Introducing ethics
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INTRODUCING ETHICS. Definitions. “Code” — the moral teaching of a religious tradition “Ethics” — the fundamental principles upon which a moral teaching is based. Religion & Morality. Religion: ways of thinking, feeling, & acting which refer to a notion of sacred reality

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Definitions l.jpg
Definitions

  • “Code”—the moral teaching of a religious tradition

  • “Ethics”—the fundamental principles upon which a moral teaching is based



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Religion: ways of thinking, feeling, & acting which refer to a notion of sacred reality

Morality: ways of thinking, feeling, & acting which refer to ideas of human welfare

Religion & MoralityAre Not Identical


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Religion & Morality a notion of sacred realityCan Be Related in Various Ways

  • Religion complements morality

  • Religion animates morality

  • Religion is in tension with morality


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Practice a notion of sacred reality

What is the best classification for the ethical justification used in each of the following statements?


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Practice a notion of sacred reality

"You must do unto others as you would have them do unto you.“

  • Deontological

  • Teleological

  • Neither


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Practice a notion of sacred reality

"I will not support this law because God forbids murder.“

  • Deontological

  • Teleological

  • Neither


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Practice a notion of sacred reality

"If we do not help them, they will die."

  • Deontological

  • Teleological

  • Neither


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Practice a notion of sacred reality

"If it feels good, do it."

  • Deontological

  • Teleological

  • Neither


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Practice a notion of sacred reality

"The needs of the many outweigh the needs of the few or the one."

  • Deontological

  • Teleological

  • Neither


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Practice a notion of sacred reality

“Obey the laws of the government or our country will end up in chaos."

  • Deontological

  • Teleological

  • Neither


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Practice a notion of sacred reality

"It is okay to cheat on your taxes because everyone does it.“

  • Deontological

  • Teleological

  • Neither


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Practice a notion of sacred reality

"I owe it to my parents to care for them in their old age."

  • Deontological

  • Teleological

  • Neither


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Practice a notion of sacred reality

"It is more important to save a life than to obey the laws of the state.“

  • Deontological

  • Teleological

  • Neither


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Practice a notion of sacred reality

If I had not helped you, "Where would I have been?"

  • Deontological

  • Teleological

  • Neither


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Case Study a notion of sacred reality

  • What are the facts of the case?

  • Where are the gaps in your knowledge? What else do you need to know?

  • What do you think about the case? (collate your opinions/ideas)

  • What kind of ethical reasoning is being used in this case?

  • Did the person make the right decision in this case?


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