To make connections between pleasantville and historical events
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To make connections between Pleasantville and historical events. Group Work. In your groups, you will be given a piece of butcher’s paper. You are to research the images presented and respond to the focus questions. You are then to share you findings with the class. 1933 Nazi Book Burning.

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To make connections between pleasantville and historical events

To make connections between Pleasantville and historical events


Group work

Group Work

  • In your groups, you will be given a piece of butcher’s paper.

  • You are to research the images presented and respond to the focus questions.

  • You are then to share you findings with the class.


1933 nazi book burning

1933 Nazi Book Burning

Why did the Nazis burn books?

How does this relate to Pleasantville?

How does it make you feel?


Jim crow laws

Jim Crow Laws

What were the Jim Crow laws?

How are they portrayed in Pleasantville?

What have you learned?

How do these laws make you feel?


To make connections between pleasantville and historical events

Bitter Times

Jim Crow ruled the South from about 1890 to well into the 1960s. Four generations of African Americas endured this system of segregation. Present day race relations in the United States continue to be affected by this history. The Jim Crow system emerged towards the end of the historical period called Reconstruction, during which Congress had enacted laws designed to order relations between Southern whites and newly freed blacks, and to bring the secessionist states back into the Union. Southern whites felt profoundly threatened by increasing claims by African Americans for social equality and economic opportunity. In reaction, white-controlled state legislatures passed laws designed to rob blacks of their civil rights and prevent blacks from mingling with their "betters" in public places.


To make connections between pleasantville and historical events

All railroad companies are hereby required to provide separate cars or coaches for the travel and transportation of the white and colored passengers.—Maryland Law

All persons licensed to conduct a restaurant, shall serve either white people exclusively or colored people exclusively and shall not sell to the two races within the same room or under the same license.—Georgia Law


To make connections between pleasantville and historical events

"Behind the Veil"  |  

Communities "Behind the Veil"

The writer, scholar and activist, W.E.B. Du Bois described blacks as living "behind the veil" during Jim Crow. The metaphor described a vibrant social and political system developed by African Americans to bear the hardships of segregation and prejudice, behind which they remained largely invisible — and thereby unthreatening — to whites. Exclusion from white society forced blacks to build their own social institutions — churches, schools, social clubs — which were vital to fighting segregation, improving black economic conditions and generally "uplifting" the race.


To make connections between pleasantville and historical events

Any person guilty of printing, publishing or circulating matter urging or presenting arguments in favor of social equality or of intermarriage between whites and negroes, shall be guilty of a misdemeanor.—Mississippi Law

American Radio Works “Remembering Jim Crow” at http://http://americanradioworks.publicradio.org/features/remembering/veil.html accessed on 17 August 2007


To make connections between pleasantville and historical events

  • Jim Crow Laws

  • Starting in the 1890s, states throughout the South passed laws designed to prevent Black citizens from improving their status or achieving equality. These statutes, which together were known as Jim Crow, were in place and enforced until the 1950s and 60s. Here is a sampling of those laws, grouped by topic.

  • EDUCATION

  • Florida: The schools for white children and the schools for negro children shall be conducted separately.

  • Kentucky: The children of white and colored races committed to reform schools shall be kept entirely separate from each other.

  • Mississippi: Separate schools shall be maintained for the children of the white and colored races.

  • Mississippi: Separate free schools shall be established for the education of children of African descent; and it shall be unlawful for any colored child to attend any white school, or any white child to attend a colored school.

  • New Mexico: Separate rooms shall be provided for the teaching of pupils of African descent, and such pupils may not be admitted to the school rooms occupied and used by pupils of Caucasian or other descent.

  • North Carolina: School textbooks shall not be interchangeable between the white and colored schools, but shall continue to be used by the race first using them.


To make connections between pleasantville and historical events

  • ENTERTAINMENT

  • Alabama: It shall be unlawful to conduct a restaurant or other place for the serving of food in the city, at which white and colored people are served in the same room, unless such white and colored persons are effectually separated by a solid partition extending from the floor upward to a distance of seven feet or higher, and unless a separate entrance from the street is provided.

  • Alabama: It shall be unlawful for a negro and white person to play together or in company with each other at any game of pool or billiards.

  • Alabama: Every employer of white or negro males shall provide for such white or negro males reasonably accessible and separate toilet facilities.

  • Georgia: All persons licensed to conduct a restaurant, shall serve either white people exclusively or colored people exclusively and shall not sell to the two races within the same room or under the same license.

  • Georgia: It shall be unlawful for any amateur white baseball team to play on any vacant lot or baseball diamond within two blocks of a playground devoted to the Negro race, and it shall be unlawful for any amateur colored baseball team to play baseball within two blocks of any playground devoted to the white race.

  • Georgia: All persons licensed to conduct the business of selling beer or wine...shall serve either white people exclusively or colored people exclusively and shall not sell to the two races within the same room at any time.


To make connections between pleasantville and historical events

HEALTH CARE

Alabama: No person or corporation shall require any white female nurse to nurse in wards or rooms in hospitals, either public or private, in which negro men are placed.

Louisiana: The board of trustees shall maintain a separate building, on separate grounds, for the admission, care, instruction, and support of all blind persons of the colored or black race.

Mississippi: There shall be maintained by the governing authorities of every hospital maintained by the state for treatment of white and colored patients separate entrances for white and colored patients and visitors, and such entrances shall be used by the race only for which they are prepared.

HOUSING

Louisiana: Any person...who shall rent any part of any such building to a negro person or a negro family when such building is already in whole or in part in occupancy by a white person or white family shall be guilty of a misdemeanor.

Mississippi: The prison warden shall see that the white convicts shall have separate apartments for both eating and sleeping from the negro convicts.


To make connections between pleasantville and historical events

MARRIAGE

Arizona: The marriage of a person of Caucasian blood with a Negro shall be null and void.

Florida: All marriages between a white person and a negro, or between a white person and a person of negro descent to the fourth generation inclusive, are hereby forever prohibited.

Florida: Any negro man and white woman, or any white man and negro woman, who are not married to each other, who habitually live in and occupy in the nighttime the same room, shall each be punished by imprisonment not exceeding 12 months, or by fine not exceeding five hundred dollars.

Maryland: All marriages between a white person and a negro, or between a white person and a person of negro descent, to the third generation, inclusive…are forever prohibited, and shall be void.

Mississippi: The marriage of a white person with a negro or mulatto or person who shall have one-eighth or more of negro blood, shall be unlawful and void.

Wyoming: All marriages of white persons with Negroes, Mulattos, Mongolians, or Malaya hereafter contracted in the State of Wyoming are, and shall be, illegal and void.


To make connections between pleasantville and historical events

Segregation Ruled Unequal, and Therefore Unconstitutional

Psychologists Kenneth and Mamie Clark Ph.d demonstrated that segregation harmed Black children's self-images. Their testimony before the Supreme Court contributed to the landmark Supreme Court case that desegregated American public schools: Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, KS Findings

In their groundbreaking studies, Kenneth and Mamie Clark investigated black children's racial identification and preference. Using drawings and dolls of black and white children, these researchers asked Black preschool and elementary school children to indicate which drawing or doll they preferred and which drawing or doll looked most like them. They also asked children to color line drawings of children with the color that most closely matched their own skin color. The Clarks found that Black children often preferred the white doll and drawing, and frequently colored the line drawing of the child a shade lighter than their own skin. Samples of the children's responses illustrated that they viewed white as good and pretty, but black as bad and ugly.


To make connections between pleasantville and historical events

Clark and Clark concluded that many Black children at the time (1939-1950) "indicate a clear-cut preference for white and some of them evidence emotional conflict when requested to indicate a color preference. It is clear that the Negro child, by the age of five is aware of the fact that to be colored in contemporary American society is a mark of inferior status. A child accepts as early as six, seven or eight the negative stereotypes about his own group."

Clark and Clark's research prompted several future studies about racial identification and preference among minority children. 

Significance

Until 1954, public schools were racially segregated, meaning that Black and White children could be forced to attend different schools. A Supreme Court ruling from 1892, Plessy v. Ferguson, legitimized these children's "separate, but equal" educations. With the help of Clark and Clark's research findings, that illustrated the effect of prejudice and discrimination on personality development, the plaintiffs in Brown v. Board of Education were able to show that segregated schools were inherently unequal, and therefore unconstitutional.APA Online, “Segregation Ruled Unconstitutional” at http://www.psychologymatters.org/clark.html accessed on 17 August 2007


To make connections between pleasantville and historical events

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=17fEy0q6yqc

  • What did you learn?

  • How does this make you feel?


To make connections between pleasantville and historical events

Desegregation – Little Rock Central High

Current Clark Study

CNN 2003

MSNBC 2007


Ruby bridges 1954

Ruby Bridges 1954

What was Ruby Bridges the first to do?

What do you notice in the image?

How does this relate to Pleasantville?

How does this make you feel?


Rosa parks 1955

Rosa Parks 1955

What was Ruby Bridges the first to do?

What do you notice in the image?

How does this make you feel?


To make connections between pleasantville and historical events

Task

  • Write a newspaper article about these two key events.

  • Imagine that you are Ruby Bridges or Rosa Parks and write an account of the events.


Reflection

Reflection

  • Peer Assess

  • What went well?

  • Target?


  • Login