Military use of drones
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Military use of Drones!. by, Scott Amack. Agenda. History Current State of Drones Future State of Drones. History. British Kites ( 1806) Lord Thomas Cochran of the HMS Pallas Dropped propaganda leaflets on the French coast Austrian Balloons (1849)

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Military use of Drones!

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Military use of drones

Military use of Drones!

by, Scott Amack


Agenda

Agenda

  • History

  • Current State of Drones

  • Future State of Drones


History

History

  • British Kites (1806)

    • Lord Thomas Cochran of the HMS Pallas

    • Dropped propaganda leaflets on the French coast

  • Austrian Balloons (1849)

    • Battle with Venice using tethered balloons

    • Contributed to the collapse of the Venetian Revolt

  • Civil War (1863)

    • Patents issued for unmanned aerial bombardment balloon

    • Confederate army want to annihilate General Grants army

    • Consensus was that these forward thinkers were crazy


History1

History

  • Nikola Tesla (1898)

    • Remote Control Patent

    • Remote boat bomb

  • Aerial Torpedo (1938)

    • U.S. Navy Developed

    • Curtiss "N2C-2“ Remote Controlled Drone

    • Successful test attack on destroyer 20 miles away

  • Japanese Balloons (1944)

    • Fire Balloons carried explosives

    • Attack on U.S. soil

    • 6 confirmed deaths


History2

History

  • Radiation Testing (1946)

    • Remote Control B-17 Flying Fortress

    • Launched from ground control

    • Piloted remotely from another aircraft

  • MQM-57 Falconer (1955)

    • Remote controlled reconnaissance drone

    • Carried camera payload and flares for night time

    • 30 minute flight time

  • Model Ryan 147A/B (Firebee) (1962)

    • Recon flights over China and Vietnam

    • Used for SAM detection

    • Chinese shot down 5 drones

    • U.S. adopted “no comment” policy on drone usage


History3

History

  • Israel vs. Syria (1982)

    • Electronic Decoys

    • Electronic Jammers

    • Resulted in minimal loss of life

  • DARPA Amber Project (1984)

    • First inverted v-tail drone

    • Used for Reconnaissance and ELINT (electronics intelligence)

    • Remote Cruise Missile

  • Predator (1994)

    • Developed using information learned from Amber Project

    • First mission Spring 1995 Albania

    • Initially created for reconnaissance


History4

History

  • Reaper (Predator B) (2001)

    • Designed for long endurance high altitude surveillance

    • Carries 15 times the payload of the predator

    • 1st hunter-killer drone for tactical combat

    • moved from using UAVs primarily in intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance roles before Operation Iraqi Freedom, to a true hunter-killer role with the Reaper


Current state

Current State

  • Reaper

    • Added capability for increased payload

    • Increased fuel capacity for 37 hour endurance

    • Built in suppression of air defenses

    • Electronic Jamming

    • Integration of Gorgon Stare “Video Like” surveillance

    • New York Air National Guard unit fully transitioned from F-16 pilots to Reaper pilots

    • The Reaper has a range of 3,682 mi (5,926 km) and an operational altitude of 50,000 ft (15,000 m)


Current state1

Current State

  • Global Hawk

    • Used as replacement for U2 spy plane

    • Wide area search imagery

    • High resolution spot mode

  • Predator

    • Used to kill prominent Al-Qaeda Operatives

    • 195 in operation (2009)

    • 70 lost to air crashes

    • 55 lost to operator error, equipment failure, or weather

    • 4 have been shot down

    • 11 lost to operational accidents on combat missions


Future state of drones

Future State of Drones

  • Micro Air Vehicles

    • Long Term Usage

    • Blend into Environment

    • Silent Monitoring

    • Work in Swarms

    • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=z78mgfKprdg


References

References

  • http://www.ctie.monash.edu.au/hargrave/rpav_home.html

  • http://www.defense.gov/News/NewsArticle.aspx?ID=44164

  • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ryan_Model_147_Lightning_Bug

  • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/MQ-9_Reaper

  • http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/military/rise-of-the-drones.html

  • http://www.nationalmuseum.af.mil/factsheets/factsheet.asp?id=16040


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