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Universal Design for Learning "The world is harder when it is not conceived for you." http://www.ad-awards.com/inc/video.swf?id=104 WHAT IS UNIVERSAL DESIGN?

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slide2

"The world is harder when it is not conceived for you."

http://www.ad-awards.com/inc/video.swf?id=104

what is universal design
WHAT IS UNIVERSAL DESIGN?

The design of products and environments to be usable by all people, to the greatest extent possible, without the need for adaptation or specialized design.

why use univeral design
WHY USE UNIVERAL DESIGN?

Audiences have -

  • A variety of cultural, ethnic and racial backgrounds
  • Distinct learning styles
  • Different primary languages
  • Different abilities
slide9
These differences mean that people do no receive, process, or remember information in the same ways
learning styles
Visual

pictures

diagrams

colors

shapes

Auditory

lectures

music

rhythms

Learning Styles

Kinesthetic

lab exercises

demonstrations

building

sculpting

drawing

1989 research gerber characteristics of how to achieve success
Control: Internal

Desire

Goal Orientation

Reframing

Adaptability: External

Persistence

Goodness of Fit

Learned Creativity

Social Ecology

1989 Research – GERBERCharacteristics of How to Achieve Success

Personality Styles

slide12
Verbal IQ

Information:A measure of general knowledge.

Digit Span:A test of immediate auditory recall and freedom from distraction.

Vocabulary:A measure of expressive word knowledge. It correlates very highly with Full Scale IQ

Learning Challenges

slide13
Verbal IQ

Arithmetic:Mental arithmetic brief story type problems. Tests distractibility as well as numerical reasoning.

Comprehension:Focuses on issues of social awareness.

Similarities:A measure of concept formation.

Learning Challenges

slide14
Performance

Picture Completion: A test of attention to fine detail.

Picture Arrangement: A test of logical sequencing.

Block Design: Involves putting sets of blocks together to match patterns on cards.

Learning Challenges

slide15
Performance

Digit Symbol: Involves copying a coding pattern.

Object Assembly: Four small jig-saw type puzzles.

Learning Challenges

processing deficits
PROCESSING DEFICITS
  • Visual Perception & Discrimination

Not seeing likenesses and differences in shape and form — as in letters, words and numbers.

  • Language Processing

Difficulty with word attack, phonics, word identification, sequencing, fluency, comprehension

processing deficits17
PROCESSING DEFICITS
  • Auditory Perception/Discrimination

Not hearing differences in similar sounds, not hearing high range or low range sounds

  • Executive Functions

Memory, organization, prioritizing, analysis, synthesis

learning processes
Learning Processes
  • Intake information
  • Process information
  • Output information
  • Apply learning in new situations
planning for universal design
PLANNING FOR UNIVERSAL DESIGN

Identify the student’s

  • learning style
  • personality characteristics
  • learning challenges
planning for universal design20
PLANNING FOR UNIVERSAL DESIGN

Identify the teacher’s

  • teaching style
  • academic expectations
  • flexibility
planning for universal design21
PLANNING FOR UNIVERSAL DESIGN

1. Identify the essential components of the lecture, presentation, activity, project

slide22
2. How can the information be presented in the most inclusive way possible without compromising the essential components identified?
planning for universal design23
PLANNING FOR UNIVERSAL DESIGN

Plan for success

  • advance preparation
  • communication
  • flexibility
presentation challenges
PRESENTATION CHALLENGES
  • Sustained concentration
  • Auditory reception/processing
  • Retention of oral information
  • Fluency in spoken language
  • Note taking
  • Reading/writing skills
presentation challenges25
PRESENTATION CHALLENGES
  • Processing speed (requires simultaneous visual, auditory and manual processes)
  • Interpersonal communication skills
  • Evaluation / prioritization difficulties
evaluation challenges
EVALUATION CHALLENGES
  • Tests, Reports, Presentations
    • Reading comprehension
    • Memory
    • Language processing
    • Interpretation
    • Organization
evaluation challenges27
EVALUATION CHALLENGES
  • Tests, Reports, Presentations
    • Environmental issues (noise, other distractions)
    • Anxiety issues
    • Time management
strategies for success
STRATEGIES FOR SUCCESS
  • Visual Perception/Discrimination
    • Provide information in auditory format
        • e-text, audio text
        • talking dictionary
        • talking word processor
        • talking calculator
strategies for success29
STRATEGIES FOR SUCCESS
  • Language Processing
    • Provide information in multiple formats
        • e-text/audio text & printed text
        • talking word processor & voice recognition software
slide30
audible spell check, grammar check
  • Franklin speller w/voice
strategies for success31
STRATEGIES FOR SUCCESS
  • Auditory Perception/ Discrimination
    • Provide information in visual format
        • Voice recognition software
        • Copies of notes
        • Powerpoint, interactive boards
slide32
Mark

I am a 19 year old male with learning disabilities attending college.I rarely read except for the times that I am really interested in the subject matter.

When I need to read and study textbooks, I read out loud, tape myself, and play back the tape repeatedly.

I can get by with this method but I need a more efficient means to absorb what I read.

“What can I do to stop the insanity?”

mark s action plan
LD Screening and/or Evaluation

Visual Perception & Discrimination

Auditory Perception & Discrimination

Assistive Technology Evaluation, Software/Equipment & Training

AT for reading and writing

Testing Accommodations and Modifications

Goals

4 year degree

Speech Communication

Increase Reading and Writing skills

Personal Budget Planning

Mark’s Action Plan
slide34

The “rate” at which you learn will become the only sustainable competitive advantage you’ll have in your life.

Peter Senge (The Fifth Discipline)

tools for success
TOOLS FOR SUCCESS

Technology provides the tools to function effectively and independently

microsoft word
Microsoft Word
  • Auto-correct
  • Auto text
  • Auto summarize
  • Outlook
  • Templates
  • Formatting
  • Highlighters
microsoft accessible technology
Microsoft Accessible Technology
  • Accessibility Resource Centers
    • http://www.microsoft.com/enable/centers/default.aspx
  • Resource Guide for Individuals with Learning Difficulties and Impairments
    • http://www.microsoft.com/enable/guides/learning.aspx
apple s accessibility features http www apple com accessibility
Apple’s Accessibility Featureshttp://www.apple.com/accessibility/
  • Accessibility Technologies in Mac OS X:
  • Zoom
  • Full keyboard navigation
  • Sticky keys/Slow keys
  • Mouse keys
  • QuickTime: Closed Captioning
  • Visual Alert
  • Spoken items
  • Talking alerts
  • Speech recognition
  • Display Adjustment
reading tools
Reading Tools
  • Kurzweil 3000
    • http://www.kurzweiledu.com/
  • WYNN (What You Need Now)
    • http://www.bookshare.org/web/Welcome.html
  • Read & Write Gold
    • www.texthelp.com
reading tools40
Reading Tools
  • Scan and Read Pro
    • www.readingmadeez.com
  • Digital text
    • Publishers
    • In house production
    • Production centers
accessing alternative text
Accessing Alternative Text
  • Recording for the Blind & Dyslexic
    • http://www.rfbd.org/
  • BookShare.org
    • http://www.bookshare.org/web/Welcome.html
  • AMX Index Data Base
    • http://www.htctu.fhda.edu/
  • AMAC
    • www.uga.edu
playback devices
Playback Devices
  • General Purpose vs. Specialized
  • Hardware vs. Software
  • Depends on format of

e-text

writing tools
Writing Tools
  • Inspiration

www.inspiration.com

  • SOLO, Draft Builder, CoWriter, Write OutLoud
    • www.donjohnston.com
  • Read & Write Gold
    • www.texthelp.com
writing tools44
Writing Tools
  • Talking word processor
    • www.readingmadeez.com
  • WordQ
    • www.wordq.com
premier assistive software
Complete Reading System

E-Library/E-Text reader

Talking Internet Browser

PDF Magic Pro

Scan and Read Lite/Pro

Scan and View

Talking Word Processor

Text Clone Pro

Ultimate Talking Dictionary

Universal Reader

Premier Assistive Software
writing tools46
Writing Tools
  • SOLO

is a software tool

set that builds

learning skills in

reading, writing,

planning,

organizing, revising and editing

writing tools47
Writing Tools

Draft:Builderhelps your students develop a strategic approach to planning, organizing and draft-writing; it breaks the writing process into small, manageable chunks so students stay on task and build effective writing habits.

wordq www wordq com
WordQwww.wordq.com
  • Predicts what you are typing and presents you with a list of correctly spelled words. 
  • 30 day download
voice recognition
Voice Recognition
  • Words appear on screen and in memos, emails, spreadsheets and other documents
  • 160 words per minute
  • Surf the web by voice
  • Dictate into a handheld digital recorder for automatic transcription later
  • Text to Speech

Dragon Naturally

Speaking

digital voice recorder
Digital Voice Recorder
  • Speech-to-text software
  • Download to computer, save on CD, iPod, or other device
slide51
Countdown timer
  • Event link calendar
  • Multiple alarms
  • Easy-to-read, large digit display
  • Works with MICROSOFT® OUTLOOK® messaging and collaboration client
resources
Resources
  • Universal Design Education Online
    • www.udeducation.org/
  • Center for Applied Special Technology (CAST)
    • www.cast.org/research/udl
  • DO-IT (University of Washington)
    • www.washington.edu/doit/Faculty/Strategies/ Universal
  • FacultyWare (University of Connecticut)
    • www.facultyware.uconn.edu/home.cfm
resources53
Resources
  • Universal Design Education Project, University of Oregon
    • www.uoregon.edu/~sij/udep/
  • University of Wisconsin/Milwaukee, Universal Design in Education
    • www.uwm.edu/~edyburn/ud.html
  • Utah State University – ASD Project
    • http://asd.usu.edu/
resources54
Resources
  • University of Minnesota, Curriculum Transformation and Disability (CTAD)
    • www.gen.umn.edu/research/ctad/default.htm
  • University of Connecticut, Center on Postsecondary Education and Disability (CPED)
    • http://vm.uconn.edu/~wwwcped/index.html
resources55
Resources
  • The Ohio State University, Partnership Grant: Improving the Quality of Higher Education for Students with Disabilities
    • http://telr.osu.edu/dpg/index.html
  • University of Guelph, Universal Instructional Design, Teacher Support Services (TSS)
    • www.tss.uoguelph.ca/uid/index.html
  • AHEAD “Universal Design for Inclusive Lectures and Presentations”
  • www.ahead.org/publications.php#Brochures
slide56
Carol Pope

Kennesaw State University

1000 Chastain Rd. #0502

Kennesaw, GA 30144

770-423-6443

770-423-6667F

770-423-6480TTY

LDA 44th Annual International Conference

Feb. 14-17, 2007

Pittsburgh, PA

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