Understanding the potential for open government open source processes for e government
Download
1 / 26

OpenGov - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 288 Views
  • Updated On :

Understanding the Potential for Open Government : Open Source Processes for E-Government Walt Scacchi Institute for Software Research and CRITO Consortium University of California, Irvine [email protected] http://www.ics.uci.edu/~wscacchi

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'OpenGov' - lotus


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
Understanding the potential for open government open source processes for e government l.jpg

Understanding the Potential for Open Government: Open Source Processes for E-Government

Walt Scacchi

Institute for Software Research

and CRITO Consortium

University of California, Irvine

[email protected]

http://www.ics.uci.edu/~wscacchi

http://www.ics.uci.edu/~wscacchi/Presentations/CRITO/OpenGovt.ppt


Open government l.jpg
Open Government?

  • Free/open source software development encourages sharing, examination, reuse, modification, and redistribution

  • E-Government encourages adoption of E-Commerce/E-Business in government agency operations, functions, business lines

  • Open government embraces open source and E-government processes, practices, and communities


Why open government l.jpg
Why Open Government?

  • Help make government faster, better, cheaper

  • Empower interested government employees, contractors, and interested citizens to offer help and capture their contributions

  • Enable creation of public test-beds where existing/new government processes can be demonstrated, manipulated, and refined.


Open source processes l.jpg
Open source processes

  • Free/open source softwaredoes not embody the processes for how to develop, deploy, use or sustain them

    • Deploying free/open source software is low-cost, but often inefficient and sub-optimal

  • Closed source software development, deployment, use, and support is also inefficient and sub-optimal

    • Explicit open source processes could also help closed source systems.


Motivations for open source processes l.jpg
Motivations for open source processes

  • Closed source processes: opaque or tacit, difficult to improve, subject to patent

  • Continuous process improvement and organizational learning requires open access to the “source code” of operational processes


Closed vs administrative vs open source processes l.jpg
Closed vs. administrative vs. open source processes

  • Closed: Amazon “one-click” e-purchase

    • Patented processes inhibits their sharing, reuse, study, modification, and redistribution

  • Administrative: Java community process

    • asserts property rights, responsibilities, and administrative authority

    • legalistic or bureaucratic “policy and procedures” are narrative, not operational => ambiguous interpretation and legal wrangling




Government operations and business processes l.jpg
Government operations and business processes

  • Example: Procurement and acquisition

    • Procurement: purchasing MRO supplies

    • Acquisition: contracting for services

  • Not simply a matter using electronic forms or extensible markup notations about them

  • Reengineering these processes is complex and requires process comprehension, transformation, integration, commitment, and training

    • W. Scacchi, Redesigning Contracted Service Procurement for Internet-based Electronic Commerce: A Case Study, Journal of Information Technology and Management, 2(3), 313-334, 2001.



Open source process example l.jpg
Open source process example

  • Example of an open source process model of a proposal submission process, specified in a Process Markup Language, PML

  • J. Noll and W. Scacchi, Specifying Process-Oriented Hypertext for Organizational Computing, Journal of Network and Computer Applications, 4(1):39-61, 2001.


Government operations and business processes12 l.jpg
Government operations and business processes

  • Federal Enterprise Architecture process domains are the prime candidates

    • Financial management

    • Human relations

    • Monitoring benefits and public health

    • Data and statistics development

    • Criminal investigation

    • Regulation and legislation development, deployment, and enforcement


Applications state government l.jpg
Applications: State Government

  • (Secretary of) State of Rhode Island

    • www.state.ri.us

      • Civic participation and public monitoring

      • On-line rules and regulations

  • State of Hawaii

    • HiGov.NET Intranet portal

      • Prototype (Microsoft format video)

      • HiGov.NET Intranet Portal: An Open Source Solution for Empowering State Employees With a Dynamic Web Portal




Applications state government16 l.jpg
Applications: State Government services

  • HiGov.NET Intranet portal

    • Prototype (Microsoft format video)

    • HiGov.NET Intranet Portal: An Open Source Solution for Empowering State Employees With a Dynamic Web Portal (report)

    • Built using PLONE (www.plone.org)

  • Governor’s Office, State of Texas


Applications military and security l.jpg
Applications: military and security services

  • Most of the military enterprise focuses on operational, logistical, and training processes

  • Administrative processes are ponderous, procrustean, rather than agile, flexible

  • Current legacy processes are compliance oriented, rather than improvement oriented


Dd x overview l.jpg
DD(X) Overview services



Applications military and security20 l.jpg
Applications: military and security services

  • Homeland security will increasingly become focus of process improvement, streamlining and cost reduction.


Open govt opportunities l.jpg
Open Govt Opportunities services

  • Establish OG Web portals and clearinghouse

    • Create/share process toolkits, libraries, repositories

  • Co-sourced development of OG processes

    • amortize and share OG development costs

  • Capture and codification of government process domain expertise

  • Operational OG system and process demo’s

    • OG prototypes and public test-beds

    • Exportable processes for democratic government operations


Conclusions l.jpg
Conclusions services

  • Free/open source software systems for government represent a significant opportunity

  • Seek high-level, user-friendly processes for government operations expressed as open source, computationally enactable processes

  • Open government embraces and extends open source, while also moving towards flexible, agile democratic government operations

  • Current NSF Digital Govt program does not embrace or encourage OSS applications or processes


Acknowledgements l.jpg
Acknowledgements services

  • The research described in this report is supported by contracts/grants from:

  • National Science Foundation

    • #IIS-0083075, #ITR-0205679, #ITR-0205724 and Industry/University Research Cooperative for the CRITO Consortium

  • Defense Acquisition University

    • #N487650-27803

  • No endorsement implied.


References l.jpg
References services

  • Center for Open Source and Government

    • www.egovos.org

  • Robert W. Hahn (ed.), Government Policy toward Open Source Software. AEI-Brookings Joint Center for Regulatory Studies, Dec 2002.


References25 l.jpg
References services

  • J. Noll and W. Scacchi, Specifying Process-Oriented Hypertext for Organizational Computing, Journal of Network and Computer Applications, 4(1):39-61, 2001

  • W. Scacchi, Redesigning Contracted Service Procurement for Internet-based Electronic Commerce: A Case Study, Journal of Information Technology and Management, 2(3), 313-334, 2001.

  • W. Scacchi, Open Acquisition: Combining Open Source Software Development with System Acquisition, technical report, July 2002.

  • W. Scacchi, Open EC/B: A Case Study in Electronic Commerce and Open Source Software Development, technical report, July 2002.


References26 l.jpg
References services

  • W. Scacchi, Understanding the Social, Technological, and Policy Implications of Open Source Software Development position paper presented at the NSF Workshop on Open Source Software, January 2002 (revised August 2002).

  • W. Scacchi, Understanding the Requirements for Developing Open Source Software Systems,IEE Proceedings--Software, 149(1), 24-39, February 2002.


ad