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Civil War. December 20, 1860. SC officially leaves the Union (U). This in response to Lincoln’s election and John Brown’s raid on Harpers Ferry. Soon 10 other states sucede. A Nation Divided. Fort Sumter.

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December 20 1860
December 20, 1860

  • SC officially leaves the Union (U). This in response to Lincoln’s election and John Brown’s raid on Harpers Ferry. Soon 10 other states sucede.



Fort sumter
Fort Sumter

  • Confederates attack federal military fort. This is the official start of the Civil War. The confederates (C) won this strategic fort.

    4/12/1861


Border states
Border States

  • Southern slave holding states that decided to remain loyal to the U. (DE, MD, MO, and KY.) They hinder the free of slaves during the war.



Main goal of union army in the east
Main Goal of Union Army in the East

  • To take control of the southern capitol, Richmond, VA.


Robert e lee
Robert E. Lee

  • General for C. throughout the whole war after 1st Battle of Bull Run. Mil. man that was smart and daring.


George b mcclellan
George B McClellan

  • Trained the U. Forces and later general for the U. He was overly cautious.


1 st battle of bull run
1st Battle of Bull Run

  • Winner: C

  • Significance: U. realized it would not be a short war. Realized they needed to train troops.


Seven days battle
Seven Days Battle

  • Winner: C

  • Significance: U. retreated from Richmond, VA. Lincoln decides to attack Richmond straight on


2 nd battle of bull run
2nd Battle of Bull Run

  • Winner: C.

  • Significance: Union is pushed back into the North. Lee decides to follow them.


Antietam
Antietam

  • Winner: U.

  • Significance: Bloodiest single day in Civil War. McClellan was replaced by Ambrose Burnside. Lincoln decided to issue the Emancipation Proclamation.


Anaconda plan
Anaconda Plan

  • The N. blockaded S. shipping. The S. economy was crippled because of it. Ships entering the S. went from 6,000 to 800.


Ironclads
Ironclads

  • The S. armored their ship (Virginia) with iron in order to break the blockade. The N. quickly made an ironclad (Monitor) for themselves.


Ulysses s grant
Ulysses S Grant

  • U. gen in the W. and later over all of the U. troops. He attacked the S. very aggressively.


Strategy in west
Strategy in West

  • To cut C. States in half along the Mississippi River. This would keep them away from food supplies.


Shiloh
Shiloh

  • Winner: U.

  • Significance: Bloodiest battle up to this point. U now controls the Western U.S.


New orleans
New Orleans

  • Winner: U

  • Significance: Advanced into S Territory. S. lost biggest trading post.


Vicksburg
Vicksburg

  • Victory: U.

  • Significance: U. takes control of Mississippi River. C. is divided in half.


Emancipation proclamation
Emancipation Proclamation

  • An order issued (Sep 22, 1862) by President Lincoln freeing the slaves in areas rebelling against the U., it would take effect on January 1, 1863.


Dilemma s of emancipation proclamation
Dilemma's of Emancipation Proclamation:

  • Lincoln free the slaves under rebel control. Rebels did not tell slaves they were free.

  • Border states still can have slaves.


Reaction to the emancipation proclamation
Reaction to the Emancipation Proclamation:

  • African Americans and abolitionist community were ecstatic.

  • Slaves in the S fled to the Union when the army was near.

  • Northern Democrats feared the slaves would take their jobs.



54 th massachusetts infantry
54th Massachusetts Infantry

  • The first all African American regiment in U.S. history. Half of the regiment was killed in the battle for Ft. Wagner.


Opposition to the war
Opposition to the War

  • Copperheads: Midwesterners that sympathized with the S. and opposed abolition. They were considered a threat to the war.


Lincoln s reaction to opposition
Lincoln’s Reaction to Opposition

  • Suspend Habeas Corpus (the protection from unlawful imprisonment) to anyone that was a potential threat.



Fredericksburg
Fredericksburg

  • Victory: C

  • Significance: Ambrose Burnside is replaced by Joseph Hooker.


Chancellorsville
Chancellorsville

  • Victory: C

  • Significance: Lee’s right hand man, “Stonewall” Jackson is killed. Lee chases Union into the North. Hooker is replaced by Meade.


Gettysburg
Gettysburg

  • Victory: U

  • Sig: Turned the tides against the C. N does not chase C. No foreign country will help the S. This is the turning point of the war.


Gettysburg address
Gettysburg Address

  • Praised the bravery of Union Soldiers. Reminded the nation why they were fighting this war.


Wilderness campaign
Wilderness Campaign

  • Victory: No clear winner

  • Significance: Grant took control, U. would chase Lee from now on.


Sherman s march to the sea
Sherman’s March to the Sea

  • Victory: U.

  • Significance: S. lost Atlanta, marched to Savannah. Destroying everything in his path. Resentment for generations.


Appomattox courthouse
Appomattox Courthouse

  • Lee surrenders and essentially ended the Civil War


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