Birth of unions and unionism
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Birth of Unions and Unionism. What were working conditions like in the late 1800s? Good? Who was part of the working class ? Men? Women ? Children ? Where could we find poor working conditions? What examples of poor working conditions could we find ?.

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Birth of Unions and Unionism

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Birth of unions and unionism

Birth of Unions and Unionism

  • Whatwereworking conditions like in the late 1800s? Good?

  • Whowas part of the working class? Men? Women? Children?

  • Wherecouldwefindpoorworking conditions?

  • Whatexamples of poorworking conditions couldwefind?


Birth of unions and unionism1

Birth of Unions and Unionism

  • Do you think workers tried to get better working conditions for themselves?

  • YES!!! How? Unions Unionism

  • Union = workers stand together to gain properworking conditions


Birth of unions and unionism2

Birth of Unions and Unionism

  • The first real unions for workersappeared in the 1820s (artisans): tailors et printers.

  • Agricultural unions in the mid 1800s

  • 1881 : Knightsof laborUnion

    • American Union that shows up in Quebec.

    • Popular for the workers but the churchwasagainstthis union.


Knights of labour hamilton 1880s

Knights of Labour-Hamilton 1880s


Birth of unions and unionism3

Birth of Unions and Unionism

  • 1886 : Workersform a proper union: C.M.T.C. (congres des métiers et du travail du Canada)


Birth of unions and unionism4

Birth of Unions and Unionism

Demands of the union :

  • Job security

  • Salary

  • Shorten the number of hours in a work day

  • Recognize the union

  • Protection for workers if there is a workplace accident (paid if hurt)


Birth of unions and unionism5

Birth of Unions and Unionism

WorkerStrikes:

  • Between 1850-1896 therewere more than 160 official strikes

  • A lot of strikeswererepressed by factoryowners, government like the Beauharnois strike(workersdigging a canal)

  • 20 dead workers and 40 wounded workers from the strike


Birth of unions and unionism

Port of Montreal workers on strike


Birth of unions and unionism6

Birth of Unions and Unionism

New Legislations (laws):

  • In 1872, the government of MacDonalddeclaresthat unions ARE NOT ILLEGAL

  • In 1885, first law to benefit workers (in factories especially)

  • Work week hours dropped to 60 hours a week for women

  • Work week hours dropped to 72.5 hours a week for men


Birth of unions and unionism7

Birth of Unions and Unionism

  • Minimal age for children to work:

  • Boys 12 yearsold and girls 14 yearsold

  • Permission from at least one parent in order for a child to work

  • 1886-1889 Macdonald starts a commission to investigate relationships between workers and companies


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