Growth strategies for secondary education in asia
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GROWTH STRATEGIES FOR SECONDARY EDUCATION IN ASIA. 19-21 SEPTEMBER 2005 KUALA LUMPUR, MALAYSIA CO-SPONSORED BY: MINISTRY OF EDUCATION, MALAYSIA THE WORLD BANK ASIAN DEVELOPMENT BANK. Remarks: The Case of the Philippines. Director Edilberto de Jesus

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GROWTH STRATEGIES FOR SECONDARY EDUCATION IN ASIA

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GROWTH STRATEGIES FOR SECONDARY EDUCATION IN ASIA

19-21 SEPTEMBER 2005

KUALA LUMPUR, MALAYSIA

CO-SPONSORED BY:

MINISTRY OF EDUCATION, MALAYSIA

THE WORLD BANK

ASIAN DEVELOPMENT BANK


Remarks: The Case of the Philippines

Director Edilberto de Jesus

South East Asia Ministers of Education Secretariat

Bangkok, Thailand


SECONDARY EDUCATION:FROM WEAKEST LINK TO CORNERSTONE?


STRATEGIC INTERVENTION POINT

  • Progress in Providing Access to Elementary Education

    • 80%-90% Net Enrollment Ratio

    • UNESCO Advice to Focus on the “Last Mile”

      (N.B. Continuing Concern with Quality)


BASIC STATISTICS(Secondary Education)

  • Enrolment6,270,208

    • Public5,025,956 (80%)

    • Private1,244,252 (20%)

  • School 8,091

    • Public4,830 (60%)

    • Private3,261 (40%)


PERFORMANCE INDICATORS

  • Participation Rate (13-16 yrs)63.88%

  • Completion Rate

    • From Grade I50.00%

    • From Year I59.79%

  • Teacher-Student Ratio1:42


The DepED BudgetCY 2005

  • Total AppropriationsP102,583,978,000

  • The breakdown

    • Personal Services-88.0%

    • MOOE- 8.5%

    • Capital Outlay- 3.5%

  • For 2005, DepED budget is 12.35% of the National Budget


Financing Secondary Education

  • National Budget

  • Local Government

    • Internal Revenue Allotment (IRA)

    • Special Education Fund (SEF)

      1% of the real state tax of municipalities and provinces used for 1) salaries of teachers of extension classes; 2) repair and maintenance of classrooms; 3) athletic activities.


Public-Private Partnerships

  • Adopt-a-School Program

    • Classroom construction

    • Technical Assistance

    • Brigada Eskwela


ROLE OF SECONDARY EDUCATION


  • Demand for Expanded Educational Opportunities (March 2005 Survey)

    • Interest in College of H.S. Seniors:

      53% of Boys

      60% of Girls

    • Requirement that H.S. Prepare

      Students for College


  • Recognition of Issues Adolescents Face

    • Importance of Peer Group

    • Diminishing Parental Control

    • Awakening Sexuality


  • H.S. as Terminal Point

    • 47% of Boys

    • 40% of Girls

  • Implications for Curricular Development


LEVELS OF FINANCING ISSUE


  • Reducing Current Backlog: Shortage of Classrooms and Teachers

    • High Class Size

    • High Student:Teacher Ratio


  • Coping with Migration From Private Schools

    • Free H.S. Education in RA 6655: Reversal of 80:20 Enrollment Share

    • 2% annual increase in primary school enrollment vs. 5% annual increase in secondary school enrollment


  • Extending Basic Education Cycle

    • Inadequacy of a 10-Year Basic Ed Cycle

    • Origins of the System


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