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Military use of Drones!. by, Scott Amack. Agenda. History Current State of Drones Future State of Drones. History. British Kites ( 1806) Lord Thomas Cochran of the HMS Pallas Dropped propaganda leaflets on the French coast Austrian Balloons (1849)

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Presentation Transcript
agenda
Agenda
  • History
  • Current State of Drones
  • Future State of Drones
history
History
  • British Kites (1806)
    • Lord Thomas Cochran of the HMS Pallas
    • Dropped propaganda leaflets on the French coast
  • Austrian Balloons (1849)
    • Battle with Venice using tethered balloons
    • Contributed to the collapse of the Venetian Revolt
  • Civil War (1863)
    • Patents issued for unmanned aerial bombardment balloon
    • Confederate army want to annihilate General Grants army
    • Consensus was that these forward thinkers were crazy
history1
History
  • Nikola Tesla (1898)
    • Remote Control Patent
    • Remote boat bomb
  • Aerial Torpedo (1938)
    • U.S. Navy Developed
    • Curtiss "N2C-2“ Remote Controlled Drone
    • Successful test attack on destroyer 20 miles away
  • Japanese Balloons (1944)
    • Fire Balloons carried explosives
    • Attack on U.S. soil
    • 6 confirmed deaths
history2
History
  • Radiation Testing (1946)
    • Remote Control B-17 Flying Fortress
    • Launched from ground control
    • Piloted remotely from another aircraft
  • MQM-57 Falconer (1955)
    • Remote controlled reconnaissance drone
    • Carried camera payload and flares for night time
    • 30 minute flight time
  • Model Ryan 147A/B (Firebee) (1962)
    • Recon flights over China and Vietnam
    • Used for SAM detection
    • Chinese shot down 5 drones
    • U.S. adopted “no comment” policy on drone usage
history3
History
  • Israel vs. Syria (1982)
    • Electronic Decoys
    • Electronic Jammers
    • Resulted in minimal loss of life
  • DARPA Amber Project (1984)
    • First inverted v-tail drone
    • Used for Reconnaissance and ELINT (electronics intelligence)
    • Remote Cruise Missile
  • Predator (1994)
    • Developed using information learned from Amber Project
    • First mission Spring 1995 Albania
    • Initially created for reconnaissance
history4
History
  • Reaper (Predator B) (2001)
    • Designed for long endurance high altitude surveillance
    • Carries 15 times the payload of the predator
    • 1st hunter-killer drone for tactical combat
    • moved from using UAVs primarily in intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance roles before Operation Iraqi Freedom, to a true hunter-killer role with the Reaper
current state
Current State
  • Reaper
    • Added capability for increased payload
    • Increased fuel capacity for 37 hour endurance
    • Built in suppression of air defenses
    • Electronic Jamming
    • Integration of Gorgon Stare “Video Like” surveillance
    • New York Air National Guard unit fully transitioned from F-16 pilots to Reaper pilots
    • The Reaper has a range of 3,682 mi (5,926 km) and an operational altitude of 50,000 ft (15,000 m)
current state1
Current State
  • Global Hawk
    • Used as replacement for U2 spy plane
    • Wide area search imagery
    • High resolution spot mode
  • Predator
    • Used to kill prominent Al-Qaeda Operatives
    • 195 in operation (2009)
    • 70 lost to air crashes
    • 55 lost to operator error, equipment failure, or weather
    • 4 have been shot down
    • 11 lost to operational accidents on combat missions
future state of drones
Future State of Drones
  • Micro Air Vehicles
    • Long Term Usage
    • Blend into Environment
    • Silent Monitoring
    • Work in Swarms
    • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=z78mgfKprdg
references
References
  • http://www.ctie.monash.edu.au/hargrave/rpav_home.html
  • http://www.defense.gov/News/NewsArticle.aspx?ID=44164
  • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ryan_Model_147_Lightning_Bug
  • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/MQ-9_Reaper
  • http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/military/rise-of-the-drones.html
  • http://www.nationalmuseum.af.mil/factsheets/factsheet.asp?id=16040
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