Struggles of women in mining communities in malawi by lusayo ruth banda
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STRUGGLES OF WOMEN IN MINING COMMUNITIES IN MALAWI By Lusayo Ruth Banda. OUTLINE. Mineral Resources in Malawi History of mining in Malawi Mining companies in Malawi Legal Framework Economic Benefits Environmental Impact Assessment Environmental Concerns Oil mining on Lake Malawi

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STRUGGLES OF WOMEN IN MINING COMMUNITIES IN MALAWI By Lusayo Ruth Banda

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Struggles of women in mining communities in malawi by lusayo ruth banda

STRUGGLES OF WOMEN IN MINING COMMUNITIES IN MALAWIBy Lusayo Ruth Banda


Struggles of women in mining communities in malawi by lusayo ruth banda

OUTLINE

  • Mineral Resources in Malawi

  • History of mining in Malawi

  • Mining companies in Malawi

  • Legal Framework

  • Economic Benefits

  • Environmental Impact Assessment

  • Environmental Concerns

  • Oil mining on Lake Malawi

  • Challenges emanating from Mining

  • Companies and their role

  • Corporate Social Responsibility

  • Closer look at Kayelekera and Kanyika Mines

  • Resettlements

  • Women’s Responses in these area

  • The role of our Organization

  • The role of other CSOs

  • Recommendations

  • Conclusion


Struggles of women in mining communities in malawi by lusayo ruth banda

MINERAL RESOURCES IN MALAWI

  • Uranium

  • Niobium

  • Rare earth metals

  • Gem Stones

  • Bauxite

  • Oil

  • gas

  • Gold?

  • Nickel, etc.

  • Coal

  • Tantalum


Struggles of women in mining communities in malawi by lusayo ruth banda

BRIEF BACKGROUND

  • Mining is a new sector in Malawi, Like many countries, we are optimistic that Mining ventures will translate into universal economic development

  • Malawi is now home to more than 15 mining companies all in quest for minerals


Struggles of women in mining communities in malawi by lusayo ruth banda

MINING COMPANIES

  • Oropa Exploration Pty Ltd

  • Paladin (Africa) Ltd

  • Globe Metals & Mining Exploration Ltd

  • Eastbourne Exploration Pty

  • Tanaka Resources Ltd

  • Surestream Petroleum Ltd

  • Terrastone

  • Spring Stone

  • Nyalihanga Enterprises Limited

  • Mantra Resources Ltd


Struggles of women in mining communities in malawi by lusayo ruth banda

LEGAL FRAMEWORK

  • However, the shift in economic focus has taken place without an assessment of the capacity of the existent institutional, policy and legislative framework to promote and ensure sustainable mining, accurate estimation, transparent collection and utilization of resource revenue.

  • Most of the policies are old and outdated.

  • New Mining Policy leaves a lot to be desired


Struggles of women in mining communities in malawi by lusayo ruth banda

ECONOMIC BENEFITS

  • Recent reports show that Malawi is not benefiting much from mining. It only:

  • Contributes to less than 1% of the national budget

  • 10% towards the GDP

  • 15% stake at Kayelekera Uranium Mine (The largest mine in Malawi)

  • 17% import duty removed

  • Reduced Royalty Rate from 5%-1.5%


Struggles of women in mining communities in malawi by lusayo ruth banda

ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT

  • EIA procedures within the Malawi legislative framework are also known to suffer from a number of weaknesses.

  • The law requires that the proponent of a project in accordance with such guidelines should carry out an EIA as the Minister may by Notice published in the Gazette

  • Public participation including the participation of local communities is not an integral part of the EIA process in Malawi


Struggles of women in mining communities in malawi by lusayo ruth banda

ENVIRONMENTAL CONCERNS

  • Kayelekera:

  • Water for domestic use is drawn from rivers that passes through the mine.

  • - The water plant was constructed about 1km south of the mouth of North Rukuru. This is against the agreement.

  • - Dust pollution on eastern side of the village.

  • - - Black paper from the mine used for roofing houses.

  • - Uranium Pollution in Water, Soil, Air, Plant not known. Villagers lives in fear.


Struggles of women in mining communities in malawi by lusayo ruth banda

ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES, CONTINUED

  • Kanyika: Incidences of surface water turning yellow. – Uranium pollution.

  • Mchenga Coal Mine: Coal dust pollution

  • Eland coal mine: Coal dust & chemical pollution in surface water.


Struggles of women in mining communities in malawi by lusayo ruth banda

OIL MINING ON LAKE MALAWI

  • And now, oil has been discovered on Lake Malawi for Possible Exploration and Drilling

  • Licenses awarded to two companies, Surestream Petroleum and SacOil Holdings Limited to start drilling oil on the lake

  • Mixed views over Oil Exploration on the Lake

  • Conflicts with our neighboring country Tanzania

  • Over 2 million people depend on Lake Malawi for their source of income, food, transportation and water


Struggles of women in mining communities in malawi by lusayo ruth banda

CHALLENGES

SOCIAL CONCERNS

  • Loss of livelihood

  • Forces people out of their homes with little or no compensation

  • Impact on health

  • Causes conflicts in communities

LABOUR ISSUES

  • Workers are forced to work long hours

  • No job security

  • The pay is not good and workers are exposed to hazardous situations


Struggles of women in mining communities in malawi by lusayo ruth banda

COMPANIES AND THEIR ROLE

It has been noted that these multinational companies do not give Malawians optimum benefits from these extraction activities. They do not even fulfill their corporate social responsibility


Struggles of women in mining communities in malawi by lusayo ruth banda

CSR

Is this the promised mining town? No electricity, no tap water


Struggles of women in mining communities in malawi by lusayo ruth banda

CSR continued


Struggles of women in mining communities in malawi by lusayo ruth banda

A CASE STUDY OF KAYELEKERA AND KANYIKA MINING COMMUNITIES

KAYELEKERA URANIUM MINE

  • Community members especially women do not have a say in issues affecting the community

  • High HIV rate

  • Contamination of fresh waters

  • An increase in Female headed households

  • Environmental destruction thus a decrease in food productivity, forcing women into the informal economy to find additional sources of income


Struggles of women in mining communities in malawi by lusayo ruth banda

  • No access to health care especially Sexual Reproductive Health Services

  • According to Dr Michael Kayange, the District Health Officer for Karonga district “There is no clinic at Kayelekelacommunity. Kayelekelaarea is served by Wiliro Health Center; however plans are at an advanced stage to have a full health center constructed by Paladin at Kayelekela village. There is also a staff clinic at the mine manned by a foreign medical doctor NOT accessed by a common man.”

  • Few women workers at the mine and some are sexually exploited


Struggles of women in mining communities in malawi by lusayo ruth banda

Only a few women attended the meeting


Struggles of women in mining communities in malawi by lusayo ruth banda

KANYIKA NIOBIUM MINE

  • The major problem in this area is Land grabbing thus massive displacements of people. Women and Children suffer the most.

  • Husbands sell land without knowledge of their wives

  • Relocate to areas where they can not do farming

  • Forced to join the informal sector to raise money


Struggles of women in mining communities in malawi by lusayo ruth banda

RESSETLEMENTS

  • Kayelekera Uranium mine:

  • Gondwe family – US$70 per household for relocation.

  • Kanyika Niobium Mine:

  • US$200 – US$1500

  • Structures only not land

  • Hunger due to delays in effecting resettlements


Struggles of women in mining communities in malawi by lusayo ruth banda

WOMEN’S RESPONSE IN THESE AREAS

  • Women are ready and willing to form groups-Our Organization is working towards that

  • Have formed groups where they lend each other money when in need

  • There is still resistance from the community to let women be part of the decision making processes


Struggles of women in mining communities in malawi by lusayo ruth banda

THE ROLE OF OUR ORGANIZATION

  • We are working to improve the lives of women in mining communities and to raise awareness on mining issues for the Protection of the communities rights and that women should be informed in decision making

  • We had a Community Action and Research project which was setup to give support to the kayelekera community in Karonga to be able to effectively monitor the actions of the KUM. The members were equipped with skills to organize small groups and plan on how they can deal with problems arising from the mine.


Struggles of women in mining communities in malawi by lusayo ruth banda

THE ROLE OF OTHER CSOs

  • Christian Aid and PACT Malawi have comprehensive programmes on integrated Cultural Approach focusing on negative cultural practices

  • Theatre for Development provides a mobile ART Clinic providing ART and nutrition, peer education among miners and wives

  • Women and Law in Southern Africa

  • Action Aid

  • Nasfam works with a proportion of female members to help set them up in sustainable income generating activities.


Struggles of women in mining communities in malawi by lusayo ruth banda

RECOMMENDATIONS

  • Provide a platform through which women can voice out the women rights violations and injustices within mining communities and support women design action plans to address these;

  • If mining has to benefit women, the policy has to seriously ensure improvement on the work safety, security and sustainability issues of women workers in mining and offer equal opportunity

  • Mining projects sanctioned should be based on the policy of people – centered approach (which includes gender-centered) rather than market approach.


Struggles of women in mining communities in malawi by lusayo ruth banda

RECOMMENDATIONS CONTINUED

  • Networking and Relationship building by CSOs

  • Encourage networking of women in mining communities, the larger the number, the more you are heard.

  • Malawi needs to develop appropriate policies, monitoring and regulation mechanisms and technical expertise across mining, environmental and trade sectors, among others and ensure that communities benefit from them.


Struggles of women in mining communities in malawi by lusayo ruth banda

CONCLUSION

Malawi is a patriarchy society in which women have little or no say in issues that affect them or the community. There is need to create awareness through women’s voices on rights of women within mining societies and spearhead a process of addressing women rights violations in these societies.

Malawi has a vast amount of resources, if well managed, they can transform the lives of its people. And to achieve this, we all need to work together.


Struggles of women in mining communities in malawi by lusayo ruth banda

THANK YOU FOR LISTENING

ZIKOMO KWAMBIRI


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