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From GPS to Maps and Beyond Delaware Instructional Technology Conference – Spring 2008. Thursday, April 10, 2008 Presenters: Miriam Pomilio and Nicole M. Minni. GIS in Education Subcommittee .

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From GPS to Maps and Beyond Delaware Instructional Technology Conference – Spring 2008

Thursday, April 10, 2008

Presenters: Miriam Pomilio and Nicole M. Minni


GIS in Education Subcommittee

  • GIS professionals from state government, academia and private sectors dedicated to helping expand the use of GIS and other geospatial technologies in Delaware schools.

  • Assist with planning and carrying out classroom geospatial activities/lessons

  • Resource for educators


Outline

  • Introductions

  • Presentation

  • Google – Excel to KML

  • ArcExplorer Java Edition for Education

  • Resources

  • Wrap up

  • Questions


Why is GPS to GIS Important… the connection

  • “Have students engaged in something meaningful that gives back to the community AND encompasses spatial thinking. ” Joseph Kerski, ESRI

  • Meaningful field experience, interdisciplinary topics

  • Visualize points in relation to other data.. Provides more than just a database

  • Ask questions

  • Begin to see relationships and patterns

  • Find Solutions to get the BIG IDEA!


GPS Point Ideas

  • Historical Locations

  • Stormdrains

  • Riparian data collection i.e. trash, native plants, invasive plants

  • Trees/ shrubs

  • Building entrances

  • Discovery of insects and other critters

  • Parking lot use

  • Your neighborhood

  • Good and bad locations in a neighborhood

  • USE YOUR IMAGINATION!


The data table for your GPS points

  • It is always good to have a paper back up when possible / feasible

  • Data includes: ID NUM, latitude, longitude, description or other notes, photographs

  • MS Excel to KML for Google


Google Earth possibilities

  • Google Earth – FREE - //earth.google.com/

    • Can share with other classrooms around the world!!

  • Blackbird Creek Reserve

  • Historical Tours, Dover, Milton and Lewesftp://aeri2.dgs.udel.edu/pub/DITCConference2008

  • Miriam provides a demonstration

  • Now its your turn!


Geographic Information Systems (GIS)

  • GIS gives the end user the ability to think spatially, which approaches the process of problem solving. How?

    • Exploring

    • Investigating

    • Establishing questions

    • Obtaining conclusions

*Dueker, K. J., and D Kjerne, Multipurpose Cadastre Terms and Definitions, Am Soc for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing and Am Congress on Surveying and Mapping, Falls Church, VA, 1989.


GIS Ideas

  • Historical Locations – understanding the history of your town, city, neighborhood

  • Water

    • Stormdrains

    • Riparian data collection i.e. trash, native plants, invasive plants - link between land and water

    • Discovery of bugs – soils, climate, seasons

  • Trees/ shrubs – shade buffer, seasonal timeline

  • Building entrances –handicap accessibility

  • Parking lot use – pervious vs. impervious

  • Your neighborhood

    • grocery stores, fire department, parks, etc.

    • Good and bad locations - helping kids stay safe and make good choices

  • USE YOUR IMAGINATION!


Who Uses GIS

  • Before GIS technology, only a few people had the skills necessary to use geographic information to help with decision making and problem solving.

  • Today, GIS is a multi-billion-dollar industry employing hundreds of thousands of people worldwide.

  • GIS is taught in K-12 schools, colleges, and universities throughout the world.

  • Professionals in many fields are increasingly aware of the advantages of thinking and working spatially.


Soho

+

Cholera death

Water pump

London cholera epidemic 1854, map by Dr. John Snow, “GIS” pioneer


Examples of GIS

Municipal Planning


Ingram Pond Nature Center

  • Bluebird nesting boxes

  • Osprey nesting sites

  • Bald Eagle nesting sites


Epidemiology


Businesses


Police

Washington D.C. Area Sniper Shootings, 2002


Emergency Management


Watershed Analysis

www.wr.udel.edu/publicservice/chbasin.html


Delaware K-12 Students

http://edcommunity.apple.com/ali/story.php?itemID=786


Geographic Inquiry

  • Use GIS to answer your research question

    • Aquire geographic resources and data

    • Explorer geographic data

    • Analyze geographic information

    • Act upon geographic knowledge

Acquire

Ask

Explore

Act

Analyze


Acquire Geographic Resources and Data

  • What types of data do you think we will need to assist in our research question?

    • Stormwater management on the DelTech campus

    • Water, ponds, rivers, streams

    • Roads

    • Aerial photography

    • Watershed boundaries

    • Elevation

    • Other data for reference

      • i.e. Parks


Explorer and Analyze Geographic Data

  • Relationships

  • Patterns

  • Querying our data

    • What areas use which storm drain?

      • Understanding elevation and flow

    • Identify streams around the DelTech Campus

    • Which subwatershed does the DelTech Campus fall within?

    • How much area on campus is impervious surface?

    • Can we slow down the rate in which the stormwater moves?


Act Upon Knowledge

  • Outreach and Education

    • Placement of storm drain medallions

    • Opportunities to implement best management practices with the students

      • i.e. native plantings, pervious surfaces, etc.

    • Are there areas which more storm water could be captured, filtered and/or reused?


ArcExplorer Java Edition for Education

  • ArcExplorer Java Edition for Education – FREE - http://www.esri.com/aejee

    • Pan and zoom through multiple map layers

    • Query spatial and attribute data

    • Create a buffer around selected features

    • Measure distances on a map

    • Create map layers with one symbol, unique symbols, and graduated symbols

    • Label map features, with many options for effects (such as highway shields)

    • Locate an address

    • Incorporate image formats (BMP, TIFF, PNG, JPG, and GIF)

    • Save and retrieve projects

    • Print maps

    • Incorporate overview maps

    • Add legends, scale bars and north arrows

    • Quickly access the Geography Network, a collaborative system that connects users with data and services via the Internet


Hands-on ArcExplorer Java Edition for Education

  • Nicole will demonstrate

  • Now it is your turn!


GPS Resources

  • Play find your longitude

    • http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/longitude/find.html

  • Geocaching Ideas

    • http://www.eduscapes.com/geocaching/kids.htm

    • Apple Learning Interchange

      • http://edcommunity.apple.com/ali/galleryfiles/786/FieldTripTemplate.pdf

  • U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Corpscon Web site

  • http://crunch.tec.army.mil/software/corpscon/corpscon.html

  • THE GIS 2 GPS Portal

  • http://www.gis2gps.com/

  • GPS Lesson Plans

  • http://www.gis2gps.com/GPS/lessonplans/gpsplans.htm

  • The Science Spot, Learning with GPS

  • http://sciencespot.net/Pages/classgpslsn.html

  • NOVA Online, Find Your Longitude

  • http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/longitude/find.html

  • Downloading directly from your Garmin unit

  • http://www.dnr.state.mn.us/mis/gis/tools/arcview/extensions/DNRGarmin/DNRGarmin.html

  • Getting started with Geocaching

  • http://www.geocaching.com/about/


GIS Resources

  • Environmental Systems Research Institute (ESRI)

    • ArcExplorer - www.esri.com/software/arcexplorer/index1.html

  • What is GIS? – Flash Demo www.esri.com/industries/k-12/education/demos.html

  • Apple Learning Interchange – 4th Grade Land and Water Unit

    • //edcommunity.apple.com/ali/story.php?itemID=786

  • Printable Map from the National Atlas

    • //nationalatlas.gov/printable/satellite.html#list

  • National Geographic Xpeditions Lesson Plans and printable maps

    • www.nationalgeographic.com/xpeditions/lessons/

  • Thomson, Brooks/Cole – GIS Investigations for the Earth Sciences

    • //www.brookscole.com/earthscience_d/special_features/GIS/gis.html

  • Washington Nature Mapping Program

    • //depts.washington.edu/natmap/resources/


GIS Resources cont.

  • Towson State University, Chesapeake Bay & Mid-Atlantic from Space K-12 Education

    • //chesapeake.towson.edu/education/

  • GIS@UD - //maps.rdms.udel.edu/gis/

  • Enchanted Learning – printouts for labeling

    • www.enchantedlearning.com/label/geography.shtml

  • GISMAPED – a vehicle for providing professional development in the use of GIS as a teaching tool

    • www.gismaped.co.nz/gislink.htm

    • www.esri.com/industries/k-12/education/demos.html

  • University of Delaware, College of Martine and Earth Studies, K-12 Teaching Resources

    • www.ocean.udel.edu/public/teacher.html

  • Delaware Geographic Alliance

    • www.udel.edu/Geography/DGA/web/index.htm

  • Evergreen Learning Groundswww.evergreen.ca/en/lg/plans_listing.html


Thank youQuestions?ftp://aeri2.dgs.udel.edu/pub/DITCConference2008


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