Japanese Food and Culture. The Island of Japan. The Meal ( gohan ). Two Kinds of Food: ‘Staple’ and ‘Other dishes’ Staple (gohan) is rice Other dishes (okazu) are fish, meat, vegetables. Traditional Concept of Meal . Neutral flavor of rice considered complement to meal
●Fewer plates set
However: Japanese table manners developed on the premise of eating from tiny individualized tables (zen), while using Japanese tableware for Japanese cuisine consisting mainly of rice.
Today Japanese, Western, or Chinese-style utensils may be used, foreign foods are part of the cuisine, etc.
Traditional etiquette has not made the transition
Includes vegetables, meat, etc. to be eaten with chopsticks
Broth is typically drunk from bowl, which is held in the left hand (chopsticks right)
to distinctly develop
-As foreign foods are adopted, intake of rice decreases
-Though adopt foreign foods, still keep traditional principles
-Food modified for chopsticks
-Soy sauce replaces special sauces
-“reorder and reorganize” foreign elements to fit Japanese form