Japan Unit VI Geography Unit VI Japan’s General Geography It is located 110 miles east of Korea It is an archipelago, or a chain of islands. It is about the size of California in terms of area. People tended to settle in the river valleys and coastal plains.
It is located 110 miles east of Korea
It is an archipelago, or a chain of islands.
It is about the size of California in terms of area.
People tended to settle in the river valleys and coastal plains.
The land of Japan is so mountainous, that only about 20% of it is suitable for farming. Similarly to Korea, Japan relied heavily on the sea for food.
Beginning is easy – Continuing is hard
When the character of a man is not clear to you, look at his friends.
Fall down seven times, get up eight.
Japan is a homogeneous society – they speak the same language & share the same culture
Have almost zero ethnic minorities
Isolation has shaped its views of the world
Their “special identity” = ethnocentrism
Rarely grant citizenship to immigrants
Japanese culture is based on chinese culture in many ways
Korea was the cultural bridge between China and Japan
The Japanese based their government on Chinese ideas
Confucian and Buddhist beliefs come from china.
Peasants adopted Chinese farming techniques
Japanese Feudalism – Landowning warriors known as samurai pledged their allegiance to lords known as daimyos, and fought to protect their lands.
Japanese Class Structure
The Game of Chess
Theory: Shogun commanded complete loyalty of his lords
Actuality – samurai lords and followers battled for power with the shogun
By 1400 Japan was inundated in warfare
1500’s several military leaders were looking to unite Japan
Hideyoshi – most successful
By 1590 – had brought Japan under his control
Was the foundation for a united Japan
Centralized feudalism – 1600’s Tokugawa Ieyasu – set up the Tokugawa Shogunate – lasted until 1868
Under this system shoguns created a peaceful and ordinary society
Daimyo fell under direct control of the shogun
1543 – Portuguese arrived in Japan
Brought missionaries – infuriated the shogun
Early 1600’s – began persecuting foreign missionaries
Led to and expulsion of foreigners
1639 – shogun closed Japan to the world
Any Japanese who left could not return
Outlawed the building of ocean going vessels
Edo grew from a small fishing village to a bustling city - present day Tokyo
Roads and trade increased as the Daimyo traveled to and from Edo
During peaceful times the samurai no longer needed to fight
Became government officials and bankers
By early 1800’s the Japanese had become a peaceful unified nation
1853 – American warships anchored in Tokyo Bay
The Commander demanded that Japan open its ports
Under this pressure, Japan opened its doors for the first time in 200 years
Treaty of Kanagawa – officially opens Japan to trade with the U.S.
Militarism & Expansion
Japan Becomes A Global Power
Japanese army officers blew up tracks on Japanese owned railroad line in Manchuria, China.
Claimed the Chinese had done it.
In “self defense”, the Japanese attacked Chinese forces.
Military did not consult their own government and acted independently.
Public opinion in Japan was supportive of retaliation and takeover.
World War II
Nagasaki After the Atomic Bomb is dropped