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Pharmaceutical Dosage Forms . By S.Bohlooli, PhD School of Medicine, Ardabil University of Medical Sciences. Oral Tablets Capsules Solutions Syrups Elixirs Suspensions Magmas Gels Powders. Sublingual Tablets Troches and Lozenges Parenteral Solutions Suspensions Conjunctival

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Pharmaceutical dosage forms

Pharmaceutical Dosage Forms

By

S.Bohlooli, PhD

School of Medicine, Ardabil University of Medical Sciences


Dosage form drug delivery system by route of administration

Oral

Tablets

Capsules

Solutions

Syrups

Elixirs

Suspensions

Magmas

Gels

Powders

Sublingual

Tablets

Troches and Lozenges

Parenteral

Solutions

Suspensions

Conjunctival

Contact lens inserts

Ointments

Dosage Form/ Drug Delivery System by route of administration


Dosage form drug delivery system by route of administration1

Epicutaneous / transdermal

Ointments

Creams

Infusion pumps

Pastes

Plasters

Powders

Aerosols

Lotions

Transdermal patches, discs, solutions

Intraocular/ intraaural

Solutions

Suspensions

Intranasal

Solutions

Sprays

Inhalers

Ointments

Intrarespiratory

Aerosols

Dosage Form/ Drug Delivery System by route of administration


Dosage form drug delivery system by route of administration2

Vaginal

Solutions

Ointments

Emulsion foams

Gels

Tablets

Inserts, suppositories, sponges

Rectal

Solutions

Ointments

Suppositories

Urethral

Solutions

suppositories

Dosage Form/ Drug Delivery System by route of administration


Solid dosage forms

Solid Dosage Forms

Powders and Granules

Capsules and Tablets


Powders and granules
Powders and Granules

  • Powders

    • Blending Powders

    • Medicated Powders

    • Aerosolized Powders

  • Granules

    • Effervescent


Capsules
Capsules

  • Hard Gelatin Capsules

  • Soft Gelatin Capsules



Tablets

Compressed tablets (C.T.)

Multiple Compressed tablets (M.C.T.)

Sugar-Coated Tablets (S.C.T.)

Film Coated Tablets (F.C.T)

Gelatin Coated Tablets

Enteric Coated Tablets (E.C.T.)

Buccal or Sublingual Tablets

Chewable Tablets

Effervescent Tablets

Molded Tablets

Immediate release Tablets (I.R.)

Instant Disintegrating /Dissolving Tablets

Extended release Tablets (E.R.)

Vaginal Tablets

Tablets


Compressed tablets contains
Compressed Tablets contains:

  • Medicinal agent

  • Diluents or filler

  • Binders or adhesives

  • Disintergrants

  • Lubricants

  • Miscellaneous adjuncts

    • Colorants and flavorants


Tablets1
Tablets

Sugar-Coated Tablets

Film Coated Tablets

Multiple Compressed tablets

Compressed tablets

Enteric Coated Tablets

Gelatin Coated Tablets


Modified release dosage forms and drug delivery systems

Modified Release

Extended Release

Delayed Release

Repeat action

Targeted Release

Terminology of extended release

Sustained Release (SR)

Sustained Action (SA)

Prolonged Action (PA)

Controlled Release (CR)

Extended Release (ER)

Timed Release (TR)

Long Acting (LA)

Modified-Release Dosage Forms and Drug Delivery Systems




Nonoral modified release systems
Nonoral Modified-Release Systems

  • Ocular

  • Parenteral Systems

  • Vaginal Inserts

  • Subdermal Implants






Semi solid dosage forms

Semi-Solid Dosage Forms

Ointments

Creams

Gels

Pastes

Plasters




Pharmaceutical inserts

Pharmaceutical Inserts

Suppositories

Inserts


Liquid dosage forms

Liquid Dosage forms

Solutions

Disperse systems


Solutions
Solutions

  • Oral Solutions

  • Otic Solutions

  • Ophthalmic Solutions

  • Topical Solutions

  • Spirits


Oral liquid dosage forms
Oral Liquid Dosage Forms

  • Oral solutions

  • Syrups

  • Elixirs

  • Tinctures


Example of syrup
Example of Syrup

  • Antihistamine Syrup

    • Chlorpheniramine maleate 0.4g

    • Glycerin 25.0ml

    • Syrup base 83.0 ml

    • Sorbitol solution 283 ml

    • Sodium Bezoate 1.0 g

    • Alcohol 60.0 ml

    • Color and Flavor q.s.

    • Purified water to make 1000.0ml


Example of elixir
Example of Elixir

  • Theophylline Elixir

    • Theophylline 5.3 g

    • Citric acid 10.0 g

    • Liquid Glucose 44.0 g

    • Syrup 132 ml

    • Glycerin 50.0 ml

    • Sorbitol Solution 324.0 ml

    • Alcohol 200.0 ml

    • Saccharin Sodium 50 g

    • Lemon Oil 0.5 g

    • FDC Yellow No. 5 0.1 g

    • Purified water to make 1000.0 ml


Disperse systems
Disperse Systems

  • Suspensions

  • Emulsions

  • Aerosols


Sterile dosage forms and delivery systems

Sterile Dosage Forms and Delivery Systems

Parenterals

Biologicals

Ophthalmic solutions and suspensions



Automatic injection
Automatic injection

Medi-Jector:Needle Free


Novel and advanced dosage forms delivery systems and devices

Novel and Advanced Dosage Forms, Delivery Systems, and Devices

Iontophoresis

Phonophoresis

Intravenous controllers and infusion pumps, lyposomes


Iontophoresis
Iontophoresis Devices


Phonophoresis
Phonophoresis Devices



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