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Aviation and Flight Educators: Perspectives from Master Instructors and Flight Instructors of the Year Michael G. Gaffney - Panel Moderator Deputy Director of Supply Chain and Logistics AAR Airlift Melbourne, FL. http://www.Flightlogics.com. Welcome. Michael G. Gaffney – Panel Moderator

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Aviation and Flight Educators: Perspectives from Master Instructors and Flight Instructors of the Year Michael G. Gaffney - Panel Moderator

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Aviation and flight educators perspectives from master instructors and flight instructors of the year michael g gaffn

Aviation and Flight Educators: Perspectives from Master Instructors and Flight Instructors of the Year

Michael G. Gaffney - Panel Moderator

Deputy Director of Supply Chain and Logistics

AAR Airlift

Melbourne, FL

http://www.Flightlogics.com


Welcome

Welcome

  • Michael G. Gaffney – Panel Moderator

    • 2007 National CFI of the Year

    • 2007 NATA Flight Training Excellence recipient

    • 4 Time Master CFI (MCFI)

    • 2 Time Master Ground Instructor (MGI)

    • FAAST Lead Representative

    • FAA Production Studio Sound Engineer

    • AFS-520 TAA Course Designer/SME

    • Gold Seal CFI

    • Cirrus CSIP

    • Cessna CFAI

    • Quest Kodiak Factory Instructor

    • Diamond FITS Accepted Instructor

    • ASA G1000 and ASA Entegra Course Author


Our panelists

Our Panelists


Panel agenda

Panel Agenda

5 mins – Intro/Objectives Michael Gaffney

10 mins –Teaching Higher Order Pilot Skills Michael Gaffney

10 mins– Preparing Real World Flight Training Arlynn McMahon

10 mins – Initial/Recurrent CFI Certification Jeff Edwards

10 mins – Technology & Syllabus Syndrome Jeffrey Robert Moss “MossY”

10 mins – Panel Discussion

5 mins – Q&A and Summary Mike Gaffney


Objectives

Objectives


Points for further discussion in thursday breakout sessions

Points for Further Discussion in Thursday Breakout Sessions

  • How to reverse complacency of many flight Instructors?

  • Does self-examining authority of “pilot mill” schools create problems?

  • Deep systems understanding required to teach in a world of complex equipment

  • Flight Instructors must be taught how to perform their job, not taught to pass a test

  • How to measure and ensure quality if we have 90,000+ flight instructors?

  • Scenario driven instruction must be the focus of all training and eventually, all testing

  • PTS needs to be a testing tool, not a training tool

  • A syllabus must be used for training and the student instructor in training needs to be key to its proliferation in the industry

  • Student Instructors in training should be taught to do paperwork and logbook entries from day 1

  • Some aspects of mentorship and experience accomplishment must be integrated into our training system so that kids are not teaching kids (inexperience proliferation)

  • Specific type equipment checkouts and certifications should be achieved in the industry to ensure that experience is teaching not experimentation.

  • Current method of initial CFI training and recertification has been designed for convenience and affordability, not for safety


Contacts

Contacts

Presentations can be downloaded at

http://www.Flightlogics.com


Aviation and flight educators perspectives from master instructors and flight instructors of the year michael g gaffn

Aviation and Flight Educators: Perspectives from Master Instructors and Flight Instructors of the Year

“Teaching Higher Order Pilot Skills”

Michael G. Gaffney - Panel Moderator

Deputy Director of Supply Chain and Logistics

AAR Airlift

Melbourne, FL

http://www.Flightlogics.com


Major themes

Major Themes


Evolution of general aviation is well underway

Evolution of General Aviation is well Underway


Many of us were taught to fly in these

Many of us were taught to fly in these…

OR

1969 Citabria

1976 Cessna C172


Now we are flying in this

Now we are flying in this…


Or this

Or this…

Cirrus with Avidyne Release 9


Or this1

Or This…

Cirrus with Garmin Perspective


Tale of the ga training cockpit

Tale of the GA Training Cockpit

Cockpit Safety starts with the fundamentals of how we train


Aviation and flight educators perspectives from master instructors and flight instructors of the year michael g gaffn

Speed Relativity – Base 60 cockpit math

Can you keep up with the speed

and technology of your mission platform?

Cessna 122 knots

Diamond 138 Knots

Fly the aircraft first always,

regardless of the mission

Quest Kodiak 155 Knots

Cirrus 170 Knots

Aircraft Transition Path from Training to Mission Platform

Mooney 170 Knots

Cessna Corvalis 400 225 Knots

Diamond DJet 325 knots


Instructional emphasis

Instructional emphasis

Limited number of hours we have with a student:

Where do we spend our time?

OR

OR


Aviation and flight educators perspectives from master instructors and flight instructors of the year michael g gaffn

Pilot and instructor skills must evolve

  • Master Automation Operation

  • Disciplined Schooling

  • Understand Digital Appliances

  • New Techniques

  • Constant evaluation of options available

  • All while never losing sight of the basics!


Aviation and flight educators perspectives from master instructors and flight instructors of the year michael g gaffn

Keys to Keeping up with Technology

  • Know your equipment- blindfolded

  • Diligent training using realistic scenarios

  • Develop Aeronautical Decision Making (ADM) skills

  • Approach every operation with Risk Management in mind

  • Single Pilot Resources Management (SRM)

  • Maintain an inclusive Scanflow

  • Use all available tools to maintain situational awareness


The art of managing a busy cockpit

The Art of Managing a Busy Cockpit

“What will Happen?”

Planning

and Contingent Planning

“What is Happening?”

Situational Awareness

“What do I do about it?”

Aeronautical Decision Making

“Go back and modify the plan”


Scanflow cockpit management

Scanflow cockpit management

Primary Flight Display

(PFD)

(Flight Parameter Adherence)

Outside the Aircraft

(Traffic and Terrain Avoidance

Multi Function Display

(MFD)

(Electronic Situational Awareness

NEXRAD, Stormscope, Traffic,

Terrain, cabin entertainment)

Chores

(Checklist, engine monitor,

Chart management, passenger briefings, baby sit autopilot)


Conclusion

Conclusion

Evolution of technology will continue at its blistering pace

The pilot and the instructor must maintain proficiency over the all three aspects of Training; Flight Skills, Technology Management, and Systems Understanding

Safe use of cockpit technology remains an issue of distraction and complacency management

Always fly the aircraft first but know your technology and how it can help you


Aviation and flight educators perspectives from master instructors and flight instructors of the year michael g gaffn

Aviation and Flight Educators: Perspectives from Master Instructors and Flight Instructors of the Year

Arlynn McMahon - Panel Member


Preparing cfis for the real world

Preparing CFIs for the Real World

  • Arlynn McMahon

  • 2009 National CFI of the Year

  • 10,000 hours dual given  (that’s not total time – that’s dual given)       

  • Recipient, 2010 NATA Excellence in Pilot Training

  • Author, Train Like You Fly, A Flight Instructor’s Guide to Scenario Based Training

  • Published in numerous national magazines and in peer reviewed journals

  • Gold Seal and 4 time Master Instructor

  • Lead FAAST Representative


Mcdonald s big mac

McDonald’s Big Mac

2 all-beef patties, special sauce, lettuce, cheese, pickles, onions on a sesame seed bun


What is a good instructor

What is a Good Instructor


Customer retention

Customer Retention


Accident rate

Accident Rate


Semper fi

Semper Fi


Boy scout eagle

Boy Scout -Eagle

  • Requirement 1 -- Be active in your troop for at six months after you have achieved the rank of Life Scout. 

  • Requirement 2 -- Demonstrate that you live by the principles of the Scout Oath in your daily life. 

  • Requirement 3 -- Earn a total of 21 merit badges. 

  • Requirement 4 -- While a Life Scout, serve actively for a period of six months in a position of responsibility. 

  • Requirement 5 -- Plan, develop, and give leadership to others in a service project.

  • Requirement 6 -- Statement of ambitions and life purpose; hold Scoutmasters conference. 


Other qualities needed

Other Qualities Needed

  • Work Ethic

  • Business Sense

  • Respect

  • Politeness

  • Stand Up Straight, Smile and a Firm Handshake

  • A student pilot for life


A challenge

A Challenge

What is your definition of a good instructor?

One that you’d

  • Pay $100 per hour for

  • Work with

  • Hire to work in a fine flight school


Aviation and flight educators perspectives from master instructors and flight instructors of the year michael g gaffn

Aviation and Flight Educators: Perspectives from Master Instructors and Flight Instructors of the Year

Jeff Edwards - Panel Member


Welcome1

Welcome

Jeffrey Edwards

  • 2003 National Flight Instructor of the Year

  • 6 time MCFI 

  • President/ founder  Lancair Owners and Builders Organization (LOBO)

  • Member GA JSC SAT team

  • Navy A-6 Bombardier/ Navigator, Navy Aircraft Accident Investigator/ IIC

  • McDonnell Douglas Boeing aircraft accident investigator

  • President AvSafe, LLC Aircraft Accident Reconstruction firm

  • Conducted over 500 aircraft accident investigations


Flying never has and never will be cheap and easy

Flying Never Has and Never Will be Cheap and Easy!


Initial recurrent cfi

Initial & Recurrent CFI

Initial

  • 40 hours total time to Private

  • 250 hours total time to Commercial

  • No additional flight training req’d for CFI

  • Very High Risk activity taught by mostly inexperienced individuals

Recurrent

  • FIRC

    16 classroom hours

  • Online FIRC—do it in your bathrobe!

  • 8710

  • NO Flying Required!

3rd most dangerous occupation in America. Can we make it any easier and cheaper? Should we? Inexperience Hurts


Experience gained by teaching

JakeBy appointment Comm, CFIBS-Aviation Mgmnt SIU-Carbondale

Flight Experience: 261 hrs, 15 Dual Given, 50 Inst; 23 MESpecialty: Single Engine

KristyAvailable Fri-Sun Comm, CFI, CFIIBS-AeronauticsUM-CMSU

Flight Experience:350 hrs, 85 Dual Given, 80 Inst; 50 MESpecialty: Single & Multiengine; Instrument; Advanced Ground Inst

Experience Gained by Teaching


Inexperience hurts

37% of all accident pilots had fewer than 500 total hours*

189 accidents during instructional flights in 2007

50% of all accidents occur to Private Pilots who operate less than 33% of the total hours

Inexperience Hurts

*from AOPA ASF Nall report 2003


Where does this end up

Where Does This End Up?

In flying I have learned that carelessness and overconfidence are usually far more dangerous than deliberately accepted risks.

— Wilbur Wright in a letter to his father, September 1900.

  • I learned that danger is relative, and the inexperience can be a magnifying glass.

  • — Charles A. Lindbergh

You get what you pay for


Loss of control on takeoff 18 aug 1997

Loss of Control on Takeoff 18 Aug 1997

  • Night dual flight at uncontrolled field

  • Witnesses observe aircraft land and taxi back on runway 17

  • Aircraft departs, remains in ground effect, accelerates to end of runway and enters near vertical climb to approx. 200’AGL

  • Aircraft rolls right and descends vertically impacting terrain


Aviation and flight educators perspectives from master instructors and flight instructors of the year michael g gaffn

The Aftermath of a bad day


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IBWTMLGOAKO

  • Instructor had demonstrated his “signature takeoff” to students a number of times including a “SH” t/o in front of two sheriff deputies

  • Instructor was student at Spartan School of Aeronautics. While there he failed private, instrument & commercial initial checkrides and flight instructor ride and retest


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IBWTMLGOAKO

  • Instructor was new hire in Nov. 1996 and had 944 total hours with 17 hours in model and 1.5 hours in model at nx.

  • Students aware of flight instructor’s practice

  • Management not

  • Flight instructor’s failure to maintain aircraft control during takeoff and climb.

  • Flight instructor’s lack of experience in make and model


Pilot certificates

Pilot Certificates

  • Year StudentRecPrivateCommercialATP Other Total CFI

  • 2009 72,280234 211,619 125,738144,600 594,285 94,863

  • 2008 80,989252 222,596 124,746146,838 613,746 93,202

  • 2007 84,339239 211,096 115,127143,953590,34992,175

  • 2006 84,866 239 219,233117,610141,935597,10991,343

  • 2005 87,213 278 228,619120,614141,992609,73790,555

  • 2004 87,910 291 235,994122,592142,160618,63389,596

  • 2003 87,296 310 241,045123,990143,504625,01187,816

  • 2002 85,991 318 260,845 137,504 147,104 29,596 661,358 86,089

  • 2001 94,420* 318 261,927 137,636 146,989 16,200 657,490 82,875

  • 2000 99,110* 340 251,561 121,858 141,598 17,162 631,629 80,931

  • 199999,184* 343 258,749 124,261 137,642 17,118 637,297 79,694

  • 199897,736 305 247,226 122,053 134,612 16,366 618,298 79,171

  • 199796,101 284 247,604 125,300 130,858 16,195 616,342 78,102

  • 199694,947 265 254,002 129,187 127,486 16,374 622,261 78,551

  • 1995101,279 232 261,399 133,980 123,877 18,417 639,184 77,613

  • 199496,254 241 284,236 138,728 117,434 17,195 654,088 76,171

  • 1993103,583 206 283,700 143,014 117,071 17,495 665,069 75,021

  • 1992114,597 187 288,078 146,385 115,855 17,857 682,959 72,148

  • 1991120,203 161 293,306 148,365 112,167 17,893 692,095 69,209

  • 1990128,663 87 299,111 149,666 107,732 17,400 702,659 63,775


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