State and Local Government

State and Local Government PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Terms. ReferendumOrdinanceCounty CommissionersExtraditionFull Faith and CreditRepublican form of Government. Home RuleReynolds vs. SimsCouncilManagerMcCulloch vs. MarylandReapportionSuburbMetropolitanCharterFederalism. Terms Defined. Referendum? allows citizens to vote on state laws

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State and Local Government

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1. State and Local Government

2. Terms Referendum Ordinance County Commissioners Extradition Full Faith and Credit Republican form of Government Home Rule Reynolds vs. Sims Council Manager McCulloch vs. Maryland Reapportion Suburb Metropolitan Charter Federalism

3. Terms Defined Referendum? allows citizens to vote on state laws or new state amendment. Ordinance? Local law County Commissioners? Group of elected officials that make county laws and budget. Federalism? Where federal and state government work together to rule citizens.

4. Terms Defined Extradition? Returning a suspect back to state where crime was committed. Full Faith and Credit? States agree to respect the decisions and contracts of other states. Republican form of Government? All states are required to create a representative democracy.

5. Terms Defined Charter? Plan for local government (constitution issued by state legislature, general assembly) Home Rule? Allows large cities to make their own decisions without state interference. Reynolds vs. Sims? Representative districts are redrawn by population not land size. Council? Group of elected officials that run city and town government.

6. Terms Defined Manager? Hired official to handle city and town business. McCulloch vs. Maryland? Supported article 6 supremacy clause (federal gov. stronger than state). Reapportion? Redrawing representative district. Suburb? area surrounding large cities.

7. Terms Defined Metropolitan? Large city and its surrounding suburbs.

8. State Information A federal system allows federal and state governments to work together. If state and national laws have a conflict, national wins. The constitution protects the states by not letting anybody taking property and requires the federal government to always protect them.

9. State Information 5 things that Article 1 forbids states from doing: Printing Money Make treaties with foreign countries Declare War Keep an army at peace time Impose taxes on imports from other countries or states. The 14th Amendment requires all states to give equal protection of laws.

10. State Information 4 Reserved powers for state government: Divorce laws Marriage laws Regulate education Have elections 2 powers shared by both state and federal government is: Impose taxes Borrow money

11. State Information The McCulloch vs. Maryland case made clear that if there is a conflict between state and federal government then federal wins. Supporters of the nationalist position like the necessary and proper clause because it allows congress to create laws. (This may not be mentioned in the constitution).

12. State Information Three programs that the federal government helps states with are: Highways Education Welfare All states must create a republican form of government, also known as representative democracy. This is how Article IV insures that the states cooperate with each other.

13. State Information State constitutions are amended by a 2 step process: Must be proposed Ratified by the voters

14. U.S. Constitution vs. NC Constitution Identify the principles found in the U.S. Constitution and compare them to the principles found in the NC Constitution. Identify Article One in the state Constitution. Identify six (6) rights that can be found in both constitutions. Identify the make up of both houses of the General Assembly: # of seats, distribution of seats, qualifications, and terms.

15. U.S. Constitution vs. NC Constitution A.) Show the comparisons and differences between the role of the president and that of the Governor. B.) Identify the Governor’s qualifications, terms, and the election process. C.) What departments make up the state cabinet? A.) Identify the four (4) levels of courts in NC and explain their duties.

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