Prague
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PRAGUE. The magical city of bridges , cathedrals , gold - tipped towers and church domes , whose image has been mirrored in the surface of the Vltava river for more than ten centuries . Prague is also a modern European metropolis full of energy , music, and art. CONTENTS:.

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Prague

PRAGUE


Prague

Themagical city ofbridges, cathedrals, gold-tippedtowersandchurchdomes, whose image has beenmirrored in thesurfaceofthe Vltava riverfor more than ten centuries. Pragueisalso a modernEuropeanmetropolisfullofenergy, music, andart.


Contents

CONTENTS:

  • Introduction

  • History

  • Main sights

  • Culture

  • Colleges and universities

  • Sport

  • Miscellaneous

  • Prague as a venue


Introduction

  • Pragueisthecapitalandlargest city oftheCzechRepublic

  • NicknamesforPrague: „MotherofCities“ „City of a Hundredspires“ „Golden City“

  • ThenamePraguecomesfromanold Slavic root (praga), whichmeans „ford“

  • Situated on the Vltava River in central Bohemia

  • Prague has beenthepolitical, culturalandeconomic centre oftheCzechstatefor more than 1100 years

INTRODUCTION:


Prague

Area: 496 km

Population: 1 242 000


History

The city grew from a castle known as Vyšehrad to the multicultural capital

According to legends, Prague was founded by Libuše and her husband Přemysl, but that‘s not true

Prague‘s first nucleus was Prague castle

The city became the seat of the dukes, and later kings, of Bohemia

HISTORY


Libu e and p emysl

Libuše andpřemysl


Prague

King Vladislav II had a first bridge on the Vltava built in 1170 – the Judith Bridge (destroyed by flood in 1342)

The era of Charles IV (Luxemburg dynasty): He ordered the building of the New Town, monument Saint Vitus Cathedral and the Charles University

In the following two centuries, Prague strengthened its role as a merchant city

Many notewortthy Gothic buildings were erected including the Vladislav Hall of the Prague Castle


Charles iv

Charles Iv.


Prague

In 1526 the fervent Catholicism of its members was to bring them into conflict in Bohemia, where the Protestant ideas were at the time having increating succes

In 1576 was Rudolf II elected King of Bohemia, he chose Prague as his home, he was an art lover and the city became the capital of European culture


Rudolf ii

RUDOLF ii.


Prague

World War I ended with the defeat of the Austro-Hungarian Empire and the creation of Czechoslovakia

Prague was chosen as its capital and Prague Castle as the seat of president (T. G. Masaryk)

At this time Prague was a true European capital with hightly developed industry


T g masaryk

T. G. MASARYK


Main sights

Prague has become one of Europe‘s most popular tourist destination (after London, Paris, Rome, Madrid and Berlin)

MAIN SIGHTS


The astronomical clock

Theastronomicalclock


Charles bridge

Charles bridge


Prague castle

Praguecastle


Vy ehrad castle

Vyšehrad castle


National museum

National museum


The national theatre

Thenationaltheatre


Old town hall

Oldtownhall


Bethlehem chapel

Bethlehemchapel


Lesser

lesser


Strahov monastery

Strahov monastery


Petrin tower

Petrintower


Prague zoo

Prague zoo


Culture

There are hundreds of concert halls, galleries, cinemas and music clubs in the city

Many films have been made at the Barrandov Studios (for example Mission Impossible or Blade II)

Prague has become a popular weekend city destination allowing tourists to visit its many museums and cultural sites as well as try its famous Czech beer and hearty cuisine

CULTURE


Colleges and universities

Several universities and colleges are located in the city:

Charles University (1348)

Czech Technical University (1707)

Academy of Arts (1800)

Institute of Chemical Technology (1920)

University of Economics

COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES


Sport

Prague is the site of many sports events, national stadiums and teams

Prague International Marathon

Slavia Prague

Sparta Prague

O2 arena

Strahov Stadium

Mystic SK8 Cup

SPORT


Miscellaneous

Prague is also the site of some of the most important offices and institutions of the Czech Republic:

President of the Czech Republic

The Government and both houses of Parliament

Czech Television

Radio Online

Prague Institute for Global Urban Development

MISCELLANEOUS


Prague as a venue

Recent major events held in Prague:

NATO

International Monetary Fund and World Bank

International Olympic Committee

International Astronomical Union

EU

PRAGUE AS A VENUE


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