Aim: How much did the Black Death change Medieval Europe?. Do Now : Who is brave enough to play ring around the Rosy? Ring around the rosy A pocketful of posies "Ashes, Ashes" We all fall down!. NY State Standards 2, 3 RS 7, 8, WS 2. I What was the Black Death?.
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Do Now: Who is brave enough to play ring around the Rosy?
Ring around the rosyA pocketful of posies"Ashes, Ashes"We all fall down!
NY State Standards 2, 3
RS 7, 8, WS 2
The Black Death was a painful, deadly disease. The worst outbreak came from Asia and spread across Western Europe, killing 1/3 of the population.
“[The Mongols] ordered corpses to be placed in catapults and lobbed into the city in hopes that the intolerable stench would kill everyone inside.“ – Gabrielle de Mussis, 14th century
Due to a reduction in temperature (known as the Little Ice Age 14-15th centuries), more people were staying indoors. Combined with poor hygiene and streets full of garbage, the Black Death spread rapidly in Europe.
A) There were two main forms of the disease.
1. Blood infection: Spread by physical contact.
2. Pneumonic: spread by coughing, sneezing, breathing.
B) Symptoms: Black swellings size of an egg that oozed blood and pus. Pain. Foul smell.
C) Death usually occurred 1-3 days after catching the disease.
Since Ancient Greece, doctors believes that we all have 4 humours (liquids) in our bodies; yellow bile, black bile, phlegm, and blood. Illness occurs due to an imbalance, which is why you would be bled to restore balance to your body. Why might this not be a good idea?
B) Doctors wore masks filled with dried flowers & herbs to protect themselves.
C) Priests and monks offered prayers to God.
Gypsies used a mixture of cinnamon & clove oil on their hands. It had anti-bacterial effects!
D) Flagellants would travel from town to town, whipping themselves. They believed the Black Death was due to people’s sins. If they punished themselves, God would end the plague.
Anti-Semitism was often due to economic reasons; as Christians believed that money lending was sinful, Jews had been pushed into the banking business.
B) 1/3 of Europe died. 75 Million died worldwide.
C) Due to a labor shortage, many lords switched from farming crops to raising sheep (requires less human labor). As a result, many serfs were able to leave the manor.
Approximately 2,500 cases of the Black Death occur annually worldwide, usually due to contact with rodents. Only 5-10 cases occur annually in the U.S.
Do NOT hug this prairie dog!
Paul Gaylord, Oregon, recovering from the Black Death, 2012