THE PASSIVE. UNIT 19. Passive vs Active Sentence. The president asked the employees to speak English. (active) The employees were asked to speak English. (passive) ***A passive sentence and an active sentence have similar meanings, ***but the focus of the sentence is different.
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***A passive sentence and an active sentence have similar meanings,
***but the focus of the sentence is different.
***In the PASSIVE sentence, the focus in on the action, the person, or the thing receiving the action.
People spoke English at the meeting. (active)
English was spoken by people at the meeting
The internet is dominated by English.
The Internet is dominated. (By who or what?)
***The passive forms of Present Perfect Progressive and Past Perfect Progressive are not common.
Include, appear, arrive, come, die, fall, go, happen, live, look, occur, sit, smile, stay, wait, walk
***Born is the past form of bear. Born is used almost exclusively in the passive.
I was born in a small town.
indirect direct obj
***Describe a process or a result.
First, the information was studied. Then recommendations were made. Therefore, English was made the official language of the company in 2010.
***Use passive when you don’t know who performed the action.
The report was poorly written.
***Use it to report news events.
Recommendations for the teaching of languages were published today.