Manufacturing Surveys in Brazil
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Manufacturing Surveys in Brazil. June 2009. Surveys. Profile on industrial Statistics. Annual Survey. Pesquisa Industrial Anual - Empresa (PIA-Empresa). Pesquisa Industrial Anual de Produto (PIA-Produto). Pesquisa Anual da Ind ú stria da Constru ç ão (PAIC). Monthly Survey .

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Surveys

Profile on industrial Statistics

Annual Survey

Pesquisa Industrial Anual - Empresa (PIA-Empresa)

Pesquisa Industrial Anual de Produto (PIA-Produto)

Pesquisa Anual da Indústria da Construção (PAIC)

Monthly Survey

Pesquisa Industrial Mensal de Produção Física (PIM-PF)

Pesquisa Industrial Mensal de Emprego e Salário (PIMES)

Índice de Preços Industriais ao produtor (IPP)*

Satellite

Pesquisa de Inovação Tecnológica (PINTEC)

* First release 2010


Need to conduct a survey

  • The annual manufacturing surveys provides key measures of the structure of the manufacturing industry.

  • Principal purposes are:

    • To provide National Accounts with structural and commodity detail;

    • To provide data on industrial productive structure of the Brazilian economy and its evolution over time;

    • To provide external users with basic data by 3-digit industry

    • To provide data for market approach

    • To provide data for selection of product and weight definitions in the monthly system of industrial production indicators


Survey outputs

  • The key variables in the annual surveys:

  • PIA-EMPRESA

    • Revenue data;

    • Costs and various components detailed for the estimates of the intermediary consumption;

    • Number of employees and value of the salaries paid and social contribution cost;

    • Cost in the acquisition of fixed assets for the estimates of Capital Formation.

  • PIA-PRODUTO

    • By product categories of PRODLIST:

      • Sales value

      • Quantities produced and sold


Use of standards

  • The National industrial Classification (CNAE) is used for industry classification.

  • Lista de produtos industriais - Prodlist

INTERNATIONAL

MERCOSUL

BRASIL

ISIC/CIIU

CNAE

Economic Activity

CPC

PRODLIST

Products - Production

Products – international trade

SH

NCM

NCM


Classification

CNAE 2.0

(ISIC-Rev.4)

PIA-Empresa

PRODLIST 2007

PIA-Produto

Selected Product

PIM-PF

PPI product

IPP

Classification

Section: C - Manufacturing

Division: 22 - Manufacture of rubber and plastics products

Group: 221 - Manufacture of rubber products

Class: 2211 - Manufacture of rubber tyres and tubes; retreading and rebuilding of rubber tyres

2211.2080

New Pneumatic tyres for vehicles

Product

Product

2511.0090 = 2211.2080

New Pneumatic tyres for vehicles

100% on road - 175/70R 13TL 82T XXXXX;

Merc.Doméstico - Merc. Reposição - R$/Unidade -

FOB Fábrica - Venda à vista - Preço faturado dia 15 - Sem impostos.

Elementary

Product


Surveys
Surveys

SNA Annual (work)

SNA Annual (dissemination)

SNA Quaterly (dissemination)

SNA Quaterly (work)


Statistical Unit

  • Enterprise: basic information unit

  • Local units: location, activity, few variables to serve as parameter for the distribution of the enterprise data


Coverage

  • PIA-EMPRESA - Mining and manufacturing activities - business > 5 employees

  • PIA-PRODUTO - Mining and manufacturing activities - panel of business > 30 employees


Sample Design

  • PIA-EMPRESA

  • Sampling frame is stratified in two classes:

    • certainty stratum: all enterprises > 30 employees

    • sampled stratum: enterprises with 5 to 29 employees for which a random sampling without replacements is selected

  • PIA-PRODUTO

  • A cut-off sample taken from the Annual Mining and Manufacturing Survey (certainty stratum)


Size

  • PIA-EMPRESA 2007

  • 518.000 businesses in total (CBS*)

  • 53.000 business sampled to directly obtain data

    • certainty stratum: 35.000 (long form)

    • sampled stratum: 18.000 (short form)

  • PIA-PRODUTO

    • 35.000 enterprises surveyed

    • 3500 products

    • 80% of total industrial enterprise revenue

    • CBS – Cadastro Básico de Seleção


Types of survey forms

  • PIA-EMPRESA

    • One form for the medium and large enterprises (in the certainty stratum)

    • A short form for the smaller ones (sampled stratum)

  • PIA-PRODUTO

    • One form


Level of data dissemination

  • PIA-EMPRESA

    • Data are available for the total of enterprises for Brazil and for some Federal States at 3 digit level; data are also available at 4-digit level to the certainty stratum for Brazil and Federal states.

  • PIA-PRODUTO

    • By Prodlist categories at National level and the 100 most important products by sales at Federal estates level.


Timetable for the survey

  • 2007Annual survey – timeline 17 months

  • Sample Creation (CBS) February 2008

  • Test, finalisation and printing of questionnaires March 2008

  • Regional offices training April 2008

  • Data collection Mid May-October 2008

  • Input Processing Period Mid Nov-March 2009

  • Output/Tabulation / Analisys period April-May 2009

  • Release date June 2009


  • Dissemination Calendar

    • Second quarter of the year n+2, considering n the reference year of the survey


    Method of collection

    • Decentralized data collection by the network of IBGE’s regional offices. The enterprise may choose to complete a paper form or eletronic form. The delivery of the form and reception of the answer may be done by the network of IBGE’s field offices or by internet (both the access and the delivery)


    Annual Industrial survey series

    • PIA-EMPRESA

    • 1966-1969

    • 1972-1979

    • 1981-1984

    • 1986-1990

    • 1992-1995

    • Last revision; 1996

    • PIA-PRODUTO

    • Data on product level were available only at the industrial census and as part of the annual survey of manufacturing in the period 1966 to 1979. As a specific survey the initial year is 1998


    Results of the survey

    • Data became available in publication and eletronc format

    • www.ibge.gov.br - SIDRA - .

    • No preliminary release are available


    Confidentiality

    • The confidentiality of information collected by the Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatistica is protected by law

    • Rules on minimum number of contributors per output cell.


    Questionnaire design

    • I – Register information of enterprises

    • II – Economic information

      • A - Number of persons employed, wages, withdrawals and other remuneration

      • B – Sales, receipts for services and other revenues

      • C – Costs and expenses

      • D – Operating Profit after Monetary Adjustment

      • E – Cost in the acquisition of fixed assets

      • F – Cost - energy inputs

      • G – Number of statistical units / Description of important products

      • H – Regional Data









    Monthly Industrial Surveys

    • Employment and Salaries (PIMES)

    • Index of Industrial Production (PIM-PF)


    Monthly Industrial Surveys

    • Employment and Salaries (PIMES)

    • Objectives – Data on monthly performance of employment and salaries in Mining and Manufacturing activities used for the construction of monthly indicators on employment and wages

    • Coverage – Mining and Manufacturing enterprises

    • Frequency – Monthly

    • Key Variables – Number of employe; salaries ; paid work hours; admittances and dismissals.


    Monthly Industrial Surveys

    • Employment and Salaries

    • Statistical basic unit – Local units of Mining and Manufacturing enterprises

    • Sample design – A stratified sample of local units based on IBGE´s Central Business Register: stratified samples using number of employees to divide the universe in 4 strata: a certainty stratum for enterprises with 500 or more employees and 3 random stratum for the others

    • Size – Number of local units surveyed 5700 local units

    • Types of survey forms – One form


    Monthly Industrial Surveys

    • Employment and Salaries

    • Method of collection

    • Decentralized data collection by the network of IBGE’s regional offices. The enterprise may choose to complete a paper form or eletronic form. The delivery of the form and reception of the answer may be done by the network of IBGE’s field offices or by internet (both the access and the delivery)

    • More than 95% of eletronic form in 2009


    Monthly Industrial Surveys

    • Employment and Salaries

    • Data products and users

      • Governmental agencies: short term movements

      • Dissemination in IBGE´s website

      • Several kinds of users (public organizations, researches, enterprises,...)

    • Level of data dissemination

      • Data are available for a group or 18 manufacturing activities (CNAE 2-digit level or an agregation of them) and for 16 regional areas


    Monthly Industrial Surveys

    • Employment and Salaries

    • Dissemination calendar

      • The dissemination calendar is available at IBGE´s website for the whole year at the end of the prior year. Data are available 45 days after the reference month of the index.

    • Previous series

    • 1985-2000

    • Last revision

    • 2001


    Monthly Industrial Surveys

    • Questionnaire design


    Monthly Industrial Surveys

    • Index of Industrial Production (PIM-PF)

    • Objectives – Data on monthly performance of the industrial sector (monthly index of physical production)

    • Coverage – Mining and Manufacturing enterprises

    • Frequency – Monthly

    • Key Variables – For a predeterminant list of product: data on quantity produced


    Monthly Industrial Surveys

    • Index of Industrial Production (PIM-PF)

    • Statistical basic unit – Local units of Mining and Manufacturing enterprises

    • Classification – Prodlist (for selected products); CNAE (for the results)

    • Sample design – A cut-off sample of local units from the Annual Product Survey (PIA-PRODUTO); the certainty stratum is composed by the main producers among a group of 800 selected products (covering at least 70% of production value)

    • Size – Number of local units surveyed: 3900 local units

    • Types of survey forms – One form


    Monthly Industrial Surveys

    • Index of Industrial Production (PIM-PF)

    • Method of collection

    • Decentralized data collection by the network of IBGE’s regional offices. The enterprise may choose to complete a paper form or eletronic form. The delivery of the form and reception of the answer may be done by the network of IBGE’s field offices or by internet (both the access and the delivery)

    • More than 95% of eletronic form in 2009


    Monthly Industrial Surveys

    • Index of Industrial Production (PIM-PF)

    • Data products and users

      • National Accounts: for estimates of quarterly GDP

      • Governmental agencies: short term movements of the industrial sector

      • Dissemination in IBGE´s website

      • Several kinds of users (public organizations, researches, enterprises,...)

    • Level of data dissemination

      • At national level: index by CNAE divisions (27) and industrial subsections (76) and broad economic categories

      • Regionally, for Federal States with the participation of at least 1% of the industrial production, are available indexes by industry division (2-digit)


    Monthly Industrial Surveys

    • Index of Industrial Production (PIM-PF)

    • Dissemination calendar

      • The dissemination calendar is available at IBGE´s website for the whole year at the end of the prior year. Data are available 40 days after the reference month of the index.

    • Previous series

    • 1974-1981, initial year 1971

    • 1981-1991

    • 1991-2002

    • Last revision

    • 2002 current series have linked results since 1991


    Monthly Industrial Surveys

    • Questionnaire design


    Monthly Industrial Surveys

    • Questionnaire design


    General information

    • Department in charge

      • Diretoria de pesquisas (DPE)

      • Coordenação de industria (COIND)

    • Contact information


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