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WA State Export Data & Trends. Andrew J. Cassey School of Economic Sciences Washington State University March 2011. Andrew J. Cassey. Ph.D. 2008 University of Minnesota Dissertation: State Export Behavior and Policy Advisors: Sam Kortum and Tom Holmes. Andrew J. Cassey.

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wa state export data trends

WA State Export Data & Trends

Andrew J. Cassey

School of Economic Sciences

Washington State University

March 2011

Andrew J. Cassey

andrew j cassey
Andrew J. Cassey
  • Ph.D. 2008 University of Minnesota
    • Dissertation: State Export Behavior and Policy
    • Advisors: Sam Kortum and Tom Holmes
andrew j cassey1
Andrew J. Cassey
  • Ph.D. 2008 University of Minnesota
    • Dissertation: State Export Behavior and Policy
    • Advisors: Sam Kortum and Tom Holmes
  • Primary research interest in regional development through exportation
    • Informational barriers to trade, costs to begin to export
    • Export promotion policy
andrew j cassey2
Andrew J. Cassey
  • Ph.D. 2008 University of Minnesota
    • Dissertation: State Export Behavior and Policy
    • Advisors: Sam Kortum and Tom Holmes
  • Primary research interest in regional development through exportation
    • Informational barriers to trade, costs to begin to export
    • Export promotion policy
  • Contact information
    • [email protected]
    • 509-335-8334
    • extecon.wsu.edu/pages/Regional_Economics
    • PO Box 646210, Hulbert Hall 101, Pullman, WA 99164
outline of webinar
Outline of Webinar
  • State export data
    • How state export data is collected
    • How to interpret state export data
    • WSU Extension publication (FS006E) “The Collection and Description of Washington State Export Data”
  • Trends in Washington exports
    • Data and Graphs
    • WSU Extension publication “Export Trends in Washington State, Vol. 3” in press.
  • More information & Partners
export assistance program
Export Assistance Program
  • Create a culture of exporting
    • Support and extend outreach efforts to agricultural exporters
    • Conduct research to benefit new-to-export
export assistance program1
Export Assistance Program
  • Create a culture of exporting
    • Support and extend outreach efforts to agricultural exporters
    • Conduct research to benefit new-to-export
  • Joint with IMPACT Center, SBDC, WSDA
    • A Primer on Exchange Rates & Exporting
    • Interviews with current successful Agricultural exports
    • Interviews with commodity associations
    • Re-vamp of WA Ag Suppliers database
    • Yunfei Zhao: Outreach
    • Andrew Cassey: Research
state export data census bureau customs
State Export Data: Census Bureau & Customs
  • Nominal
    • Data has not been adjusted for inflation
    • Cannot compare across years without modification
    • Best to use Producer Price Index for WA or Seattle-Bremerton-Tacoma (all-commodities, less fuel)
state export data census bureau customs1
State Export Data: Census Bureau & Customs
  • Nominal
    • Data has not been adjusted for inflation
    • Cannot compare across years without modification
    • Best to use Producer Price Index for WA or Seattle-Bremerton-Tacoma (all-commodities, less fuel)
  • Reported either by product (HS) or by industry (NAICS)
    • Cannot get to low levels of disaggregation
    • 6 of 10 digit HS, 3 or 4 of 6 digit NAICS
state export data census bureau customs2
State Export Data: Census Bureau & Customs
  • Nominal
    • Data has not been adjusted for inflation
    • Cannot compare across years without modification
    • Best to use Producer Price Index for WA or Seattle-Bremerton-Tacoma (all-commodities, less fuel)
  • Reported either by product (HS) or by industry (NAICS)
    • Cannot get to low levels of disaggregation
    • 6 of 10 digit HS, 3 or 4 of 6 digit NAICS
  • Services, low-value not counted
    • Only records objects passing through customs
    • Only records shipments of greater than $2500
state export data origin of movement
State Export Data: Origin of Movement
  • Origin of Movement
    • Sales value at port of exit (not value-added)
    • Includes inland transportation cost
    • Does NOT include trans costs beyond U.S. ports
    • State where shipment begins international journey
      • State of consolidation of shipments
      • State of final processing
state export data origin of movement1
State Export Data: Origin of Movement
  • Origin of Movement
    • Sales value at port of exit (not value-added)
    • Includes inland transportation cost
    • Does NOT include trans costs beyond U.S. ports
    • State where shipment begins international journey
      • State of consolidation of shipments
      • State of final processing
    • Consolidation “problems” biggest for unprocessed mining & agricultural exports
      • Personal Preference: NAICS industries, not product codes
    • Not easy (possible) to derive employment or value-added due to exports
state export data data collection
State Export Data: Data Collection
  • Shipper’s Export Declaration & AES
    • Customs
    • Census Bureau
  • WISER: World Institute for Strategic Economic Research
export trends in washington
Export Trends in Washington
  • Inflation-adjusted time series data (Base year 1982-1984)
  • Specific industries
  • Emphasize exports in the context of overall sales
export trends in washington1
Export Trends in Washington
  • Inflation-adjusted time series data (Base year 1982-1984)
  • Specific industries
  • Emphasize exports in the context of overall sales
  • Useful for:
    • Assessing industry export prospects
    • Gauging Washington economic healthWA largest exporter in terms of export share of shipments
export trends to world by industry
Export Trends to World by Industry
  • Aerospace increase by 20%: rebound from strike
  • Overall increase by 2%
  • WA exports driven by Aerospace
export trends to world by industry1
Export Trends to World by Industry
  • Decrease in other large export industries
  • Should not measure state success with total export data
exports as percent of shipments by industry
Exports as Percent of Shipments by Industry
  • Exports more important for WA than U.S.
  • Exports increasingly important for Nav. Instruments
number of countries importing by industry
Number of Countries Importing by Industry
  • General increase in destinations
  • Decrease in destinations in 2009Decrease in exports from less countries or less sales?
processed ag exports by industry
Processed Ag Exports by Industry
  • All decrease in 2009 except oilseed (is this from WA?)
  • Trend winners: fruit & oilseed
exports as percent of shipments by industry1
Exports as Percent of Shipments by Industry
  • WA industries match national average until 2007
  • Decrease in domestic shipments: diversification
  • Exports increasingly important for Dairy
summary
Summary
  • 2009 exports up 2% over 2008
  • Increase due to aerospace and not overall
  • Most other export industries shrank in 2009
  • Grain and oilseed milling is hot export industryFollowed by fruit & vegetable preserves
summary1
Summary
  • 2009 exports up 2% over 2008
  • Increase due to aerospace and not overall
  • Most other export industries shrank in 2009
  • Grain and oilseed milling is hot export industryFollowed by fruit & vegetable preserves
  • Exports important for diversification of sales
  • Important to monitor % of sales and # of countries
more information
More Information
  • Trade Stats Express:Limited free export data, by industry and country
  • Department of Commerce Int’l Business:General info, Quarterly Trade Bulletin, destination focus
  • Commerce Quarterly Trade Bulletin
  • Small Business Development Center:Extensive network
  • International Trade Alliance Spokane:New-to-export training sessions
  • Trade Development Alliance Seattle:Trade missions
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