Evolution
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Evolution. Descent with Modification: A Darwinian View of Life. Evolution Defined . Evolution : gradual hereditary changes in groups of living organisms over time. . November 24, 1859. Lamarck’s Theory. Jean Baptiste de Lamarck , 1809

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Evolution

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Evolution

Evolution

Descent with Modification: A Darwinian View of Life


Evolution defined

Evolution Defined

Evolution: gradual hereditary changes in groups of living organisms over time.

November 24, 1859


Lamarck s theory

Lamarck’s Theory

  • Jean Baptiste de Lamarck, 1809

  • First theory of evolution- how species change


Lamarck s theory1

Lamarck’s Theory

  • **Inheritance of acquired characteristics-The changes acquired during an animals lifetime from use and disuse may be passed on to its offspring.

  • Law of use and disuse-parts used by animal become stronger, parts used less become weaker


Darwin vs lamarck

Darwin vs. Lamarck


Charles darwin

Charles Darwin

  • Father of Evolution

  • Developed the theory of evolution after his trip on the H.M.S Beagle

  • Published the Origin of Species on November 24,1859


Darwin s finches

Darwin’s Finches


The finches beaks were different based on the type of food they ate

The finches beaks were different based on the type of food they ate.


Actual photos of the finches

Actual photos of the finches


Niches of darwin s finches

Niches of Darwin’s Finches


Keep in mind

Keep in mind……

  • Populations or species evolve, not individuals


Major pieces of evidence for evolution

Major pieces of Evidence for Evolution

  • Fossils

  • Comparative Anatomy (homologous structures)

  • Selective Breeding of Animals and Plants


1 fossil evidence

1. Fossil Evidence

Fossils: remains and traces left behind by organisms

-most direct evidence for evolution

-provides a record of ancient organisms that have existed

-able to generate a timeline

-ancestral descent and lineages can be generated

Types of Fossils: imprints, hair, nails, tissue, and other remains

Locations:sedimentary rock, ice, amber, tar, quicksand,

petrification


Evidence 1 the fossil record

Evidence: 1. The Fossil Record

  • Shows succession of forms over time

  • Transitional links

  • Vertebrate descent


Evolution evidence 2 comparative anatomy

Evolution Evidence: 2. Comparative Anatomy

Homologous Structures

Types of Structures:

  • A. Homologous structures (same structure, diff. use)

  • Shows possible descent from a common ancestor


6 selective breeding

6. Selective Breeding

  • We have bred various animals and plants for specific purposes, selecting the traits WE want them to acquire.

  • The process in which humans select which plants or animals to reproduce based on certain desired traits is called selective breeding.

  • Ex- horses, dogs, strawberries, corn

  • This is controlled evolution.


Darwin s theory

Darwin’s Theory

  • Variation- There is a natural variation in any population. Every individual has its own combination of traits.

  • Overproduction- more offspring are born than survive.

    3. Struggle to Survive- members of a species compete for food, habitat, etc. (limits population)

    4. Reproduction- individuals that are best adapted to their environment are likely to have many offspring that survive.

    Natural selection- “survival of the fittest”- The species most fit for their environment will survive to pass on their traits.


Evolution

Darwin’s Theory of Natural SelectionWhat Is Natural Selection? Darwin proposed the theory that evolution happens through a process that he called natural selection. Individuals that are betteradapted to their environment survive and reproduce more successfully than less well adapted individuals.


7 examples of natural selection

7. Examples of Natural Selection

  • Peppered moth

  • antibiotic resistance


Examples of modern recent evolution

Examples of Modern (Recent) Evolution

  • Peppered Moth- during day sits on tree trunk. More active at night.

  • Before 1850 tree trunks were light in color, and most moths were gray.

  • After 1850 (industrial revolution), the predominant color of moth was black, which matched the soot on the trees.

peppered moth activity


Key points to remember

Key Points to Remember

  • A population evolves not an individual organism

  • The accumulation of small changes over long periods of time results in larger changes

  • A new species emerges with slightly different characteristics usually because of being isolated.

  • How and why organisms are able to transmit heritable traits to the next generation was not explained by Darwin.

  • Common Ancestry!


Final words

Final words…...

  • “Absence of evidence is not evidence of absence.”


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