Topic 12 The Protestant Reformation. Began in 1517 with Luther’s “95 Theses.” Series of reform movements throughout Europe. Martin Luther (1483-1546) Led reform in Germany. Sparked movements all over Europe. Early life Education Planning law career. Became a monk instead.
Asked to renounce his errors, Luther replied:
“Unless I am convicted by Scripture and plain reason —I do not accept the authority of popes and councils, for they have contradicted each other— my conscience is captive to the Word of God. I cannot and will not recant anything, for to go against conscience is neither right nor safe.”
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By some accounts, he then added:
“Here I stand. I can do no other. God help me. Amen.”