The threshold for an ART secondary prevention effect on HIV transmission among MSM has not been reac...
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The threshold for an ART secondary prevention effect on HIV transmission among MSM has not been reached despite high treatment uptake. Alison Brown , Valerie Delpech, Anne Presanis, Gary Murphy and Noel Gill. . Background :.

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Alison brown valerie delpech anne presanis gary murphy and noel gill

The threshold for an ART secondary prevention effect on HIV transmission among MSM has not been reached despite high treatment uptake

Alison Brown, Valerie Delpech,

Anne Presanis, Gary Murphy and Noel Gill.


Background

Background:

  • Viral load established as key predictor for HIV transmission; ART effective at individual level

  • From promise to programmes: the challenge of the treatment cascade

    In the UK:

  • MSM HIV prevalence 5% and sustained number of HIV diagnoses

  • HIV care provided free of charge

  • Nearly all diagnosed MSM are in HIV care

  • 82% of MSM in HIV care receive treatment


Alison brown valerie delpech anne presanis gary murphy and noel gill

Aims:

Assess the impact of high ART coverage on HIV transmission among MSM through:

  • Community viral load

  • Number/proportion of population who are infective (viral load >1500 copies)

  • Markers of HIV incidence


Methods

Methods:

  • Observational study of HIV-infected MSM in the UK, 2006-2010

  • Comprehensive, national surveillance data and modelling techniques determined:

    • Number HIV+ MSM (diagnosed and undiagnosed)

    • ART coverage

    • Number & proportion of HIV-infected MSM who were infective (viral load >1500 copies/mL)

    • HIV incidence indicators and the estimated number of infective MSM


Number of hiv positive msm and proportion diagnosed and treated uk 2006 10

Number of HIV positive MSM,and proportion diagnosed and treated UK: 2006-10


Alison brown valerie delpech anne presanis gary murphy and noel gill

Number of HIV-infected MSM, and proportion infective (VL>1500 copies) by diagnostic and treatment status, UK: 2010


Distribution of infective msm among hiv infected msm uk 2010

Distribution of infective MSM * among HIV-infected MSM, UK: 2010


Annual hiv incidence in msm england wales 2001 2010 birrell et al

Annual HIV incidence in MSM, England & Wales: 2001-2010 (Birrell et al.)


Annual hiv incidence in msm england wales 2001 2010 birrell et al1

Annual HIV incidence in MSM, England & Wales: 2001-2010 (Birrell et al.)

Also, between 2006-2010:

- Number of new diagnoses increased

- Median age & CD4 count at diagnosis stable

- 25% of MSM newly diagnosed were recently infected (2009-10)


Why is hiv transmission continuing

Why is HIV transmission continuing?

And…

And…

in 2010 only 15-25% of MSM had an HIV test


Conclusions

Conclusions:

  • UK access to HIV testing and treatment is excellent

  • Despite very high ART coverage, HIV transmission has not decreased among MSM

  • HIV incidence probably would have been much higher without extensive ART coverage

  • Undiagnosed probable source of most new infections

  • Higher rates of testing are required to reduce late diagnoses

  • Primary prevention remains key

    • Safer sex campaigns and behavioural interventions

    • Role of partner notification needs expanding


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