Fuel oil system
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FUEL OIL SYSTEM - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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FUEL OIL SYSTEM. www.powerpointpresentationon.blogspot.com. Light diesel oil (LDO) High speed diesel oil (HSD) Heavy Furnace oil (HFO) Low sulphur heavy stock (LSHS). Types Of Fuel Oil. LDO & HSD normally used in Auxiliary boiler Ignitor for certain boiler design.

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Fuel oil system



Types of fuel oil

Light diesel oil (LDO)

High speed diesel oil (HSD)

Heavy Furnace oil (HFO)

Low sulphur heavy stock (LSHS)

Types Of Fuel Oil

Use of different types

LDO & HSD normally used in

Auxiliary boiler

Ignitor for certain boiler design.

HFO generally used for power boiler

Use of different types

Heavy Fuel oil (HFO) specification:

  • service : Oil Burners

  • Standard: IS 1593/1971 Grade HV

  • Flash point(Min) : 66 deg,c

  • Viscosity (Maxm.) : 370 CST at 50 deg,c

  • Total sulphur : 4.5% by Weight

  • Gross Heating Value: 10270 Kcal/Kg

    Flash Point:The Flash point of a volatile liquid is the lowest

    Temperature at which it can vaporize to form a ignitable mixture

    In air.

Fuel Oil:

  • Three Liquid Fuel used in power plant

    1.Heavy Fuel Oil(HFO)

    2.LSHS(Light sulphur Heavy stock)

    3.HSD(High speed diesel)

    Oil firing is preceded by:

    1.Lowering viscosity and increasing flowability on heating for better combustion

    2.Droplet formation on atomization

    3.Combustion initiation by High energy spark ignition.



  • To establish initial Boiler Light up.

  • To support the Furnace flame during Low Load Operation


  • Unloading of fuel oil and storage system

  • Transfer of fuel oil to pressurising pump house

  • Drain oil system

  • Aux steam & condensate system

  • Electrical Tape tracing system:

  • Instrumentation & control system

  • Oil water separator system.

Fo unloading system

Heavy oil is received at the site in railway tankers of 20 tonne capacity each

An unloading header with number of receiving points for number of wagons unloading is provided.

The connections between loading header and tankers are through rubber flexible hosepipes.

Railway tankers are equipped with steam heating coils.

FO unloading system

Strainers tonne capacity each

Transfer P/P

  • UNLOADING OF F.O AND STORAGE SYSTEM tonne capacity each

    The Fuel oil is supplied by railway wagons. The installation has been

    Provided for unloading 76 wagons simultaneously.For this purpose one

    Number unloading header of size 400 NB have been laid between two

    Railway tracks with 84 nos. 80 NB branches with plug valves which

    Surve as unloading points.400 NB branch is taken from the unloading

    Header to the pump house which surves as the suction header for 5 nos.

    Unloading cum transfer pump.4 nos. pumps is used for unloading and

    I number as stand by.Each pump is 100 cm3 per hour capacity.

    At suction side of each pump simplex busket type strainer with 40 mesh

    Straining element is provided to make the oil free from foreign particles

    Which may cause damage to pump rotor.

    For storing the unloaded oils 3 nos. vertical cylinder,fixed roof vented

    Type storage tank of nominal capacity 2826 cum has been stalled.

2. tonne capacity eachTRANSFER SYSTEM:

Oil from any of the 3 storage tanks can be transferred to the pressurising

Pump house by gravity through 200 NB transfer header.It is also possibl

To transfer oil from one storage tank to another , and for this purpose

200 Nb branch connection is taken from each section of transfer line of

Each storage tank and a 350 NB common recirculation line is installed.

Oil through this recirculation line would flow to suction header of un-

Loading pumps and through the pump oil can be taken to any desired

Storage tank by opening the desired inlet vv of storage tank.

DRAIN OIL SYSTEM: tonne capacity each

In order to empty storage tank and or any branches, 80 NB and 25 NB ,Branch connection is taken from all lowest points and through a common Header of 80 NB connected to Drain oil tank of capacity 5 cum is Installed at lowest level of unloading pump house.Oil from drain oil Tank to storage tank is to be transferred by 4 cum/hr capacity ,Screw pump named Drain Pump thorugh 50 NB Drain Oil return header.

Drain tonne capacity each






Drain Oil p/p

4. tonne capacity eachAUX STEAM & CONDENSATE SYSTEM:

  • Aux. Steam is being supplied from pressurising pump house area

    through 200 NB steam header.Steam is being received at a pressure

    of 16 kG/cm2 and 212 deg c.

  • Steam is drawn near each storage tank from the Aux steam header

    through 150 NB branch connection to supply steam to floor coil

    heater and suction heater.

  • Pressure reducing station is installed near unloading pump house

    to reduce the pressure of steam from 16 kg/cm2 to 4 kg/cm2.

  • Condensate from railway wagon is collected through steam trap

    station.For this purpose 42x2 nos steam trap stations have been

    installed along the railway tracks and 2 nos 100 Nb condensate header

    is provided along the oil unloading header.

  • 2 nos. condensate header is connected to 150 NB common condensate header which in turn connected to 5 cum capacity condensate flash tank.

  • Condensate from heaters are also taken to same flash tank and finally through 100 NB common header.


To maintain the temp. of oil in the piping and equipment at desired oil

Temperature,Electrical tracing tape is used.The tape used is constant

Wattage type series resistance type of tape.

The Oil temp. to be maintained is 65 deg c for HFO.


Following instruments & controls have been provided :

Pressure Indicator

Differntial Pressure gauge

Temperature Indicator

Temperature switch

Return oil tonne capacity each

From Unit


Suction HDR

Return Hdr






Steam to Atmosphere tonne capacity each

Return Steam

From Heater



Water to Sump Pit

Sump Pump

Temperature control of oil through Floor coil heater tonne capacity each:

For controlling Temp oil in storage tank through floor coil control

Valve (AS-CV_40-1,2,3) have been provided.Temperature in storage

Tank is sensed through temperature switch(TS-4,5,6),which open or

Close the solenoid valve as per predetermined temperature.(65 degc) set

In temperature switch.When temp falls below 65 degc,solenoid vv open

And instrument air from the instrument header flows through the

Solenoid vv to actuators of control vv to close the vv.

When temperature increases beyond 65 deg c ,solenoid vv is

Closed and control vv is closed by springs of the actuators.

Temperature control of oil through suction Heaters:

Temperature of oil in the suction heater is controlled by controlling the

Quantity of steam through the u tubes in suction heaters.For this purpose

Control vv with pneumati actuator is provided.Depending upon the

Temp. in the outflow branch of suction heater wrt to predetermined temp

(85 deg c),which is to be maintained,controller output air signal and Accordingly actuator opens or close the control v/v to the event required continously.

7. tonne capacity eachOIL WATER SEPARATOR SYSTEM:

  • For draining water and spilled oil from the total fuel oil unloading trench, a sump pit is provided. Condensate from flash tank is also drained to this sump pit.

  • Two nos. of vertical non-clog type sump pump of Capacity 30 cum/hr is installed in sump pit.When the level of water with oil attains highest level one of the sump pump is started automatically. Oil- water mixture from delivery of sump pit is taken to oil-water Separator channel.

  • At the far end of oil-water separator pit water is collected in one chamber and from that free water is discharged in drain.Oil is collected in other chamber from where it is to disposed of manually.

Oil Guns tonne capacity each




Ef oil Gun tonne capacity each

Cd oil gun

Ab oil gun

From pressurising pump house

To storage tank

Short recircultation line

Long recirculation line

Oil gun tonne capacity each


Normal check up tonne capacity each:

1.Fuel oil tank level is adequate. 2.6 m

2.suction tank temp adequate. (50-80 deg c.)

3.Heating steam is available.

4.Pump & heater is properly line up.

5.Re circulation line is line up.

Routine check up:

1.Tank level (between 2.6 m to 85.m)

2.Tank temp(50-80 deg c)

3.Pump suction strainer DP(less than 1 ksc)

4.pump discharge pr(18-20 ksc)

5.Pump current (30-35 amps)

6.Heater outlet temp(120-130 deg c)

THANK YOU tonne capacity each