introducing ethics
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INTRODUCING ETHICS. Definitions. “Code” — the moral teaching of a religious tradition “Ethics” — the fundamental principles upon which a moral teaching is based. Religion & Morality. Religion: ways of thinking, feeling, & acting which refer to a notion of sacred reality

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Presentation Transcript
definitions
Definitions
  • “Code”—the moral teaching of a religious tradition
  • “Ethics”—the fundamental principles upon which a moral teaching is based
religion morality are not identical
Religion: ways of thinking, feeling, & acting which refer to a notion of sacred reality

Morality: ways of thinking, feeling, & acting which refer to ideas of human welfare

Religion & MoralityAre Not Identical
religion morality can be related in various ways
Religion & MoralityCan Be Related in Various Ways
  • Religion complements morality
  • Religion animates morality
  • Religion is in tension with morality
practice

Practice

What is the best classification for the ethical justification used in each of the following statements?

practice7
Practice

"You must do unto others as you would have them do unto you.“

  • Deontological
  • Teleological
  • Neither
practice8
Practice

"I will not support this law because God forbids murder.“

  • Deontological
  • Teleological
  • Neither
practice9
Practice

"If we do not help them, they will die."

  • Deontological
  • Teleological
  • Neither
practice10
Practice

"If it feels good, do it."

  • Deontological
  • Teleological
  • Neither
practice11
Practice

"The needs of the many outweigh the needs of the few or the one."

  • Deontological
  • Teleological
  • Neither
practice12
Practice

“Obey the laws of the government or our country will end up in chaos."

  • Deontological
  • Teleological
  • Neither
practice13
Practice

"It is okay to cheat on your taxes because everyone does it.“

  • Deontological
  • Teleological
  • Neither
practice14
Practice

"I owe it to my parents to care for them in their old age."

  • Deontological
  • Teleological
  • Neither
practice15
Practice

"It is more important to save a life than to obey the laws of the state.“

  • Deontological
  • Teleological
  • Neither
practice16
Practice

If I had not helped you, "Where would I have been?"

  • Deontological
  • Teleological
  • Neither
case study
Case Study
  • What are the facts of the case?
  • Where are the gaps in your knowledge? What else do you need to know?
  • What do you think about the case? (collate your opinions/ideas)
  • What kind of ethical reasoning is being used in this case?
  • Did the person make the right decision in this case?
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