India and pakistan since independence
Download
1 / 44

INDIA AND PAKISTAN SINCE INDEPENDENCE - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 185 Views
  • Uploaded on

INDIA AND PAKISTAN SINCE INDEPENDENCE. PARTITION. JINNAH AND PAKISTAN. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ElEYZ_BJl0M&feature=fvw. BORDER CEREMONY. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hjcF6lmBqGs. The problem of Kashmir. Kashmir is India’s only Muslim majority territory

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about ' INDIA AND PAKISTAN SINCE INDEPENDENCE' - loring


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript


Jinnah and pakistan
JINNAH AND PAKISTAN

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ElEYZ_BJl0M&feature=fvw


Border ceremony
BORDER CEREMONY

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hjcF6lmBqGs


The problem of kashmir
The problem of Kashmir

  • Kashmir is India’s only Muslim majority territory

  • India accuses Pakistan of waging a proxy war by arming militants

  • Jammu’s population is 2/3 Hindu

  • Kashmiris never voted; extremists/separatists were born

  • Why did the U.S. adopt Pakistan as its ally?


Kashmir conflict
KASHMIR CONFLICT

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8rmUiLwy7kI&safety_mode=true&persist_safety_mode=1&safe=active


Indian politics

Nehru (1947)>>

Indian Politics

<<Indira Gandhi (1966-77, 80-84)

Rajiv Gandhi>> (1984-89)

>> Singh (2004-now)


Nehru
NEHRU

  • LEFT BRITISH-TRAINED CIVIL SERVICE INTACT

  • INDIA A “ONE-PARTY DEMOCRACY” – Nehru was very popular and respected

  • Prime minister 1948-1966, when he died

  • NEUTRAL IN COLD WAR

  • FIVE YEAR PLANS

  • SOCIALIST ECONOMY – low growth rate. Highly controlled. Private businesses had “license raj.”


Indira gandhi
INDIRA GANDHI

  • NEHRU’S DAUGHTER

  • NOT RELATED TO MAHATMA GANDHI

  • POPULAR BUT ECONOMY DID POORLY IN 1970s

  • P.M. 1966-1977, 1980-84. ASSASSINATED BY A SIKH BODYGUARD.


A fake emergency india remains a democracy
A FAKE “EMERGENCY” – INDIA REMAINS A DEMOCRACY

  • INDIRA GANDHI TRIES TO GAIN DICTATORIAL POWERS WHEN SHE’S ACCUSED OF CORRUPTION IN 1975

  • JANATA DAL PARTY DEFEATS CONGRESS IN ELECTIONS IN 1977, RESTORES FULL DEMOCRACY AND CIVIL RIGHTS – First time Congress party is defeated.

  • DESPITE ITS PROBLEMS, INDIA REMAINS COMMITTED TO POLITICAL DEMOCRACY


Rajiv gandhi
RAJIV GANDHI

  • INDIRA’S SON

  • POPULAR

  • INTERVENES IN SRI LANKA CIVIL WAR

  • P.M. FROM 1984 UNTIL ASSASSINATED BY TAMIL SEPARATISTS IN 1991


More gandhis
MORE GANDHIS

  • Indira’s other son, Sanjay, died in a plane crash in 1980.

  • Rajiv’s widow, Sonia, is Italian-born. She is president of the Congress party.

  • Controversy about whether she should run for higher office.


Economic reforms 1991 the big change
ECONOMIC REFORMS – 1991 – THE BIG CHANGE

  • MANMOHAN SINGH becomes finance minister in 1991

  • Engineers major reforms to loosen up government control of the economy

  • Economic takeoff in past 20 years.

  • Singh is currently Prime Minister

  • Member of Congress Party



Hindu muslim tensions
HINDU-MUSLIM TENSIONS

  • Ayodhya riots

  • Mumbai riots

  • 1992-93. Thousands dead.


Hindu nationalism
HINDU NATIONALISM

  • BJP Party wins national elections in 1998.

  • Favors confrontation with Pakistan

  • Develops nuclear weapons program, acccomplishes little else.


India s assets
INDIA’S ASSETS

  • GOOD TRANSPORTATION INFRASTRUCTURE BUILT BY BRITISH (RAILROAD NETWORK)

  • PUSH FOR EDUCATION – MANY WELL-TRAINED PEOPLE

  • HUGE MIDDLE CLASS

  • HIGH TECH INDUSTRIES – CENTERED IN BANGALORE

  • WORLD’S BIGGEST DEMOCRACY

  • POLITICAL STABILITY

  • COMMON USE OF ENGLISH BY EDUCATED PEOPLE

  • ABLE TO FEED ITSELF THANKS TO “GREEN REVOLUTION”


Bollywood world s largest movie industry
BOLLYWOODWORLD’S LARGEST MOVIE INDUSTRY


India s problems
INDIA’S PROBLEMS

  • MASSIVE POVERTY

  • CONFLICT BETWEEN CASTES & RELIGIONS

  • THREE WARS WITH PAKISTAN OVER KASHMIR – TERRORISTS FROM KASHMIR; 1962 border war with China

  • NUCLEAR STANDOFF WITH PAKISTAN



Pakistan and bangladesh countries which were muslim parts of british india before partition
PAKISTAN AND BANGLADESH – Countries which were Muslim parts of British India before partition


Pakistan
PAKISTAN parts of British India before partition

  • ORIGINALLY TWO TERRITORIES, A THOUSAND MILES APART, SPEAKING TWO UNRELATED LANGUAGES

  • WEST PAKISTAN DOMINATED

  • WEST PAKISTAN HAD FERTILE LAND ONLY IN THE INDUS RIVER SYSTEM


Political history
POLITICAL HISTORY parts of British India before partition

  • PAKISTAN ALTERNATED BETWEEN ELECTED DEMOCRACY AND MILITARY DICTATORSHIP

  • Shown at left: Zulfikar and Benazir Bhutto


Pakistan politics

Jinnah (1947)>> parts of British India before partition

Pakistan Politics

<<Zulfikar Bhutto (1973-77)

Benazir Bhutto>> (1988-90, 93-96)

Sharif (1990-93, 97-99)

Zardari (now)

<< Musharraf (1999-2008)


Benazir bhutto
BENAZIR BHUTTO parts of British India before partition

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jj8zqwfB3DM


Creation of bangladesh
CREATION OF BANGLADESH parts of British India before partition

  • In 1970s, Pakistani dictator Ayub Khan cracked down on politicians inEast Pakistan.

  • In 1971 election, East Pakistani leader Sheik Mujibur Rahman (right) won national elections.

  • The military government refused to accept the results.

  • East Pakistan seceded and became independent with help from India.


Bangladesh
BANGLADESH parts of British India before partition

  • Soon after independence, Bangladesh was hit with massive floods and famine


Bangladesh1
BANGLADESH parts of British India before partition

  • LAND OF RIVER DELTAS – VERY PRODUCTIVE LAND

  • PERIODIC FLOODING BECAUSE OF MONSOONS

  • EXTREME POVERTY

  • FEARS TODAY OF ISLAMIC EXTREMISM

  • POLITICAL SYSTEM IS DEMOCRATIC BUT NOT VERY STABLE.


Bangladesh flooding a perennial problem
BANGLADESH FLOODING: A PERENNIAL PROBLEM parts of British India before partition

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=R3ax_v1Bnjc


Pakistan today
PAKISTAN TODAY parts of British India before partition

  • MILITARY DICTATORSHIP SINCE 2000

  • HISTORICALLY, AN ALLY OF THE U.S.

  • AMBIGUOUS ROLE IN TERRORISM


Pakistan s ethnic groups
Pakistan’s Ethnic groups parts of British India before partition

  • Punjabi: majority ethnic group that dominates politics and army

  • Pashtun: mountain region on the border of Afghanistan; government has little control over them; fierce protectors of their land & guests

  • Sindi: mostly rural, it is dominated by feudal families, like the Bhuttos

  • Baluch: sparsely settled; heroin smuggling is high; very poor


Pakistan s connection with islamic terrorism
PAKISTAN’S CONNECTION WITH ISLAMIC TERRORISM parts of British India before partition

  • In 1980, military dictator of Pakistan solidified his power by passing Islamization program, instituting sharia or Islamic law.

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Relib-D3Uq8&feature=related


PAKISTANI INTELLIGENCE SECRETLY AIDED THE TALIBAN IN AFGHANISTAN, AND IN TERROR ATTACKS ON INDIA FROM KASHMIR


Madrasas
MADRASAS AFGHANISTAN, AND IN TERROR ATTACKS ON INDIA FROM KASHMIR


Northwest frontier
NORTHWEST FRONTIER AFGHANISTAN, AND IN TERROR ATTACKS ON INDIA FROM KASHMIR

LITTLE GOVERNMENT CONTROL OVER ARMED SEMI-NOMADIC TRIBES

OSAMA PROBABLY HIDING IN MOUNTAINS THERE


The islamic bomb
THE “ISLAMIC BOMB” AFGHANISTAN, AND IN TERROR ATTACKS ON INDIA FROM KASHMIR

  • PAKISTAN EXPLODED ITS FIRST NUCLEAR DEVICE IN DESERT IN 1998.

  • DR. A.Q. KHAN RESPONSIBLE FOR ITS SECRET DEVELOPMENT, AND SHARED TECHNOLOGY WITH “ROGUE STATES” LIKE LIBYA, NORTH KOREA, MAYBE OTHERS


Nuclear crisis
NUCLEAR CRISIS AFGHANISTAN, AND IN TERROR ATTACKS ON INDIA FROM KASHMIR


Near nuclear confrontation over kashmir in 1998
NEAR-NUCLEAR CONFRONTATION OVER KASHMIR IN 1998 AFGHANISTAN, AND IN TERROR ATTACKS ON INDIA FROM KASHMIR

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WwGNg0Uwry8&feature=related&safety_mode=true&persist_safety_mode=1&safe=active


The end of musharaf
THE END OF MUSHARAF? AFGHANISTAN, AND IN TERROR ATTACKS ON INDIA FROM KASHMIR

  • Musharaf dismissed the Supreme Court after he stepped down as head of the army

  • Lawyers protested


Assassination of benazir bhutto
ASSASSINATION OF BENAZIR BHUTTO AFGHANISTAN, AND IN TERROR ATTACKS ON INDIA FROM KASHMIR

  • Prior to parliamentary elections, opposition leaders were allowed back into the country

  • Benazir Bhutto returned, was assassinated


New prime minister sworn in transition back to democracy
NEW PRIME MINISTER SWORN IN – TRANSITION BACK TO DEMOCRACY?

  • Has freed imprisoned judges

  • Army remains strongest institution in country

  • Rebellion in Baluchistan province

  • Problems of poverty and lack of development


ad