RECOVERY and RECONSTRUCTION after the PAKISTAN EARTHQUAKE - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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RECOVERY and RECONSTRUCTION after the PAKISTAN EARTHQUAKE CHOOSING OPTIONS THAT WILL FACILITATE LONG-TERM RECOVERY FROM THE OCTOBER 8, 2005 DISASTER OCTOBER 8, 2005 PAKISTAN EARTHQUAKE LONG-TERM RECOVERY NEEDS AFTER PAKISTAN EARTHQUAKE

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RECOVERY and RECONSTRUCTION after the PAKISTAN EARTHQUAKE

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RECOVERY and RECONSTRUCTION after the PAKISTAN EARTHQUAKE

CHOOSING OPTIONS THAT WILL FACILITATE LONG-TERM RECOVERY FROM THE OCTOBER 8, 2005 DISASTER


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OCTOBER 8, 2005 PAKISTAN EARTHQUAKE


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LONG-TERM RECOVERY NEEDS AFTER PAKISTAN EARTHQUAKE

  • NEED 2 TO 3 MILLION NEW DWELLINGS THAT ARE EARTHQUAKE RESILIENT.

  • NEED NEW SCHOOLS THAT ARE EARTHQUAKE RESILIENT.

  • NEED NEW HOSPITALS THAT ARE EARTHQUAKE RESILIENT.

  • NEED INFRASTRUCTURE THAT IS EARTHQUAKE RESILIENT.


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GOAL

  • TO MARSHAL AND INTEGRATE THE COMMUNITY’S STAPLE FORCES,..

  • …GIVING THEM EQUITY IN DESIGNING PROCESSES FOR BECOMING EARTHQUAKE RESILIENT.


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TO BECOME RESILIENT TO GROUND SHAKING, LANDSLIDES, AND AFTERSHOCKS

TO ADOPT AND IMPLEMENT PUBLIC POLICY MANDATES FOR MITIGATION, PREPAREDNESS, EMERGENCY RESPONSE, AND RECOVERY AND RECONSTRUCTION

OBJECTIVES


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USE STATE-OF-ART TOOLS FOR ASSESSING HAZARDS AND RISK (E.G., GROUND SHAKING MAPS AND HAZUS)

USE PROVEN TECHNOLOGY FOR REDUCING VULNERABILITY IN THE BUILT ENVIRONMENT(E.G., ENERGY DISSIPATION)

OBJECTIVES


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INCREASED PUBLIC AWARENESS

IMPROVED PROFESSIONAL EDUCATION AND TRAINING

EXPANDED MONITORING AND WARNING SYSTEMS

MODERN BUILDING CODES FOR NEW BUILDINGS

MODERN STANDARDS FOR NEW INFRASTRUCTURE

STRENGTHENING AND RETROFIT FOR EXISTING STRUCTURES

EXPANDED INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION

PROCESSES FOR BECOMING EARTHQUAKE RESILIENT


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IN-COUNTRY BASIC AND APPLIED RESEARCH

LESSONS FROM THE OCTOBER 8, 2005 DISASTER

MAPS

INFORMATION

GUIDELINES FOR APPLICATIONS BY EMERGENCY MANAGERS, BUILDING OFFICIALS, AND URBAN PLANNERS

STARTING POINTS


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LESSONS FROM PAKISTAN EARTHQUAKE

  • THE EARTHQUAKE OCCURRED ALONG THE MAIN BOUNDARY THRUST ZONE (MBT).

  • THE MBT RUNS ALONG THE HIMALAYAN ARC FOR ABOUT 2,500 KM..


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LESSONS FROM PAKISTAN EARTHQUAKE

  • CONSTRUCTION WAS MAINLY CONCENTRATED ON THE FLOOD- PLAIN DEPOSITS OF THE NEEHLAN, JAHLUM, AND KUNHAR RIVERS.

  • BUILDINGS IM MUZAFFARABAD SITED ON SAND AND GRAVEL DEPOSITS WERE SEVERELY DAMAGED.

  • BUILDINGS SITED ON ROCK WERE NOT SEVERELY DAMAGED.


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  • HAZARD MAPS

  • INVENTORY

  • VULNERABILITY

  • LOCATION

  • MITIGATION

  • PREPAREDNESS

  • EMERGENCY RESPONSE

  • RECOVERY and

  • RECONSTRUCTION

RISK ASSESSMENT

RISK MANAGEMENT

ACCEPTABLE RISK

RISK

UNACCEPTABLE RISK

TOWARDS EARTHQUAKE RESILIENCE

DATA BASES AND INFORMATION

COMMUNITY

HAZARDS: GROUND SHAKING GROUND FAILURE SURFACE FAULTING TECTONIC DEFORMATION TSUNAMI RUN UP AFTERSHOCKS


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IMPORTANCE AND VALUE OF STRUCTURE

EXPOSURE MODEL

VULNERABILTY MODEL

SEISMOTECTONIC SETTING

LOCATION OF STRUCTURE

QUALITY OF DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION

RESISTANCE TO LATERAL FORCES

POLITICAL PROCESS

MITIGATION COSTS

EXPERIENCE AND RESEARCH

DAMAGE ALDORITHM

INCORPORATE NEW KNOWLEDGE

INSPECTION AND REGULATION

EARTHQUAKE HAZARDS MODEL

ACCEPTABLE RISK

IMPLEMENTATION OF SEISMIC SAFETY POLICY

ASSESSMENT OF RISK


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OPTIONS FOR EARTHQUAKE DISASTER RESILIENCE

WHAT IS THE BENEFIT/COST OF EACH ONE?

HOW QUICKLY CAN EACH OPTION BE IMPLEMENTED?


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BENEFIT/COST

BUILDING CODE WITH SEISMIC DESIGN PROVISIONS

PREVENTS COLLAPSE AND REDUCES LOSS OF LIFE AND DAMAGE

1 < BENEFIT/COST < 1,000


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BENEFIT/COST

STANDARDS FOR LIFELINE SYSTEMS

PROTECTS COMMUNITY INFRASTRUCTURE

1 < BENEFIT/COST < 1,000


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BENEFIT/COST

DEMOLITION OF COLLAPSE HAZARD BUILDINGS

PREVENT COLLAPSE AND LOSS OF LIFE

1 < BENEFIT/COST < 1,000


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BENEFIT/COST

SEISMIC ZONATION

AVOIDS LOCATIONS MOST SUSCEPTIBLE TO STRONG SHAKING, SURFACE FAULTING, SOIL AMPLIFICATION, AND SOIL FAILURE

1 < BENEFIT/COST < 100


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BENEFIT/COST

RETROFIT AND STRENGTHENING

PREVENT COLLAPSE; ELIMINATE VULNERABILITIES; REDUCE DAMAGE

1 < BENEFIT/COST < 100


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BENEFIT/COST

EDUCATION AND TRAINING TO IMPLEMENT CHANGE

EXPANDS PROFESSIONAL AND POLITICAL CAPACITY

1 < BENEFIT/COST < 100


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BENEFIT/COST

SOILREMEDIATION

PREVENTS LIQUEFACTION, LANDSLIDES, AND LATERAL SPREADS

1 < BENEFIT/COST < 100


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BENEFIT/COST

PERFORMANCE BASED DESIGN

PREVENTS LOSS OF FUNCTION AND USE OF MOST IMPORTANT STRUCTURES

1 < BENEFIT/COST < 100


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BENEFIT/COST

URBAN AND LAND-USE PLANNING

FACILITATES AVOIDANCE STRATEGIES

1 < BENEFIT/COST < 10


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BENEFIT/COST

DISASTER SCENARIONS

FACILITATES PREPARATION FOR EXPECTED AND UNEXPECTED

1< BENEFIT/COST < 10


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BENEFIT/COST

RELOCATION AND REROUTING

REDUCES LIKELIHOOD OF DAMAGE AND LOSS

1< BENEFIT/COST < 10


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BENEFIT/COST

NON-STRUCTURAL MITIGATION

PROTECTS CONTENTS AND EQUIPMENT

1 < BENEFIT/COST < 1,000


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  • HAZARD MAPS

  • INVENTORY

  • VULNERABILITY

  • LOCATION

  • MITIGATION

  • PREPAREDNESS

  • EMERGENCY RESPONSE

  • RECOVERY and

  • RECONSTRUCTION

RISK ASSESSMENT

RISK MANAGEMENT

ACCEPTABLE RISK

RISK

UNACCEPTABLE RISK

TOWARDS EARTHQUAKE RESILIENCE

DATA BASES AND INFORMATION

COMMUNITY

HAZARDS: GROUND SHAKING GROUND FAILURE SURFACE FAULTING TECTONIC DEFORMATION TSUNAMI RUN UP AFTERSHOCKS


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