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It’s All About Tobacco . . . And Health PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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It’s All About Tobacco . . . And Health. Nancy Geha, Ed.D. Tobacco Prevention Program Manager. The voyage of discovery is not in seeking new landscapes, but in having new eyes. Marcel Proust. AIDS 31,000. FIRE 4,000. CAR 25,000. HEROIN 2,400. TOBACCO 434,000. HOMICIDE 22,000.

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It’s All About Tobacco . . . And Health

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It s all about tobacco and health l.jpg

It’s All About Tobacco . . . And Health

Nancy Geha, Ed.D.

Tobacco Prevention Program Manager


The voyage of discovery is not in seeking new landscapes but in having new eyes marcel proust l.jpg

The voyage of discovery is not in seeking new landscapes, but in having new eyes.Marcel Proust


Nationally tobacco kills more americans each year than l.jpg

AIDS 31,000

FIRE 4,000

CAR 25,000

HEROIN 2,400

TOBACCO

434,000

HOMICIDE

22,000

SECOND-HAND

SMOKE

53,000

SUICIDE 31,000

COCAINE 3,300

ALCOHOL 105,000

NATIONALLY, TOBACCO KILLS MORE AMERICANS EACH YEAR THAN...

TOBACCO TOTAL: 487,000

Others TOTAL: 233,700


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Goal #1:

Prevent initiation of the use of tobacco products among youth and youth cessation


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What’s in a Cigarette?

  • Nicotine.Used in bug spray, insecticide.

  • Tar.Gives cigarettes flavor. The average smoker inhales about one cup of tar a year. The tar may stick and stay in the lungs for a long time.

  • Formaldehyde. Preserves dead animals.

  • Cyanide. Main ingredient in rat poison.

  • Lead. Found in some kinds of paint.

  • Acetone. Common ingredient in paint and nail polish remover.

  • Ammonia. Found in many household cleaners.

  • Carbon monoxide. A common pollutant that escapes from the exhaust in cars.

  • Hydrazine. Used in jets and rocket fuel.


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What’s in Spit Tobacco

  • Nicotine

  • Polonium 210 (nuclear waste)

  • Radioactive elements

  • Formaldehyde (embalming fluid)

  • Cancer-causing chemicals


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Advertising defines…

“BEAUTY”

“FUN”

“MACHO”

“BRAVE”

“SEXY”


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Goal #2:Increase cessation of tobacco use among adults


National quitline 1 800 quit now 784 8669 www coquitline org l.jpg

NATIONAL QUITLINE1-800-QUIT-NOW 784-8669 www.coquitline.org


Goal 3 reduce exposure of youth and adults to secondhand smoke l.jpg

Goal #3:Reduce exposure of youth and adults to secondhand smoke


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SECONDHAND SMOKE

  • 4,000 chemicals - including cyanide, formaldehyde and arsenic

  • 50 cancer-causing agents

  • Increases the risk of respiratory infections, heart disease, and cancer of the lungs, pancreas, kidney, bladder, cervix, breast and brain

  • Causes approximately 53,000 deaths in the U.S. annually

  • A portion of childhood respiratory diseases and their associated illnesses may be preventable by decreasing or eliminating SHS


Secondhand smoke and children l.jpg

Coughing

Phlegm production

Colds

Sore throats

Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS)

Ear infections

Asthma

Bronchitis

Pneumonia

Secondhand Smoke and Children


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Collaboration with TCHD Nursing & Nutrition Divisions

Secondhand Smoke, Cessation, Youth Prevention

  • Immunization nurses and staff/clients

  • WIC Educators/clients

  • TCHD School Task Force

    Model for Colorado health departments!


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July 1, 2006

COLORADO IS THE 13TH STATE IN THE NATION TO BECOME SMOKE-FREE IN ALL INDOOR PUBLIC PLACES !!!


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Goal #4:

Increase outreach to disparately affected populations


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NICOTINE ADDICTION!!!


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Nicotine…

  • Increases pleasure feeling.

  • Increases motivation.

  • Increases concentration.

  • Decrease stress and angry feelings.

  • Is a tool to make awkward social situations better.


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Nicotine Facts

  • Nicotine has a half life of 20 minutes

  • Every morning individuals often have minor effects due to no tobacco all night

  • Nicotine goes to the lungs first, then hits the brain in 10 seconds

  • Acts as a stimulant and a depressant


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Neurotransmitters

Dopamine

Serotonin

Norepinephrine

GABA

Acetylcholine

Endorphins


It s all about quitting l.jpg

It’s All About Quitting?


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Stages of Behavior Change

  • Pre-contemplation – “No”

  • Contemplation – “On the Fence”

  • Preparation - “Yes”

  • Action – “GO!”

  • Maintenance – “Cruising”

  • Regression/Relapse – “Ugh”


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Quit Rates

  • Quitting without assistance: 3%

  • Clinician advice to quit: 5-10%

  • Pharmacological Treatment: 20-25%

  • Telephone counseling: 20-30%

    • Similar to group counseling


Benefits of quitting l.jpg

20 minutes

Blood pressure and pulse rate decrease

8 hours

Carbon monoxide and oxygen levels in blood return to normal

1 day

The likelihood of a heart attack decreases

2 days

Nerve endings regenerate; sense of smell and taste are enhanced

2 weeks

Circulation improves and lung function increases

1 – 9 months

Coughing, sinus congestion, fatigue and shortness of breath decrease

1 year

The likelihood of a heart attack is cut in half

5 years

Stroke risk is reduced to the same levels as a non-smoker

10 years

Risk of dying from lung cancer is about half that of a current smoker

15 years

Risk of coronary heart disease and death become roughly equivalent to those who have never smoked

Benefits of Quitting


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How Long Does It Take?

  • Make take several months for body to start making chemicals again – around 6 months

  • May feel:

    • Depressed

    • Fidgety

    • Anxious

    • Very aggressive

    • Lethargic

      Easy to relapse during this time

      High potential for relapse if on other drugs (alcohol)


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What Can You Do?

  • Be supportive and encouraging

  • Be patient

  • Educate

  • Find out resources – i.e. Quitline/Quitnet

  • Seek out others to help

  • Never give up on them


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Web Resources

  • CDPHE – www.steppitems.com and www.steppcolorado.com

  • Colorado Quitline (www.coquitline.org)

  • Smoke-Free Families (www.helppregnantsmokerquit.org)

  • Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids (www.tobaccofreekids.org)

  • Health and Human Services

    (www.smokefree.gov)


We must be the change we wish to see in the world mahatma gandhi l.jpg

We must be the change we wish to see in the world.Mahatma Gandhi


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