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USING PHYSICAL ACTIVITY AS PUNISHMENT. The pro side presented by Lloyd Gage The con side presented by Joanna Street We both present this argument to the HHPR Graduate class and faculty. Using Physical Activity as Punishment. Why its not such a bad idea after all.

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using physical activity as punishment

USING PHYSICAL ACTIVITY AS PUNISHMENT

The pro side presented by Lloyd Gage

The con side presented by Joanna Street

We both present this argument to the HHPR Graduate class and faculty

using physical activity as punishment2

Using Physical Activity as Punishment

Why its not such a bad idea after all

is there really a problem some things to ask yourself before using physical activity as punishment
Is there really a problem? Some things to ask yourself before using physical activity as punishment
  • Is the student really doing something wrong? Is there a real problem, or are you just tired and out of patients?
        • If there is no real problem, release your stress away from the student.
        • If there is a problem, go to the next question.
  • Think for a moment. Is your student actually capable of doing what you expect?
        • If you are not being realistic, re-evaluate your expectations.
        • If your expectation are fair, go to the next question.
  • Did your student know at the time that he/she was doing something wrong?
        • If your student did not realize he/she was doing something wrong, help him/her understand what you expect, why, and how they can do that. Offer to help.
        • If your student knew what she was doing was wrong, and they did it intentionally, then your student misbehaved. And this has to be fixed.
responding to misbehavior
Responding to misbehavior
  • Natural consequences
        • Allowing children to experience the consequences of their behavior is also called learning the hard way.
  • Logical consequences
        • These are structured consequences that follow specific misbehaviors. The child should see how the behavior and the consequences are directly related.
  • Fix-up
        • If children damage something, they need to help in fixing it or cleaning it up. If they cause some distress, they should help in relieving that.
responding to misbehavior cont
Responding to misbehavior cont...
  • Time out
        • During time out, students are required to spend time alone in a specific place that has few, if any rewarding characteristics.
  • Redirection
        • This strategy can work when you notice that student is not following the rules and is being cooperative. Quickly, and quietly get the student’s attention and introduce another activity.
reasons for misbehavior
Reasons for misbehavior
  • Don’t want to participate
  • Aren’t interested in the activity
  • Lazy
  • Problem Child – constantly misbehaves, always in trouble
  • Testing the rules of the class and teacher
  • Don’t understand the rules
  • Copy the actions of their parents
keep the kids moving
Keep the kids moving
  • Don’t allow for inactivity to be an option
  • Keep them from avoiding activity by allowing them to sit out or not dressing down
problem solver
Problem Solver
  • Make an Example
  • Students will learn, and understand what will happen if they misbehave
  • Remove the distraction, don’t allow one person to bring the entire class down
  • Very Effective short term and long term
you re not the only one
You’re not the only one
  • Currently 35 states don’t discourage nor prohibit the use of physical activity as a form of punishment - National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion
  • Works in the Military
  • Works in Athletics
  • Why not PE?
it s the fear factor
It’s the FEAR FACTOR
  • You’re only going to have to make an example of your students one time
  • The other students will recognize and remember
  • Fear is a powerful tool
  • Toughen your students up
psychology 101
PSYCHOLOGY 101
  • It\'s sort of right out of psych 101...if we want to encourage a behavior we need to provide positive feedback to reward it, and if we want to stop a behavior we need to provide negative feedback to discourage it.
how to make it work
How to make it work
  • Set clear, consistent rules
  • Make certain the environments is safe and worry-free.
  • Show interest in the child’s activities.
  • Encourage self-control by providing meaningful choices.
  • Focus on the desired behavior, rather than the one to be avoided
and if that doesn t work
And if that doesn’t work…
  • Make an example out of somebody
  • Get control of your classroom/gym back
  • Take charge
  • Assign a form of physical activity as a punishment to the off-task student (s)
        • Running laps, lines, in place
        • Push-ups
        • Curl-ups
        • Jumping Jacks
time outs are alright but check this out
Time Outs are alright, but check this out!
  • When I was a kid my coach would punish us by making us run laps. He would make us carry a billiard 8-ball while running. He wanted us to realize that the eight-ball was the odd ball out in the game of pool just like I was as I ran those laps. I say to those psychologists, "I remembered". In fact every time I see a pool table I remember.
using physical activity as punishment15

Using Physical Activity as Punishment

Why it’s not a good idea

corporal punishment
Corporal Punishment

A punishment for some violation

of conduct which involves the

infliction of pain on, or harm to

the body

using physical activity as punishment also borderlines corporal punishment
Using physical activity as punishment also borderlines corporal punishment

1.The 1988 Program Advisory on Corporal Punishment included the following actions as examples of a prohibited activity (considered corporal punishment):

slide18
Making unruly students do push-ups, run

laps, or perform other physical acts that

cause pain or discomfort.

-The 1988 Program Advisory on Corporal Punishment

slide19
Corporal Punishment is legal in 23 states…is it legal in yours?

-National Coalition to Abolish Corporal Punishment in Schools

lets move on
Lets Move On…

The Center for Disease Control has 10

Recommendations for ensuring quality physical

activity programs…

  • Under the 2nd recommendation is the need to provide physical and social environments that encourage and enable young people to engage in safe and enjoyable physical activity …
and this means
And this means…
  • Discourage the use or withholding of physical activity as punishment
using your head appropriate instruction
Using your head…Appropriate instruction
  • Full inclusion of all students
  • Maximum practice opportunities for class activities
  • Well-designed lessons that facilitate student learning
  • Out of school assignments that support learning and practice
  • No physical activity for punishment
  • Uses regular assessment to monitor and reinforce student learning

-National Association for Sport and Physical Education

slide23

Psychology 102

Teachers, parents and youth coaches

should avoid the use of exercise as

punishment for bad behavior. This implies

that exercise is not fun, just the opposite of

what should be promoted.

-American Academy of Pediatrics

slide25
The Hershey Foods Corporation has

Provided several recommendations

for promoting physical activity in

young people in school, community,

and home settings with one of which

being….

slide26
Discourage the practice of withholding physical

activity (recess, free play) as punishment or

using physical activity (laps, pushups) as a

punishment.

-Hershey Foods Corporation

not to beat a dead horse but
Not to “beat a dead horse”, but…

The National Association of State Boards

of Education lists Sample Policies to

Encourage Physical Activity, under the

physical education policy:

slide28
“Teachers shall aim to develop students‘

self-confidence and maintain a safe

psychological environment free of

embarrassment, humiliation, shaming,

taunting, or harassment of any kind.

Physical education staff shall not order

performance of physical activity as a form

of discipline or punishment.”

-National Association of State Boards of Education

instead of using exercise as punishment
Instead of using exercise as punishment…

Use a positive discipline approach:

  • Plan lessons for student success as this helps create a positive learning environment where discipline issues do not surface as frequently
  • Make sure students understand that you care about them as people, and that your job is to help them learn things that will help them in "real life".

-Concerned Adults for for Physical Education Reform

slide30
"Teachers do not punish children with reading and then expect them to develop a joy for reading."

- California Association of Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance

joanna s references
Joanna’s References

American Academy of Pediatrics

http://www.aap.org/family/physicalactivity/physicalactivity.htm

California Association of Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance

http://www.cahperd.org/

Center for Disease Control

http://www.cdc.gov/nccdphp/dash/physicalactivity/guidelines/summary.htm

Concerned Adults and Students for Physical Education Reform

http://www.csuchico.edu/casper/insteadofthis.html

slide32
National Association for Sport and Physical Education

http://www.aahperd.org/naspe/template.cfm?template=qualityPePrograms.html

National Association of State Boards of Education

http://www.nasbe.org/HealthySchools/physical_activity.html

National Coalition to Abolish Corporal Punishment in Schools

http://www.stophitting.com/disatschool/

The 1988 Program Advisory on Corporal Punishment

http://www.pesoftware.com/Resources/exercise.html

Topics in Nutrition. Hershey Foods Corporation. http://www.hersheys.com/nutrition/interventions.html

lloyd s resources
Lloyd’s Resources
  • Human Environmental Sciences Publication GH6119 — Reviewed February 1, 2001 http://muextension.missouri.edu/explore/hesguide/humanrel/gh6119.htm
  • The Coaching Store – http://www.thecoachingstore.com
  • Discipline - http://www.airpower.maxwell.af.mil/airchronicles/aureview/1981/may-jun/mcbride.htm
  • National Center for Chronic Disease prevention and Health promotion - http://www.cdc.gov/nccdphp/
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