Pharmaceutical dosage forms
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Pharmaceutical Dosage Forms . By S.Bohlooli, PhD School of Medicine, Ardabil University of Medical Sciences. Oral Tablets Capsules Solutions Syrups Elixirs Suspensions Magmas Gels Powders. Sublingual Tablets Troches and Lozenges Parenteral Solutions Suspensions Conjunctival

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Pharmaceutical Dosage Forms

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Pharmaceutical dosage forms

Pharmaceutical Dosage Forms

By

S.Bohlooli, PhD

School of Medicine, Ardabil University of Medical Sciences


Dosage form drug delivery system by route of administration

Oral

Tablets

Capsules

Solutions

Syrups

Elixirs

Suspensions

Magmas

Gels

Powders

Sublingual

Tablets

Troches and Lozenges

Parenteral

Solutions

Suspensions

Conjunctival

Contact lens inserts

Ointments

Dosage Form/ Drug Delivery System by route of administration


Dosage form drug delivery system by route of administration1

Epicutaneous / transdermal

Ointments

Creams

Infusion pumps

Pastes

Plasters

Powders

Aerosols

Lotions

Transdermal patches, discs, solutions

Intraocular/ intraaural

Solutions

Suspensions

Intranasal

Solutions

Sprays

Inhalers

Ointments

Intrarespiratory

Aerosols

Dosage Form/ Drug Delivery System by route of administration


Dosage form drug delivery system by route of administration2

Vaginal

Solutions

Ointments

Emulsion foams

Gels

Tablets

Inserts, suppositories, sponges

Rectal

Solutions

Ointments

Suppositories

Urethral

Solutions

suppositories

Dosage Form/ Drug Delivery System by route of administration


Solid dosage forms

Solid Dosage Forms

Powders and Granules

Capsules and Tablets


Powders and granules

Powders and Granules

  • Powders

    • Blending Powders

    • Medicated Powders

    • Aerosolized Powders

  • Granules

    • Effervescent


Capsules

Capsules

  • Hard Gelatin Capsules

  • Soft Gelatin Capsules


Hard gelatin capsules

Hard Gelatin Capsules


Tablets

Compressed tablets (C.T.)

Multiple Compressed tablets (M.C.T.)

Sugar-Coated Tablets (S.C.T.)

Film Coated Tablets (F.C.T)

Gelatin Coated Tablets

Enteric Coated Tablets (E.C.T.)

Buccal or Sublingual Tablets

Chewable Tablets

Effervescent Tablets

Molded Tablets

Immediate release Tablets (I.R.)

Instant Disintegrating /Dissolving Tablets

Extended release Tablets (E.R.)

Vaginal Tablets

Tablets


Compressed tablets contains

Compressed Tablets contains:

  • Medicinal agent

  • Diluents or filler

  • Binders or adhesives

  • Disintergrants

  • Lubricants

  • Miscellaneous adjuncts

    • Colorants and flavorants


Tablets1

Tablets

Sugar-Coated Tablets

Film Coated Tablets

Multiple Compressed tablets

Compressed tablets

Enteric Coated Tablets

Gelatin Coated Tablets


Modified release dosage forms and drug delivery systems

Modified Release

Extended Release

Delayed Release

Repeat action

Targeted Release

Terminology of extended release

Sustained Release (SR)

Sustained Action (SA)

Prolonged Action (PA)

Controlled Release (CR)

Extended Release (ER)

Timed Release (TR)

Long Acting (LA)

Modified-Release Dosage Forms and Drug Delivery Systems


Modified release dosage forms

Modified-Release Dosage Forms

Extended Release


Example of oral control release capsule

Example of oral control release capsule


Nonoral modified release systems

Nonoral Modified-Release Systems

  • Ocular

  • Parenteral Systems

  • Vaginal Inserts

  • Subdermal Implants


Ocusert pilocarpine modified released system

Ocusert: Pilocarpine Modified Released System


Example of parenteral extended action products

Example of Parenteral extended action products


Example of vaginal extended release products

Example of vaginal extended release products


Example of subdermal extended release products

Example of Subdermal extended release products


Semi solid dosage forms

Semi-Solid Dosage Forms

Ointments

Creams

Gels

Pastes

Plasters


Transdermal drug delivery systems

Transdermal Drug Delivery Systems


Example of transdermal drug delivery systems

Example Of transdermal Drug delivery systems


Pharmaceutical inserts

Pharmaceutical Inserts

Suppositories

Inserts


Liquid dosage forms

Liquid Dosage forms

Solutions

Disperse systems


Solutions

Solutions

  • Oral Solutions

  • Otic Solutions

  • Ophthalmic Solutions

  • Topical Solutions

  • Spirits


Oral liquid dosage forms

Oral Liquid Dosage Forms

  • Oral solutions

  • Syrups

  • Elixirs

  • Tinctures


Example of syrup

Example of Syrup

  • Antihistamine Syrup

    • Chlorpheniramine maleate 0.4g

    • Glycerin 25.0ml

    • Syrup base83.0 ml

    • Sorbitol solution283 ml

    • Sodium Bezoate1.0 g

    • Alcohol60.0 ml

    • Color and Flavorq.s.

    • Purified water to make1000.0ml


Example of elixir

Example of Elixir

  • Theophylline Elixir

    • Theophylline5.3 g

    • Citric acid10.0 g

    • Liquid Glucose44.0 g

    • Syrup132 ml

    • Glycerin50.0 ml

    • Sorbitol Solution324.0 ml

    • Alcohol200.0 ml

    • Saccharin Sodium50 g

    • Lemon Oil0.5 g

    • FDC Yellow No. 50.1 g

    • Purified water to make 1000.0 ml


Disperse systems

Disperse Systems

  • Suspensions

  • Emulsions

  • Aerosols


Sterile dosage forms and delivery systems

Sterile Dosage Forms and Delivery Systems

Parenterals

Biologicals

Ophthalmic solutions and suspensions


Injection types

Injection Types


Automatic injection

Automatic injection

Medi-Jector:Needle Free


Novel and advanced dosage forms delivery systems and devices

Novel and Advanced Dosage Forms, Delivery Systems, and Devices

Iontophoresis

Phonophoresis

Intravenous controllers and infusion pumps, lyposomes


Iontophoresis

Iontophoresis


Phonophoresis

Phonophoresis


Intravenous controllers

Intravenous controllers


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