West african art
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West African Art. West African Art Emphasizes…. Sculpture and the Human Form Functionality – Art as a component of music, dance, ritual, social life. Anthropomorphism - the attribution of human characteristics to animals, gods or non-living things.

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West African Art

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West African Art


West African Art Emphasizes…

  • Sculpture and the Human Form

  • Functionality – Art as a component of music, dance, ritual, social life.

  • Anthropomorphism - the attribution of human characteristics to animals, gods or non-living things.

  • Zoomorphism – the attribution of animal characteristics to humans, gods or non-living things.

  • Nonlinear scaling – patterns of larger design repeated in details


Motif

  • Arecurring subject, theme,idea, etc., esp. in a literary, artistic,ormusical work.

    Examples: “The motif of the victorious underdog in American literature.” “The motif of the Good Shepard in Christian Art.”

    2. A distinctive and recurringform,shape, figure, etc., in a design.


Abstract vs. Realistic

  • Realistic/Representational: appearing true to life according to the way we see nature

  • Abstract: does not represent natural forms; may look distorted


General Art Vocabulary

Medium/ Media

  • The materials used to create the image

  • Typical African media: Wood, ivory, stone, metal, leather, clay

    Proportion

  • The comparative size of different elements within a composition

    Symmetry

  • Correspondence of elements on opposite sides of a composition.


Yoruba Ram’s Head MaskNigeria17th Century


Divination Cup19th Century

Palm Nuts cast into cup

Used by Yoruba priest for prophecy


Divination Cup19th Century

Palm Nuts cast into cup

Used by Yoruba priest for prophecy


Yoruba VesselNigeria17th Century


Veranda Post of Mounted Warrior and Kneeling Woman


Benin Bronze Plaque Depicting Chieftain Flanked by Warriors

14th – 16th Century

West Africa -- Benin


Benin Bronze Plaque Depicting Chieftain Flanked by Warriors -- detail


Compare: Qaddafi with Female Bodyguards, Western Diplomat


Compare: Poster “Triumph of Lenin” 1933


Comparison – Poster of Chairman Mao with Peoples of Africa, Asia and Latin America


Ceremonial Sword


Yoruba Bracelet


Yoruba King, 15th Century, Nigeria


Art Vocabulary

Abstraction MediumShapeLineColor TextureStasis/Dynamism

ElementsINTENT

MotifGaze

Focal Point


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