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Ms. Crump - ART. Principles of Art. What are Art Principles?. Rules for how art elements are organized to create unity in an artwork They are: Balance Variety Harmony Emphasis Proportion Pattern/Rhythm Movement. Balance.

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Ms crump art

Ms. Crump - ART

Principles of Art


What are art principles
What are Art Principles?

  • Rules for how art elements are organized to create unity in an artwork

  • They are:

    • Balance

    • Variety

    • Harmony

    • Emphasis

    • Proportion

    • Pattern/Rhythm

    • Movement


Balance
Balance

  • Arranging art elements in an artwork so no one part of that work overpowers, or seems heavier than, any other part

  • Three Types:

    • Formal Balance

    • Informal Balance

    • Radial Balance


Formal balance
Formal Balance

  • Also known as symmetrical balance

  • The two halves of the picture “mirror” or closely resemble each other


Informal balance
Informal Balance

  • Also known as asymmetrical balance

  • Different elements appear to have equal weight


Radial balance
Radial Balance

  • Have elements or objects positioned around a central point or hub


Variety
Variety

  • Combing art elements with slight changes to increase visual interest


Harmony
Harmony

  • Combining similar art elements to create a pleasing appearance

  • Can be accomplished by using repetition and gradual changes


Emphasis
Emphasis

  • Making an element or object in a work stand out


Proportion
Proportion

  • The relationship of certain elements to the whole and to each other

  • Used to help create emphasis

  • Used with size (one shape being much larger than the others)

  • Used with color (one shape a different color than the rest)


Pattern rhythm
Pattern/Rhythm

  • Achieved through the repetition of colors, lines, shapes, and/or textures

  • Makes work seem active or suggests vibration


Movement
Movement

  • Creating the look and feeling of action to guide the viewer’s eye throughout a work of art


Unity
Unity

  • A look and feel of oneness or completeness in a work of art

  • “Wholeness”

  • Achieved when elements and principles are skillfully combined

  • Harmony and pattern can help to accomplish this


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