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Energy Action 2013, Dublin Energy Poverty and Social Housing [email protected] CECODHAS Housing Europe Unites Europe ’ s social housing providers.

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Energy Action 2013, Dublin

Energy Poverty and Social Housing

[email protected]

cecodhas housing europe unites europe s social housing providers
CECODHAS Housing Europe Unites Europe’s social housing providers
  • CECODHAS Housing Europe is the European Committee for social and cooperatives housing, a network of national and regional social housing federations gathering over 41 400 housing providers locally – cooperatives, associations, publicly owned housing companies and privately owned (not-for profit or limited-profit) housing companies.
  • Altogether our members manage over 27 million dwellings, about 11.7% of existing dwellings in the European Union.
share of social housing in the eu revealing diversity of housing systems
Share of social housing in the EU – revealing diversity of housing systems

Fonte: Housing Europe 2011, progetto in corso CECODHAS Housing Europe

thermal retrofit driven by eu the framework
Thermal retrofit driven by EU – The framework:
  • EU 20 20 Strategy: 20 EE 20 GHG 20 2050 Energy Strategy: 80% reduction
  • Energy Efficiency Directive: 3% refurbishment rate in existing public buildings, 1.5% primary energy reduction per year
  • EPBD: certification, nearly-Zero Energy Targets 2018 & 2020 and cost optimal methodology
  • ERDF: 20% for energy efficiency and renewables 2014 - 2020
internal drivers
Internal Drivers
  • Focus is on decent and affordable housing for all in strong neighbourhoods
  • Driver: Future proofing - social inclusion, demographic change, fuel poverty in some MS (changing!) , new social trends, as well as climate change
  • Fair Energy Transition
  • Energy efficient refurbishment should not lead to increasing rents, forcing people to leave their homes
  • The supply of new homes should not be reduced,due to budgets being diverted to meet energy challenges
  • Policies and funding schemes should embrace those hardest to reach, most likely to be in fuel poverty
  • Diversification of renewable energy production, rather than control
the facts
The facts
  • Common challenge: Not sufficient finance to renovate existing stock
  • 200 million houses in the EU 27
  • Average renovation rate: 0.3%
  • Average demolision 0.15%
  • Change of Scale and Speed is needed
  • Situation very different across the EU – potential for exchange of knowledge is very large
  • Main Obstacles: financing, skills gap, awareness
  • In South and East Europe: Fragmentation of Housing Ownership
cohesion policy 2014 2020 the potential
Cohesion Policy 2014 – 2020 – The Potential:
  • 60 billion public EU budget to EE – down to 50 billion after negotiations..
  • Generating 300 billion of investment
  • Creating 3.5 millions jobs or a minimum of 500.000 jobs each year

(In France, 4% of ERDF from 2007-2013 represent a public investment of 320 €millions creating 25.000jobs (15.000 already, 10.000 for the two remaining years); impacting more than 100.000 households)

  • An impact in reducing energy consumption of 14 millions households
  • Can we afford not to do it ? Keeping in mind also:
  • 52.08 m people cannot keep their home adequately warm
  • 161.42 m are facing disproportionate housing expenditure
  • 87.46 m are living in poor quality dwellings
  • 41.74 m face arrears on their utility bills
other funds
Other Funds

So many funds but are they any use?

European Investment Bank: ELENA technical assistance, JESSICA urban regeneration, EEEF fund

Energy Service Contracting/ ESCOs

Size, Interest Rates often not adapted, not adapted for those on fuel poverty

contradictions
Contradictions
  • EU – message is clear: Energy efficiency is in housing is a no regrets option – Top priority – Up-front investment needed.

BUT Investment blocks/disincentives at local level can include

  • EU Fiscal Consolidation;
  • EU State Aid laws;
  • Market regulation: Lack of correspondence; between reduced consumption and bills;
  • Undermining strategic sector
home is not a fridge
Home is not a fridge!!
  • 15% of refurb cost is community outreach;
  • Pre & Re-bound effect;
  • Fuel poverty – underheating;
  • Energy Advice – A new Service of General Interest
new funding streams
New Funding Streams?
  • Housing organisations to berecognised as energyefficiency and energyproducers;
  • 1.5% EnergyEfficiency Supplier Obligation ( EED)
  • CarbonCredits (CZ);
  • Local production of renewable energy efficiency due to reduced transportation – also as a way to finance efficiency (Blocked in many MS due to restrictions on activities of housing organisations/Tax laws);
examples of progress
Examples of Progress
  • Dutch social housing associations, in the past six months, have made more than 110,000 dwellings more energy efficient
  • Savings on gas are equivalent to the total consumption of city with 48.000 inhabitants. (Aedes Press Release - September 9, 2011)
  • The Basis? A consensual agreement between tenants union, social housing union and the housing ministry which ensures that tenants living costs (rent plus heating) will not rise after refurbishment.
  • Trust achieved through visits from tenants union
example
Example
  • The French social housing movement has renovated more than 100,000 social housing in 2 years, helping to maintain 33,000 jobs.
  • 50% per cent drop in energy consumption compared to average housing in France
  • Off-set the annual emissions of Greenhouse Gases in a town of 34,000 inhabitants. (USH press release – January 2012).
  • The Basis? The Grenelle de l’environnement:  A consensually agreed framework including financial incentives which combine EU and national funding streams such as eco loans (2% interest loans)  regional and national subsidies, white certificates and extensive use of European Regional Development Funding.
fair energy transition bielefeld klima bonus
Fair Energy Transition – Bielefeld Klima Bonus
  • TheBielefeld Klima Bonus prevents gentrification resulting from higher rents to be charged for higher energy standards
  • Encourages landlords to renovate their properties: 16 per cent of dwelling stock improved to optimise energy consumption
  • Avoids gentrification and supports local climate protection efforts
neue heimat tirol limited profit housing cooperative
Neue Heimat Tirol – Limited Profit Housing Cooperative
  • The Lodenareal Passivhaus in Austria was designed as a result of an architectural competition
  • Largest passive house project
  • 354 rental dwellings with energy consumption of <15 kWh/m²/year, use of pellets and thermal solar
  • NHT subsidised construction costs making rent affordable for tenants (€370/month for 50 m² apartment)
market regulation 3rd package lobbying opportunities
Market Regulation – 3rd package – Lobbying Opportunities
  • ‘Making the Internal Market Work’??
  • Strengthening the Social Dimension with a focus on Fuel poverty
  • Switching is not the silver bullet
  • Smart Metering is not the silver bullet
  • Diversification of Ownership
  • Increase in community energy ownership to increase independence ( e.g. eco power)
  • Committee of the Regions/European Parliament opinions
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Energy Action 2013, Dublin

Energy Poverty and Social Housing

[email protected]

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