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It’s Showtime: The Harlem Renaissance 1915-1945. Jan Smith Travelers Rest High School December 10 2002. What is a Renaissance?. Blossoming of culture Usually an emulation of previous artistic movements; thus, a rebirth of those movements

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it s showtime the harlem renaissance 1915 1945

It’s Showtime: The Harlem Renaissance1915-1945

Jan Smith

Travelers Rest High School

December 10 2002

what is a renaissance
What is a Renaissance?
  • Blossoming of culture
  • Usually an emulation of previous artistic movements; thus, a rebirth of those movements
  • Affects areas of arts, sports, science, literature, politics
characteristics of the harlem renaissance
Characteristics of the Harlem Renaissance
  • Celebration of African American culture

in novels, poetry, paintings, sculpture, and music

  • Harlem: due to the “Great Migration” and many publishing opportunities, center of black creative work
  • Renaissance: more of a birth than a rebirth, since previous efforts were primarily solitary
influences of the harlem renaissance
Influences of the Harlem Renaissance
  • Death of Booker T. Washington in 1915

promoted survival

through

compromise

little change in race

relations and the

economic status of

black people

more influences of the harlem renaissance
More Influences of the Harlem Renaissance
  • The Great Migration of 1915-1920: influx of black population into Harlem from the south and West Indies
  • Increasing confidence due to involvement of the NAACP, National Urban League, and the Association for the Study of Negro Life and History
themes of the harlem renaissance
Themes of the Harlem Renaissance
  • 1915-1930: “racial affirmation”
  • 1930-1945: “radical racial protest”
important literary figures
Important Literary Figures
  • Federal Writer’s Project:

~Margaret Walker

~Ralph Ellison

~Zora Neale Hurston

  • James Weldon Johnson
  • Countee Cullen
  • Langston Hughes
zora neale hurston
Zora Neale Hurston
  • Author of Their Eyes Were Watching God
  • Writer employed by the Federal Writer’s project
  • Researched folklore of the Floridas for the WPA
  • Writing is mostly “apolitical” and focuses on women’s concerns
the apollo theater one showcase of african american talent
The Apollo Theater: One Showcase of African American Talent
  • Located in Harlem
  • Showcase of talent
  • Legend of the tree stump
the lafayette theater
The Lafayette Theater
  • Home to Orson Wells production of the “Voodoo Macbeth”
  • Part of Federal Theaters Project
  • Set in Caribbean and featured Haitian Witch doctors instead of witches
  • African American Actors and Actresses
bill bojangles robinson
Bill “Bojangles” Robinson
  • Tap dancer
  • Vaudeville
  • Movies

Shirley Temple

Stormy Weather

Hot Mikado

jazz music
Jazz Music
  • Out of the Harlem Renaissance grew the popularity of jazz music
  • Harlem Rent parties:

used to raise rent money

~featured jazz artists as entertainment

  • Jazz greats such as Duke Ellington, got their start in these rent parties
despite all of the advancements
Despite all of the advancements…
  • Racism was a continuing problem

~Theme continued throughout literature and music

  • Patronizing of black artists
but it was only the beginning
But it was only the Beginning…
  • allowed greater exposure of black culture and artistic ability
  • Further increased artistic and political confidence
sources
Sources
  • All photographs are from the American Memory Collection of the Library of Congress

memory.loc.gov

  • “Renaissance and Radicalisim:1915-1945.” Black Writers of America. Richard Barksdale and Kenneth Kinnamon, eds. New Jersey: Prentice Hall, 1972. 467-479.
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