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HSP3M. A Review of the Disciplines. What are the Social Sciences?. Anthropology – the study or the origin, the behaviour, the physical, social, and cultural development of humans. What are the Social Sciences?.

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A Review of the Disciplines

What are the Social Sciences?

  • Anthropology – the study or the origin, the behaviour, the physical, social, and cultural development of humans

What are the Social Sciences?

  • Sociology – the study of human social behaviour and the institutions and organizations that form society; the study of how groups of people who share common characteristics function

What are the Social Sciences?

  • Psychology – the study of mental processes and human behaviour

The Montreal Assault

  • See text (p.4) for specific details

The Montreal Assault

An anthropologist would ask:

  • How did the environment influence the decisions of the people involved?

  • What violent experiences had there been in this community?

  • Could cultural factors have influenced decisions?

The Montreal Assault

A psychologist would ask:

  • Why did people not call for help?

  • Why did they obey their supervisor?

  • What factors led the girl to this location?

The Montreal Assault

A sociologist would ask:

  • What factors influenced the decisions of the supervisor, the employees who did not respond, and the employee who did make the 911 call?

  • What were the ethnic or cultural backgrounds of the employees, supervisor, and girl?

  • Were there any factors, such as gender, race, age, or economic status, that might have influenced the assumptions of the supervisor and employees?

The OC Transpo Killing

  • Read the handout of the 1999 OC Transpo murders

  • In groups of 2 explain what main question each discipline would ask to help understand this event

  • Include their explanation based on the information presented in the handout

A Psychological Explanation

  • Psychologists would examine his life in detail in order to answer:

    What factors in his personality led Lebrun to commit this crime?

A Psychological Explanation

  • Assume that personality is moulded by a combination of biological factors as well as prior experiences

  • Lebrun had made 50 visits to doctors complaining of stomach cramps, insomnia, depression, diarrhea and other ailments

  • He had suffered from delusions

  • He had been bullied at work for a speech impediment

A Sociological Explanation

  • Sociologists would be interested in answering:

    What common sociologic factors are there in the lives of people who have gone on shooting sprees at their former place of work?

A Sociological Explanation

  • Some common characteristics of people who have gone on shooting rampages are:

    - unpopular loner

    - low tolerance for frustration and anger

    - harassed at work

    - low self-esteem

    - own/possess rifles and other guns

An Anthropological Explanation

  • Anthropologists would be interested in:

    What were the values of the culture in which he grew up & later worked?

An Anthropological Explanation

  • Assumption is that there are factors in Canadian culture and the “subculture” of OC Transpo that encouraged Lebrun’s behaviour

  • Powerful images of violence are widespread in today’s Canadian culture (sports, media, video games)

An Anthropological Explanation

  • Evidence at the OC Transpo inquest revealed a poisonous environment, characterized by hostility and aggression

  • There was little respect between managers and employees

  • “Macho” behaviour was reported with much talk about women and teasing Lebrun for his stutter

How might an anthroplogist, psychologist and sociologist, explain the following incidents?

A group of thugs attack and injure two men they see coming out of a gay bar

A church group sponsors a refugee family from a war-torn country

Canadian peacekeeping troops put their lives at risk in a foreign country, where a civil war may break out again

Soccer fans overseas riot and get in fist fights with opposing fans after a World Cup qualifying game

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