HAPPY CINCO DE MAYO!. The holiday of Cinco de Mayo is primarily a regional holiday in Mexico, celebrated in the state of Puebla . There is some limited recognition of the holiday in other parts of the country.  For the most part the celebrations combine food, music and dancing.
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The holiday commemorates an initial victory of Mexican forces led by General Ignacio Zaragoza Seguín over French forces in the Battle of Puebla on May 5, 1862. The date is observed in the United States and other locations around the world as a celebration of Mexican heritage and pride.
Although the Mexican army was victorious over the French at Puebla, the victory only delayed the French invasion of Mexico City; a year later, the French occupied Mexico. The French occupying forces placed Maximilian I, Emperor of Mexico on the throne of Mexico. The French were eventually defeated and expelled in 1867. Maximilian was executed by President Benito Juarez, five years after the Battle of Puebla.
Key Events Early Presidents
took place on April 30, 1789.
the ceremony of swearing
a public official into office.
Noon, Jan. 20 for Pres.
“I do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will faithfully execute the office of President of the United States, and will to the best of my ability, preserve, protect, and defend the Constitution of the United States.”
New York City
(had ran against Washington & lost)
-As the first President,
he is not quite sure what to do or how to act. He has no examples to follow.
-He has to carry out the
-the 13 states did not
always work together well.
-Huge national debt:
owed: $81.5 million
Receives: $4.5 million
-Relations with Britain and France worsen.
war in Europe; Interfering with our trade and ships.
This is setting an example that others follow.
1.Examples of precedents
established by Washington
& copied by other Presidents:
1.The Chief Executive
Should be called President:
parade in public and shake
accept invitations to go
to someone’s house for
of expert advisors Yes, the cabinet.
Every Pres. has had one.
as President more than 2 terms.
person should serve more than
Franklin D. Roosevelt
amendment limits the
number of terms one person
may serve as President now?
one term = 4 years
the Presidency to
2 terms or 10 years.
III. The Cabinet
a group of the President’s closest advisors who lead executive branch departments.
say about the Cabinet?
It doesn’t. It says
the President may
officials with approval of the Senate.
had a cabinet?
(Andrew Jackson has his official cabinet & one called the “Kitchen Cabinet.”)
Secretary of the
advice to the Pres.
Secretary of WarWar
advice to Pres.
gives legal advice
to Exec. Branch
(No longer on Cabinet)Postal Service
Depts. How does this compare to
there are 15 depts. today. The newest dept. is
the Dept. of Homeland
7. Sec. of AgricultureT. Vilsack
8. Sec. of LaborH. Solis
9. Sec. of Health & Human Services
10. Sec. of Housing & Urban Development
11. Sec. of Transportation: R. LaHood
12. Sec. of Energy S. Chu
13. Sec of EducationA. Duncan
14. Sec. of Veterans AffairsE. Shinseki
15. Sec. of Homeland Security J. Napolitano
Cabinet positions is no longer
part of the cabinet?
War is called The Dept. of
Judicial Branch to be made
ofone supreme court and
lower courts established
passed a law establishing
the federal court system:
Federal Judiciary Act of 1789
Board diagram and labels
court judge:One must be appointed
by the President and
approved by the Senate.
3. # of justices on the
Supreme Court today:
to deal with the debt problems?
the debts of the states from
the war. Why?It is easier to organize payment of one amount rather
Purposes:It will be a place where
the federal govt. may keep its money.
It can earn money too.
How did the bank
earn money?Gives loans and charges interest.
Invests in other businesses
A bond is a certificate that promises to pay the holder a certain amount of money when it matures on a certain date.
How do savings bonds work?
Buy from a bank;
The bond is purchased at a
price of about half the bond’s
The holder of the bond will be able to cash the bond in after a period of time for an increased value.
When the bond matures it is worth close to the value printed on it.
A tariff isa tax on certain
Who do they protect?
They are to protect American goods & business from cheaper foreign goods & unfair competition.
It taxed what?All liquor made and sold in the U.S. including corn whiskey made by farmers.
What group complained
Corn grew abundantly in the Central Plains.
To sell surplus corn, farmers left home and took it by wagon to far off cities. This was a long and difficult trip by wagon for many.
Turning the corn into whiskey seemed to be a solution.
A group of Western Pennsylvanian farmers
Made protest speeches
Refused to pay the tax
do?He sent 15,000 militia
to stop the rebellion!
He wanted to send a clear message the job of the President is to
enforce the law.
The militia showed up and the rebellion ended.
Leaders promised to obey the law & Washington sent them home.
6. Message:“The Federal government will act firmly in times of crisis.”
VI Foreign Problems
issues dealing within the U.S.
issues outside the U.S. with other countries.
The storming & taking of the Bastille (fortress/ prison)
French king & queen?King Louis XVI, Queen Marie Antoinette, and much of their government were beheaded.
Terror?”After the fall of the govt. several groups struggled for power. Many executions;
declared war on France.
Why?They wanted to crush the dangerous ideas of overthrowing the govt. by revolution & put a king back on the throne.
-Who will France ask to help?
Why?France helped us in our revolution.
to not take sides in a
2. French Reaction: U.S. has betrayed them. We have broken the treaty signed in the Amer. Rev.
2. U.S. Problem: the U.S. will trade with both sides.
U.S. is not ready for war. If we enter we may lose.
War would increase our
The treaty with France was with a govt. that no longer exists.
Beganstopping our trading ships & taking cargo.
Impressment is the taking of crew from one country’s ships and forcing them to serve in a foreign navy.
Americans to what country
to discuss worsening
problems over trade.
These three Americans wished to speak with Foreign Minister Charles Talleyrand
When they arrive in France they will be ignored by the French government.
3 French agents come to their room. They introduce themselves as Agents X,Y, & Z
For the Americans to speak to Talleyrand…
The U.S. must give Talleyrand $250,000 bribe.
The U.S. must loan France $10 million.
The Americans refused and came home.
Many Americans called for war.
2. The lawallows the President to expel from the country any foreigner “thought to be dangerous.”
Many immigrants were favoring the Dem.-Rep.s in the upcoming election. Immigrants from France especially were critical of the Federalists.
stir up rebellion
the process of an immigrant becoming a citizen of the U.S..
lengthens the time it takes to become a citizen from 5 to 14 yrs.
Non-citizens can’t vote
Huge losses for the Federalist party in the next election
Adams is not reelected.
(3rd place out of 4)