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IMPROVE YOUR READING RATE And MAXIMIZE YOUR COMPREHENSION Presentation provided by UTPB West Texas Literacy Center an HSI funded program. HSI is a federally funded program granted by the Department of Education Title V programs. Developed by: Ana Miller, M.A.. Ed., Reading Specialist

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improve your reading rate

IMPROVE YOUR READING RATE

And MAXIMIZE YOUR COMPREHENSION

Presentation provided by UTPB West Texas Literacy Center an HSI funded program. HSI is a federally funded program granted by the Department of Education Title V programs.

Developed by: Ana Miller, M.A.. Ed., Reading Specialist

why should i improve my reading rate
WHY SHOULD I IMPROVE MY READING RATE?
  • In college, you have more to read and less time
  • Reading too slowly reduces comprehension
  • Reading too slowly does not stimulate your brain and decreases interest in the text
  • You have the capability-1 trillion brain cells and the visual capacity to take in a full page of text in 1/20 of a second
  • Reading 500+ wpm is attainable
what factors reduce reading rate and comprehension
WHAT FACTORS REDUCE READING RATE AND COMPREHENSION?
  • Limited perceptual span or excessive fixation: Word-by-word reading, pointing
  • Regression: Needless or unconscious rereading, habitual and signals lack of concentration
  • Vocalization: Moving your lips while reading
  • Subvocalization: Talking to yourself in your head as you read silently
  • Physical habits: Tapping foot, pencil
  • Distractors: Watching TV, eating, interruptions, etc.
  • Lack of reading practice

THESE FACTORS REDUCE READING SPEED, COMPREHENSION AND RECALL

what factors increase reading rate and comprehension
WHAT FACTORS INCREASE READING RATE AND COMPREHENSION?
  • Set yourself up to succeed – read in a quiet distraction free environment
  • Do not read on your bed
  • Read actively: Set your purpose for reading and self-monitor
  • Increase your eye-span - Chunking

PRACTICE, PRACTICE, PRACTICE READING!!!

average reading rates
AVERAGE READING RATES
  • Adult – 250 WPM with 70% comprehension (Smith, 2005)
  • College Student – 300 WPM
  • Slow Readers – 150 WPM or less or 250 WPM with limited comprehension
types of reading
TYPES OF READING
  • Scanning – Telephone book, dictionary
  • Skimming – Surveying, previewing, checking relevance of text
  • Light Reading – Reading for leisure, novels, 100-200 wpm
  • Word by word – Scientific information, unfamiliar terms
  • Study Reading – SQ4R (Survey, Question, Read, Recite, Rite, Review) Goal: In depth comprehension

ADJUST YOUR SPEED ACCORDING TO YOUR PURPOSE FOR READING AND THE DIFFICULTY OF THE TEXT

research based reading study method sq4r
Research Based Reading Study Method: SQ4R
  • SURVEY – Skim title, subheadings, graphics, captions, boldface terms, first one to two paragraphs, summary
    • As you skim, ask yourself, “What do I know about these topics?”
    • Bring in your background knowledge and your prior experiences
    • Take no more than 5 minutes for an average chapter
slide8
SQ4R
  • QUESTION - Turn the first subheading into a question using how, why, what, when, where, who?
    • This technique creates reading for a purpose – you are now seeking an answer
    • Improves focus and concentration
slide9
SQ4R
  • READ – Quickly and selectively-remember that you are searching for an answer to your question
    • Read only one section or a few paragraphs, depending on the difficulty of the text
  • RECITE – Answer your question ALOUD
    • If you can’t say it, you don’t know it.
slide10
SQ4R
  • RITE – This is the note-taking step
    • Writing the answer to your question and other relevant information doubles retention
    • Cornell Method, Outline, Double and Triple Column Journal, Graphics, Post-it-Notes
    • This step creates an ongoing study guide

REPEAT THE CYCLE: Question, Read, Recite, Rite as you read the next section of text. Repeat this cycle until you have completed the reading assignment or the chapter

slide12
SQ4R
  • REVIEW – When you have completed the reading assignment, following the Question, Read, Recite, and Rite cycle, survey again, answering your questions as you skim
    • One week later, review the information again
    • Review each week until you are tested, creating a cumulative weekly review
    • This step transfers information from short-term memory to long-term memory
    • Take 5 minutes to Review
eliminate subvocalization
ELIMINATE SUBVOCALIZATION
  • The inner voice experienced as a slight movement in the tongue or throat region
    • Slows down reading to about 250 wpm, the speed of normal speech
  • REMEDY
    • Decrease eye fixation: Word-for-word reading
increase eye span chunking
INCREASE EYE SPAN - CHUNKING
  • Eye span is the number of words that you read at one time
  • Chunking 2 words doubles rate, 3 words triples, 4 words quadruples…
  • Increases comprehension
  • Focus is on how the words fit together to make meaning, rather than on each individual word in isolation

PEN AS A PACER TECHNIQUE

Goal – To increase the number of words within a chunk

speed reading is not magic it requires
SPEED READING IS NOT MAGIC IT REQUIRES:
  • The desire to improve your reading skills
  • The willingness to try new techniques in reading
  • The motivation to practice reading
references
References
  • http://www.studyhall.com
  • Rood, S. (2000). Improving Reading Speed and Comprehension. Longwood University.
  • Smith, B. (2004). Breaking through college reading. 7E. NY: Longman.
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