A functional analysis of aggression adaptive and maladaptive profiles
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A Functional Analysis of Aggression: Adaptive and Maladaptive Profiles. Todd D. Little Key Collaborators: Stephanie M. Jones Christopher C. Henrich Patricia H. Hawley Jessica Brauner. Outline. Highlight the Primary Views on the Structure of Agonistic Behaviors

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A functional analysis of aggression adaptive and maladaptive profiles l.jpg

A Functional Analysis of Aggression: Adaptive and Maladaptive Profiles

Todd D. Little

Key Collaborators:

Stephanie M. Jones

Christopher C. Henrich

Patricia H. Hawley

Jessica Brauner


Outline l.jpg
Outline

  • Highlight the Primary Views on the Structure of Agonistic Behaviors

  • Present Our Multi-faceted Model of Aggression

  • Focus on Typologies based on our Action-Theory Form vs. Function Analysis

    • Touch on Differences in Reporters’ Perspectives

  • Sample: 1,723 5th-10th Grade German Students


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Contemporary Functional View

  • Reactive Aggression:

    • Aggression that appears to be an angry defensive response to frustration (goal blocking) or provocation and includes responses that are primarily interpersonal and hostile in nature (stems from frustration-aggression model).

  • Proactive (Instrumental) Aggression:

    • Aggression that occurs in anticipation of self-serving outcomes and is a deliberate behavior that is controlled by external reinforcements (stems from social learning theory formulations of aggression).

    • - Coie & Dodge, 1998


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Contemporary Forms View

  • Overt (Direct, Physical)Aggression:

    • Generally described as physical/verbal aggression (hitting or pushing, threatening to beat up others) directed at a target.

    • Note: The functional distinctions have only been made for overt aggression.

  • Relational (Covert, Indirect) Aggression:

    • Behaviors that are intended to significantly damage another’s child’s friendships or feeling of inclusion by the peer group (e.g., purposefully withdrawing friendship or acceptance, spreading rumors, gossiping, etc.).

    • - Crick & Grotpeter, 1995


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FUSIAFully Unified System Integrating Aggression


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Overt

Reactive

Overt

Instrumental

A Unifying Model of Aggression


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Overt

(Dispositional)

Relational

(Dispositional)

Overt

Reactive

Overt

Instrumental

A Unifying Model of Aggression


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Overt

(Dispositional)

Relational

(Dispositional)

Overt

Reactive

Overt

Instrumental

Relational

Reactive

Relational

Instrumental

A Unifying Model of Aggression


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Overt

(Dispositional)

Relational

(Dispositional)

Overt

Reactive

Overt

Instrumental

Relational

Reactive

Relational

Instrumental

A Unifying Model of Aggression


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Overt

(Dispositional)

Relational

(Dispositional)

A Unifying Model of Aggression

Reactive

Instrumental

Reactive

Instrumental


Slide11 l.jpg

Overt

(Dispositional)

Relational

(Dispositional)

Reactive

Instrumental

Reactive

Instrumental

Reactive

Instrumental

A Unifying Model of Aggression


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.83

Overt

(Dispositional)

Relational

(Dispositional)

-.07

A Unifying Model of Aggression

Reactive

Instrumental


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Sub-types of Aggression Based on Function

Primarily Instrumental

Both

‘Typical’ range

Primarily

Reactive

Neither

Instrumentally Aggressive

Reactively Aggressive


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Inter-Reporter Relations

Self Friend Peer Teacher Parent

O R O R O R O R O R









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Conclusions & Future Directions

  • The Various Models of Aggression can be unified

    • Allows differentiation of form vs function

    • Facilitates identification of subtypes

    • Provides a basis to examine under what conditions aspects of aggression are: adaptive and normative vs maladaptive and atypical

  • Some Future Directions

    • Examine the typological differences more closely

    • Who are the Targets of the agonistic behavior?

    • Replicate in U.S. context and examine over time



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