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IMPROVE YOUR READING RATE And MAXIMIZE YOUR COMPREHENSION Presentation provided by UTPB West Texas Literacy Center an HSI funded program. HSI is a federally funded program granted by the Department of Education Title V programs. Developed by: Ana Miller, M.A.. Ed., Reading Specialist

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Improve your reading rate l.jpg

IMPROVE YOUR READING RATE

And MAXIMIZE YOUR COMPREHENSION

Presentation provided by UTPB West Texas Literacy Center an HSI funded program. HSI is a federally funded program granted by the Department of Education Title V programs.

Developed by: Ana Miller, M.A.. Ed., Reading Specialist


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WHY SHOULD I IMPROVE MY READING RATE?

  • In college, you have more to read and less time

  • Reading too slowly reduces comprehension

  • Reading too slowly does not stimulate your brain and decreases interest in the text

  • You have the capability-1 trillion brain cells and the visual capacity to take in a full page of text in 1/20 of a second

  • Reading 500+ wpm is attainable


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WHAT FACTORS REDUCE READING RATE AND COMPREHENSION?

  • Limited perceptual span or excessive fixation: Word-by-word reading, pointing

  • Regression: Needless or unconscious rereading, habitual and signals lack of concentration

  • Vocalization: Moving your lips while reading

  • Subvocalization: Talking to yourself in your head as you read silently

  • Physical habits: Tapping foot, pencil

  • Distractors: Watching TV, eating, interruptions, etc.

  • Lack of reading practice

    THESE FACTORS REDUCE READING SPEED, COMPREHENSION AND RECALL


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WHAT FACTORS INCREASE READING RATE AND COMPREHENSION?

  • Set yourself up to succeed – read in a quiet distraction free environment

  • Do not read on your bed

  • Read actively: Set your purpose for reading and self-monitor

  • Increase your eye-span - Chunking

    PRACTICE, PRACTICE, PRACTICE READING!!!


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AVERAGE READING RATES

  • Adult – 250 WPM with 70% comprehension (Smith, 2005)

  • College Student – 300 WPM

  • Slow Readers – 150 WPM or less or 250 WPM with limited comprehension


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TYPES OF READING

  • Scanning – Telephone book, dictionary

  • Skimming – Surveying, previewing, checking relevance of text

  • Light Reading – Reading for leisure, novels, 100-200 wpm

  • Word by word – Scientific information, unfamiliar terms

  • Study Reading – SQ4R (Survey, Question, Read, Recite, Rite, Review) Goal: In depth comprehension

    ADJUST YOUR SPEED ACCORDING TO YOUR PURPOSE FOR READING AND THE DIFFICULTY OF THE TEXT


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Research Based Reading Study Method: SQ4R

  • SURVEY – Skim title, subheadings, graphics, captions, boldface terms, first one to two paragraphs, summary

    • As you skim, ask yourself, “What do I know about these topics?”

    • Bring in your background knowledge and your prior experiences

    • Take no more than 5 minutes for an average chapter


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SQ4R

  • QUESTION - Turn the first subheading into a question using how, why, what, when, where, who?

    • This technique creates reading for a purpose – you are now seeking an answer

    • Improves focus and concentration


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SQ4R

  • READ – Quickly and selectively-remember that you are searching for an answer to your question

    • Read only one section or a few paragraphs, depending on the difficulty of the text

  • RECITE – Answer your question ALOUD

    • If you can’t say it, you don’t know it.


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SQ4R

  • RITE – This is the note-taking step

    • Writing the answer to your question and other relevant information doubles retention

    • Cornell Method, Outline, Double and Triple Column Journal, Graphics, Post-it-Notes

    • This step creates an ongoing study guide

      REPEAT THE CYCLE: Question, Read, Recite, Rite as you read the next section of text. Repeat this cycle until you have completed the reading assignment or the chapter



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SQ4R

  • REVIEW – When you have completed the reading assignment, following the Question, Read, Recite, and Rite cycle, survey again, answering your questions as you skim

    • One week later, review the information again

    • Review each week until you are tested, creating a cumulative weekly review

    • This step transfers information from short-term memory to long-term memory

    • Take 5 minutes to Review


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ELIMINATE SUBVOCALIZATION

  • The inner voice experienced as a slight movement in the tongue or throat region

    • Slows down reading to about 250 wpm, the speed of normal speech

  • REMEDY

    • Decrease eye fixation: Word-for-word reading


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INCREASE EYE SPAN - CHUNKING

  • Eye span is the number of words that you read at one time

  • Chunking 2 words doubles rate, 3 words triples, 4 words quadruples…

  • Increases comprehension

  • Focus is on how the words fit together to make meaning, rather than on each individual word in isolation

    PEN AS A PACER TECHNIQUE

    Goal – To increase the number of words within a chunk


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SPEED READING IS NOT MAGIC IT REQUIRES:

  • The desire to improve your reading skills

  • The willingness to try new techniques in reading

  • The motivation to practice reading


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References

  • http://www.studyhall.com

  • Rood, S. (2000). Improving Reading Speed and Comprehension. Longwood University.

  • Smith, B. (2004). Breaking through college reading. 7E. NY: Longman.


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