provide negative feedback to discourage it.


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    How to make it work before using physical activity as punishment

    • Set clear, consistent rules

    • Make certain the environments is safe and worry-free.

    • Show interest in the child’s activities.

    • Encourage self-control by providing meaningful choices.

    • Focus on the desired behavior, rather than the one to be avoided


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    And if that doesn’t work… before using physical activity as punishment

    • Make an example out of somebody

    • Get control of your classroom/gym back

    • Take charge

    • Assign a form of physical activity as a punishment to the off-task student (s)

      • Running laps, lines, in place

      • Push-ups

      • Curl-ups

      • Jumping Jacks


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    Time Outs are alright, but check this out! before using physical activity as punishment

    • When I was a kid my coach would punish us by making us run laps. He would make us carry a billiard 8-ball while running. He wanted us to realize that the eight-ball was the odd ball out in the game of pool just like I was as I ran those laps. I say to those psychologists, "I remembered". In fact every time I see a pool table I remember.


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    Using Physical Activity as Punishment before using physical activity as punishment

    Why it’s not a good idea


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    Corporal Punishment before using physical activity as punishment

    A punishment for some violation

    of conduct which involves the

    infliction of pain on, or harm to

    the body


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    Using physical activity as punishment also borderlines corporal punishment

    1.The 1988 Program Advisory on Corporal Punishment included the following actions as examples of a prohibited activity (considered corporal punishment):


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    Making unruly students do push-ups, run corporal punishment

    laps, or perform other physical acts that

    cause pain or discomfort.

    -The 1988 Program Advisory on Corporal Punishment


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    Corporal Punishment is legal in 23 states…is it legal in yours?

    -National Coalition to Abolish Corporal Punishment in Schools


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    Lets Move On… yours?

    The Center for Disease Control has 10

    Recommendations for ensuring quality physical

    activity programs…

    • Under the 2nd recommendation is the need to provide physical and social environments that encourage and enable young people to engage in safe and enjoyable physical activity …


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    And this means… yours?

    • Discourage the use or withholding of physical activity as punishment


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    Using your head…Appropriate instruction yours?

    • Full inclusion of all students

    • Maximum practice opportunities for class activities

    • Well-designed lessons that facilitate student learning

    • Out of school assignments that support learning and practice

    • No physical activity for punishment

    • Uses regular assessment to monitor and reinforce student learning

      -National Association for Sport and Physical Education


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    Psychology 102 yours?

    Teachers, parents and youth coaches

    should avoid the use of exercise as

    punishment for bad behavior. This implies

    that exercise is not fun, just the opposite of

    what should be promoted.

    -American Academy of Pediatrics



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    The Hershey Foods Corporation has yours?

    Provided several recommendations

    for promoting physical activity in

    young people in school, community,

    and home settings with one of which

    being….


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    Discourage the practice of withholding physical yours?

    activity (recess, free play) as punishment or

    using physical activity (laps, pushups) as a

    punishment.

    -Hershey Foods Corporation


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    Not to “beat a dead horse”, but… yours?

    The National Association of State Boards

    of Education lists Sample Policies to

    Encourage Physical Activity, under the

    physical education policy:


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    “Teachers shall aim to develop students‘ yours?

    self-confidence and maintain a safe

    psychological environment free of

    embarrassment, humiliation, shaming,

    taunting, or harassment of any kind.

    Physical education staff shall not order

    performance of physical activity as a form

    of discipline or punishment.”

    -National Association of State Boards of Education


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    Instead of using exercise as punishment… yours?

    Use a positive discipline approach:

    • Plan lessons for student success as this helps create a positive learning environment where discipline issues do not surface as frequently

    • Make sure students understand that you care about them as people, and that your job is to help them learn things that will help them in "real life".

      -Concerned Adults for for Physical Education Reform


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    " yours?Teachers do not punish children with reading and then expect them to develop a joy for reading."

    - California Association of Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance


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    Joanna’s References yours?

    American Academy of Pediatrics

    http://www.aap.org/family/physicalactivity/physicalactivity.htm

    California Association of Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance

    http://www.cahperd.org/

    Center for Disease Control

    http://www.cdc.gov/nccdphp/dash/physicalactivity/guidelines/summary.htm

    Concerned Adults and Students for Physical Education Reform

    http://www.csuchico.edu/casper/insteadofthis.html


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    National Association for Sport and Physical Education yours?

    http://www.aahperd.org/naspe/template.cfm?template=qualityPePrograms.html

    National Association of State Boards of Education

    http://www.nasbe.org/HealthySchools/physical_activity.html

    National Coalition to Abolish Corporal Punishment in Schools

    http://www.stophitting.com/disatschool/

    The 1988 Program Advisory on Corporal Punishment

    http://www.pesoftware.com/Resources/exercise.html

    Topics in Nutrition. Hershey Foods Corporation. http://www.hersheys.com/nutrition/interventions.html


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    Lloyd’s Resources yours?

    • Human Environmental Sciences Publication GH6119 — Reviewed February 1, 2001 http://muextension.missouri.edu/explore/hesguide/humanrel/gh6119.htm

    • The Coaching Store – http://www.thecoachingstore.com

    • Discipline - http://www.airpower.maxwell.af.mil/airchronicles/aureview/1981/may-jun/mcbride.htm

    • National Center for Chronic Disease prevention and Health promotion - http://www.cdc.gov/nccdphp/


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