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Sociological Theories: The Anomie Strain Theory Part I. Society is an Underachiever. We Live in a Stratified Society. Poverty Creates. Lower self Worth Advertising Campaigns are about Owning new and better things Inadequate Living Conditions Housing Health Care Disrupted Lives.

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Sociological Theories: The Anomie Strain Theory Part I

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Sociological theories the anomie strain theory part i l.jpg

Sociological Theories: The Anomie Strain Theory Part I

Society is an Underachiever


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We Live in a Stratified Society


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Poverty Creates

  • Lower self Worth

    • Advertising Campaigns are about Owning new and better things

  • Inadequate Living Conditions

    • Housing

    • Health Care

    • Disrupted Lives


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Strain and Cultural Deviance Theories


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Emile Durkheim(1858-1917)Structural-Functionalist

Structural-Functionalist perspective was developed by Emile Durkheim


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The Structural-Functional Perspective

  • Cohesion

  • Cooperation

  • Consensus


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Strain Theorists

A Strain Theorist is a Criminologist who views crime as a product of Lower Class Strain and Anger


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Strain Theory

  • Argues that all members of society subscribe to one set of cultural values—that of the middle class

  • ANOMIE (from a nomos, without norms-not normal)


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Rapid Social Change Causes Crime

  • Mechanical Solidarity

    • Held together by traditions, shared values and beliefs

  • Organic Solidarity

    • People are Connected by their needs created by the division of labor


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POVERTY

  • Development of isolated lower class culture

  • Lack of conventional social opporturnities

  • Racial and Ethnic Discrimination


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Maintenance of Conventional Rules and Norms

  • Lower Class Residents Remain Loyal to Values of the DOMINANT Middle Class


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Strain

  • The Lower Class wants the success level of the Middle Class, Creating Strain

  • There are Fewer Opportunities for this Success (Unequal Distribution of Means to Achieve Goals)


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Formation of Gangs and Disruptive Groups

  • If Success cannot be attained by the same route the Middle Class can do it, The Lower Class can be successful by violating the Law


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Crime

  • Innovation

    • I cannot achieve through legitimate means

  • Retreatism

    • Reject the Goals, Withdraw Mentally or Physically

  • Rebellion

    • New Goals


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